Commands using cd (214)

  • The biggest advantage of this over the functions is that it is portable.


    57
    mkdir /home/foo/doc/bar && cd $_
    kzh · 2011-08-12 11:29:19 0
  • This uses Bash's "process substitution" feature to compare (using diff) the output of two different process pipelines.


    35
    diff <(cd dir1 && find | sort) <(cd dir2 && find | sort)
    mbirk · 2009-05-21 04:44:29 32
  • How often do you make a directory (or series of directories) and then change into it to do whatever? 99% of the time that is what I do. This BASH function 'md' will make the directory path then immediately change to the new directory. By using the 'mkdir -p' switch, the intermediate directories are created as well if they do not exist. Show Sample Output


    32
    md () { mkdir -p "$@" && cd "$@"; }
    drewk · 2009-09-24 16:09:19 5
  • Uses the last argument of the last executed command, and gets the directory name from it. Use $!:t for the filename alone, without the dirname. Show Sample Output


    25
    cd !$:h
    lingo · 2009-08-07 00:37:08 2
  • When you fill a formular with Firefox, you see things you entered in previous formulars with same field names. This command list everything Firefox has registered. Using a "delete from", you can remove anoying Google queries, for example ;-)


    19
    cd ~/.mozilla/firefox/ && sqlite3 `cat profiles.ini | grep Path | awk -F= '{print $2}'`/formhistory.sqlite "select * from moz_formhistory" && cd - > /dev/null
    klipz · 2009-04-13 20:23:37 3
  • If you use symlinks a lot, especially nested symlinks, this puts you back on the absolute path to command-line-fu-nirvana. (Note the backticks around pwd). Show Sample Output


    16
    cd `pwd -P`
    Davvolun · 2009-02-17 17:21:24 3
  • Forces the -i flag on the rm command when using a wildcard delete. Show Sample Output


    15
    cd <directory>; touch ./-i
    ljmhk · 2011-05-12 11:01:58 11
  • This command looks for a single file named emails.txt which is located somewhere in my home directory and cd to that directory. This command is especially helpful when the file is burried deep in the directory structure. I tested it against the bash shells in Xubuntu 8.10 and Mac OS X Leopard 10.5.6


    11
    cd $(dirname $(find ~ -name emails.txt))
    haivu · 2009-05-01 21:26:58 4
  • record audio notes or meetings requires arecord and lame run mp3gain on the resulting file to increase the volume / quality ctrl-c to stop recording Show Sample Output


    11
    arecord -q -f cd -r 44100 -c2 -t raw | lame -S -x -h -b 128 - `date +%Y%m%d%H%M`.mp3
    oracular · 2009-09-25 05:32:52 2
  • This little function will smarten 'cd'. If you try to cd into a file (which I guess we all have done), it cd's into the directory of that file instead. I had to use nesten if's, to get cd to still work with 'cd' (to get to $HOME), 'cd -' (to get to last directory), and 'cd foo\ bar'. Show Sample Output


    9
    cd() { if [ -z "$1" ]; then command cd; else if [ -f "$1" ]; then command cd $(dirname "$1"); else command cd "$1"; fi; fi; }
    xeor · 2010-04-23 19:17:43 4
  • I wrote this a long time ago, wondering why this wasn't floating around somewhere out there (at least not where I could find).. this seems much more simple than multiple aliases and can cd out of directories easier. Show Sample Output


    9
    up() { local x='';for i in $(seq ${1:-1});do x="$x../"; done;cd $x; }
    evil · 2012-05-16 04:21:41 1
  • This command create a new temp directory using mktemp (to avoid collisions) and change the current working directory to the created directory. Show Sample Output


    8
    cd "$(mktemp -d)"
    Weboide · 2009-05-20 11:48:12 3
  • This command securely erases all the unused blocks on a partition. The unused blocks are the "free space" on the partition. Some of these blocks will contain data from previously deleted files. You might want to use this if you are given access to an old computer and you do not know its provenance. The command could be used while booted from a LiveCD to clear freespace space on old HD. On modern Linux LiveCDs, the "ntfs-3g" system provides ReadWrite access to NTFS partitions thus enabling this method to also be used on Wind'ohs drives. NB depending on the size of the partition, this command could take a while to complete. Show Sample Output


    8
    # cd $partition; dd if=/dev/zero of=ShredUnusedBlocks bs=512M; shred -vzu ShredUnusedBlocks
    mpb · 2009-06-21 14:17:22 6
  • Each shell function has its own summary line, as a comment. If there are multiple shell functions with the same name, the function with the highest number of votes is put into the file. Note: added 'grep -v' to the end of the pipeline, to eliminate extraneous lines containing only '--'. Thanks to matthewbauer for pointing this out.


    8
    export QQ=$(mktemp -d);(cd $QQ; curl -s -O http://www.commandlinefu.com/commands/browse/sort-by-votes/plaintext/[0-2400:25];for i in $(perl -ne 'print "$1\n" if( /^(\w+\(\))/ )' *|sort -u);do grep -h -m1 -B1 $i *; done)|grep -v '^--' > clf.sh;rm -r $QQ
    bartonski · 2010-01-30 19:47:42 3
  • After typing cd directory [enter] ls [enter] so many times, I figured I'd try to make it into a function. I was surprised how smoothly I was able to integrate it into my work on the command line. Just use cdls as you would cd. It will automatically list the directory contents after you cd into the directory. To make the command always available, add it to your .bashrc file. Not quite monumental, but still pretty convenient. Show Sample Output


    7
    function cdls { cd $1; ls; }
    joem86 · 2009-03-10 19:13:47 6

  • 7
    ( cd SOURCEDIR && tar cf - . ) | (cd DESTDIR && tar xvpf - )
    res0nat0r · 2009-06-26 19:13:51 6
  • Another way of doing it that's a bit clearer. I'm a fan of readable code.


    7
    script_path=$(cd $(dirname $0);pwd)
    jgc · 2009-10-14 16:04:03 3
  • This is useful for quickly jumping around branches in a file system, or operating on a parellel file. This is tested in bash. cd to (substitute in PWD, a for b) where PWD is the bash environmental variable for the "working directory" Show Sample Output


    7
    cd ${PWD/a/b}
    greggster · 2011-03-03 06:27:12 4
  • This is usefull to diff 2 paths in branches of software, or in different versions of a same zip file. So you can get the real file diff. Show Sample Output


    7
    diff <(cd A; find -type f|xargs md5sum ) <(cd B; find -type f | xargs md5sum )
    glaudiston · 2013-07-02 18:02:05 3
  • Often, the very next command after the cd command is 'ls', so why not combine them?. Tested on a Red Hat derivative and Mac OS X Leopard Update: changed ${1:-$HOME} to "${@:-$HOME}" to accomodate directories with spaces in the names


    6
    cd() { builtin cd "${@:-$HOME}" && ls; }
    haivu · 2009-03-05 22:37:35 6
  • Based on linkinpark342 suggestion. Sometimes you have to browse your way through a lot of sub-directories. This command cd to the previous sub-directory in alphabetical order. For example, if you have the directories "lectures/01-intro", "lectures/02-basic", "lectures/03-advanced" and so on, and your PWD is "02-basic", it jumps to "01-intro".


    6
    cd ../"$(ls -F ..|grep '/'|grep -B1 `basename $PWD`|head -n 1)"
    gwiener · 2009-05-18 06:44:02 0
  • This command will set bash as the default shell for all users in a FreeBSD system.


    6
    cd /usr/home && for i in *;do chsh -s bash $i;done
    casidiablo · 2009-12-31 18:48:53 3
  • `up 3` will climb the directory tree by three steps. `up asdf` will do nothing, and returns exit code 1 as an error should.


    6
    up() { [ $(( $1 + 0 )) -gt 0 ] && cd $(eval "printf '../'%.0s {1..$1}"); }
    Mozai · 2012-06-15 17:10:45 1
  • Greps IRC logs for phrases and lists users who said them. Show Sample Output


    5
    cd ~/.purple/logs/; egrep -ri "i can haz|pwn|l33t|w00|zomg" * | cut -d'/' -f 3 | sort | uniq | xargs -I {} echo "Note to self: ban user '{}'"
    rhythmx · 2009-02-05 21:23:53 1

  • 5
    cd `dirname $_`
    amaymon · 2009-08-07 07:08:31 0
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use vim to get colorful diff output
:q to quit

Mount SMB share with password containing special characters
If the password for the share your trying to mount contains special characters you can use URL escape characters. The above command uses an example as follows: username: user password: p@ss URL Encoded password: p%40ss All credit goes to Richard York: http://www.smilingsouls.net/Blog/20110526100731.html Also check out this URL Decoder/Encoder to convert your passwords. http://meyerweb.com/eric/tools/dencoder/

Find top 10 largest files in /var directory (subdirectories and hidden files included )
Should work even when very large files exist.

Multi line grep using sed and specifying open/close tags
Working with log files that contains variable length messages wrapped between open and close tags it may be useful to filter the messages upon a keyword. This works fine with GNU sed version 4.2 or higher, so pay attention to some unix distros (solaris, hp-ux, etc.). Linux should be ok.

Prints any IP out of a file

Symlink all files from a base directory to a target directory
Symlinks all files in the base directory to the target directory then lists all of the created symlinks.

Get AWS temporary credentials ready to export based on a MFA virtual appliance
You might want to secure your AWS operations requiring to use a MFA token. But then to use API or tools, you need to pass credentials generated with a MFA token. This commands asks you for the MFA code and retrieves these credentials using AWS Cli. To print the exports, you can use: `awk '{ print "export AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID=\"" $1 "\"\n" "export AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY=\"" $2 "\"\n" "export AWS_SESSION_TOKEN=\"" $3 "\"" }'` You must adapt the command line to include: * $MFA_IDis ARN of the virtual MFA or serial number of the physical one * TTL for the credentials

Recursive find and replace file extension / suffix (mass rename files)
Find recursively all files in ~/Notes with the extension '.md' and pipe that via xargs to rename command, which will replace every '.md' to '.txt' in this example (existing files will not be overwritten).

return external ip
Get your ip address, hostname, ASN and geolocation information. If you want just one field as a text response you can also get that,eg curl ipinfo.io/ip

Get AWS temporary credentials ready to export based on a MFA virtual appliance
You might want to secure your AWS operations requiring to use a MFA token. But then to use API or tools, you need to pass credentials generated with a MFA token. This commands asks you for the MFA code and retrieves these credentials using AWS Cli. To print the exports, you can use: `awk '{ print "export AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID=\"" $1 "\"\n" "export AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY=\"" $2 "\"\n" "export AWS_SESSION_TOKEN=\"" $3 "\"" }'` You must adapt the command line to include: * $MFA_IDis ARN of the virtual MFA or serial number of the physical one * TTL for the credentials


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