Commands by drewk (12)

  • This produces a parseable output of the last day of the month in future or past. Change the '-v-0m' to be a month plus or minus from the current system time. Show Sample Output

    date -j -v1d -v-0m -v-1d +'%m %d %Y'
    drewk · 2010-03-04 17:47:51 2
  • PDF files are simultaneously wonderful and heinous. They are wonderful in being ubiquitous and mostly being cross platform. They are heinous in being very difficult to work with from the command line, search, grep, use only the text inside the PDF, or use outside of proprietary products. xpdf is a wonderful set of PDF tools. It is on many linux distros and can be installed on OS X. While primarily an open PDF viewer for X, xpdf has the tool "pdftotext" that can extract formated or unformatted text from inside a PDF that has text. This text stream can then be further processed by grep or other tool. The '-' after the file name directs output to stdout rather than to a text file the same name as the PDF. Make sure you use version 3.02 of pdftotext or later; earlier versions clipped lines. The lines extracted from a PDF without the "-layout" option are very long. More paragraphs. Use just to test that a pattern exists in the file. With "-layout" the output resembles the lines, but it is not perfect. xpdf is available open source at

    pdftotext [file] - | grep 'YourPattern'
    drewk · 2010-02-14 21:42:35 7
  • Bash has a great history system of its commands accessed by the ! built-in history expansion operator (documented elsewhere on this site or on the web). You can combine the ! operator inside the process redirection Very handy. Show Sample Output

    drewk · 2010-02-06 18:35:10 2
  • The format is JJJJJ YR-MO-DA HH:MM:SS TT L DUT1 msADV UTC(NIST) OTM and is explained more fully here: Show Sample Output

    cat </dev/tcp/
    drewk · 2009-12-03 21:40:14 7

  • -1
    grep -c '^From ' mbox_file
    drewk · 2009-11-07 03:31:05 1
  • Uses curl to download page of membership of US Congress. Use sed to strip HTML then perl to print a line starting with two tabs (a line with a representative) Show Sample Output

    curl "" 2>/dev/null | sed -e :a -e 's/<[^>]*>//g;/</N;//ba' | perl -nle 's/^\t\t(.*$)/ $1/ and print;'
    drewk · 2009-09-24 23:37:36 2
  • How often do you make a directory (or series of directories) and then change into it to do whatever? 99% of the time that is what I do. This BASH function 'md' will make the directory path then immediately change to the new directory. By using the 'mkdir -p' switch, the intermediate directories are created as well if they do not exist. Show Sample Output

    md () { mkdir -p "$@" && cd "$@"; }
    drewk · 2009-09-24 16:09:19 8
  • The sort utility is well used, but sometimes you want a little chaos. This will randomize the lines of a text file. BTW, on OS X there is no | sort -R option! There is also no | shuf These are only in the newer GNU core... This is also faster than the alternate of: | awk 'BEGIN { srand() } { print rand() "\t" $0 }' | sort -n | cut -f2- Show Sample Output

    cat ~/SortedFile.txt | perl -wnl -e '@f=<>; END{ foreach $i (reverse 0 .. $#f) { $r=int rand ($i+1); @f[$i, $r]=@f[$r,$i] unless ($i==$r); } chomp @f; foreach $line (@f){ print $line; }}'
    drewk · 2009-09-24 15:42:43 3
  • The backtick operator, in general, will execute the text inside the backticks. On OS X, the pbpaste command will put the contents of the OS X clipboard to STDOUT. So if you put backticks around pbpaste, the text from the OS X clipboard is executed. If you add the pipeline | pbcopy, the output from executing the command on the clipboard is placed back on the clipboard. Note: make sure the clipboard is text only. Show Sample Output

    `pbpaste` | pbcopy
    drewk · 2009-09-21 23:10:11 5
  • This pipeline will find, sort and display all files based on mtime. This could be done with find | xargs, but the find | xargs pipeline will not produce correct results if the results of find are greater than xargs command line buffer. If the xargs buffer fills, xargs processes the find results in more than one batch which is not compatible with sorting. Note the "-print0" on find and "-0" switch for perl. This is the equivalent of using xargs. Don't you love perl? Note that this pipeline can be easily modified to any data produced by perl's stat operator. eg, you could sort on size, hard links, creation time, etc. Look at stat and just change the '9' to what you want. Changing the '9' to a '7' for example will sort by file size. A '3' sorts by number of links.... Use head and tail at the end of the pipeline to get oldest files or most recent. Use awk or perl -wnla for further processing. Since there is a tab between the two fields, it is very easy to process. Show Sample Output

    find $HOME -type f -print0 | perl -0 -wn -e '@f=<>; foreach $file (@f){ (@el)=(stat($file)); push @el, $file; push @files,[ @el ];} @o=sort{$a->[9]<=>$b->[9]} @files; for $i (0..$#o){print scalar localtime($o[$i][9]), "\t$o[$i][-1]\n";}'|tail
    drewk · 2009-09-21 22:11:16 8
  • This finds all the PowerPC apps recognized by OS X. A better version is: system_profiler SPApplicationsDataType 2> /dev/null | perl - wnl -e '$i=$j=$k=$p=0; @al=; $c=@al; while($j s[$i].=$al[$j]; $i++ if ($al[$j]) =~ /^\s\s\s\s\S.*:$/; $j++} while($k apps[$k++]; if (/Kind: PowerPC/s) {print; $p++;}} print "$i applications, $p P owerPC applications\n\n"' but that is more than 255 characters...

    system_profiler SPApplicationsDataType | perl -nl -e '@al=<>; $c=@al; while($j<$c){ $apps[$i].=$al[$j]; $i++ if ($al[$j] ) =~ /^\s\s\s\s\S.*:$/; $j++} while($k<$i){ $_=$apps[$k++]; if (/Kind: PowerPC/s) {print;}}'
    drewk · 2009-09-06 20:56:48 5
  • diff is designed to compare two files. You can also compare directories. In this form, bash uses 'process substitution' in place of a file as an input to diff. Each input to diff can be filtered as you choose. I use find and egrep to select the files to compare.

    diff <(cd /path-1; find . -type f -print | egrep -i '\.m4a$|\.mp3$') <(cd /path-2; find . f -print | egrep -i '\.m4a$|\.mp3$')
    drewk · 2009-08-17 00:49:31 4

What's this? is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.

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Creat a tar file for backup info
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Get memory total from /proc/meminfo in Gigs

delete command line last word

Find all active ip's in a subnet
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Find usb device in realtime
Using this command you can track a moment when usb device was attached.

Converting video file (.flv, .avi etc.) to .3gp
ffmpeg -i = input file name -s = set frame size, qcif=176x144 -vcodec = force video codec -r = frame-rate [default = 25] -b = bit-rate [200 kb/s] -acodec = force audio codec -ab = audio bitrate in bits/s [64k] -ac = no. of audio channels [1] -ar = audio sampling frequency [44100 Hz] optional: -sameq = use same video quality as source (implies VBR) -f = force format -y = overwrite output files

List all information about all files (in current dir)
This is a funny usage of the traditional command ls. It could be basically simplified as: $ ls -a -l Duplicating arguments is permitted: $ ls -a -l -l And this markup could be shortened as: $ ls -al Extra note: To view filesizes like a pro, pray for your God: $ ls -allah

Search some text from all files inside a directory

Decrypt passwords from Google Chrome and Chromium.
Read this before you down voting and comment that it is not working -> Wont work on latest versions ~75> since database file is locked and has to be decrypted. This is useful if you have an old hdd with a chrome installation and want to decrypt your old passwords fast.

Replace spaces in filenames with underscores

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