Commands tagged POSIX (9)


  • 27
    grep -Fx -f file1 file2
    zarathud · 2010-05-28 14:50:14 9
  • If you have used bash for any scripting, you've used the date command alot. It's perfect for using as a way to create filename's dynamically within aliases,functions, and commands like below.. This is actually an update to my first alias, since a few commenters (below) had good observations on what was wrong with my first command. # creating a date-based ssh-key for askapache.github.com ssh-keygen -f ~/.ssh/`date +git-$USER@$HOSTNAME-%m-%d-%g` -C 'webmaster@askapache.com' # /home/gpl/.ssh/git-gplnet@askapache.github.com-04-22-10 # create a tar+gzip backup of the current directory tar -czf $(date +$HOME/.backups/%m-%d-%g-%R-`sed -u 's/\//#/g' <<< $PWD`.tgz) . # tar -czf /home/gpl/.backups/04-22-10-01:13-#home#gpl#.rr#src.tgz . I personally find myself having to reference date --help quite a bit as a result. So this nice alias saves me a lot of time. This is one bdash mofo. Works in sh and bash (posix), but will likely need to be changed for other shells due to the parameter substitution going on.. Just extend the sed command, I prefer sed to pretty much everything anyways.. but it's always preferable to put in the extra effort to go for as much builtin use as you can. Otherwise it's not a top one-liner, it's a lazyboy recliner. Here's the old version: alias dateh='date --help|sed "/^ *%%/,/^ *%Z/!d;s/ \+/ /g"|while read l;do date "+ %${l/% */}_${l/% */}_${l#* }";done|column -s_ -t' This trick from my [ http://www.askapache.com/linux-unix/bash_profile-functions-advanced-shell.html bash_profile ] Show Sample Output


    21
    alias dateh='date --help|sed -n "/^ *%%/,/^ *%Z/p"|while read l;do F=${l/% */}; date +%$F:"|'"'"'${F//%n/ }'"'"'|${l#* }";done|sed "s/\ *|\ */|/g" |column -s "|" -t'
    AskApache · 2010-04-21 01:22:18 5

  • 12
    grep -Fxv -f file1 file2
    zarathud · 2010-05-28 14:48:27 0
  • same as the chmod example, but should also copy extended access control list attributes. deliberately stolen from: man setfacl


    6
    getfacl file1 | setfacl --set-file=- file2
    funky · 2010-03-31 13:36:53 2
  • There's another version on here that uses GET but some people don't have lwp-request, so here's an alternative. It's also a little shorter and should work with most youtube URLs since it truncates at the first &


    2
    url="[Youtube URL]"; echo $(curl ${url%&*} 2>&1 | grep -iA2 '<title>' | grep '-') | sed 's/^- //'
    rkulla · 2010-04-29 02:03:36 1
  • Uses the shell builtin `declare` with the '-f' flag to output only functions to grep out only the function names. You can use it as an alias or function like so: alias shfunctions="builtin declare -f | command grep --color=never -E '^[a-zA-Z_]+\ \(\)'" shfunctions () { builtin declare -f | command grep --color=never -E '^[a-zA-Z_]+\ \(\)'; } Show Sample Output


    2
    builtin declare -f | command grep --color=never -E '^[a-zA-Z_]+\ \(\)'
    sciro · 2018-07-23 05:24:04 0
  • Normally executing 'set' returns a vast amount of information, including the source code of every function and variable within the environment - including those that are part of the shell. By using the -o posix argument, bash runs temporarily in POSIX mode for this command, which simplifies expressions and leaves out the shell's own functions and definitions - leaving a much smaller, more useful list. Show Sample Output


    0
    alias allvars=' ( set -o posix; set ) | less'
    incidentnormal · 2016-03-04 14:04:45 0
  • Install with `npm install unix-permissions`. https://github.com/ehmicky/unix-permissions Unix file permissions can take many shapes: symbolic (`ug+rw`), octal (`660`) or a list of characters (`drw-rw----`). `unix-permissions` enables using any of these (instead of being limited to a single one) with any CLI command. Show Sample Output


    -1
    unix-permissions convert.stat $(unix-permissions invert $(umask))
    ehmicky · 2019-02-05 14:06:08 1
  • This produces a parseable output of the last day of the month in future or past. Change the '-v-0m' to be a month plus or minus from the current system time. Show Sample Output


    -4
    date -j -v1d -v-0m -v-1d +'%m %d %Y'
    drewk · 2010-03-04 17:47:51 1

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A command line calculator in Perl
Once I wrote a command line calculator program in C, then I found this... and added to it a bit. For ease of use I normally use this in a tiny Perl program (which I call pc for 'Perl Calculator') #!/usr/bin/perl -w die "Usage: $0 MATHS\n" unless(@ARGV);for(@ARGV){s/x/*/g;s/v/sqrt /g;s/\^/**/g}; print eval(join('',@ARGV)),$/; It handles square roots, power, modulus: $ pc 1+2 (1 plus 2) 3 $ pc 3x4 (3 times 4) 12 $ pc 5^6 (5 to the power of 6) 15625 $ pc v 49 ( square root of 49 ) 7 $ pc 12/3 (12 divided by 3) 4 $ pc 19%4 (19 modulus 4) 3 (you can string maths together too) $ pc 10 x 10 x 10 1000 $ pc 10 + 10 + 10 / 2 25 $ pc 7 x v49 49

grep for minus (-) sign
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list block devices
Shows all block devices in a tree with descruptions of what they are.

shell function to underline a given string.
underline() will print $1, followed by a series of '=' characters the width of $1. An optional second argument can be used to replace '=' with a given character. This function is useful for breaking lots of data emitted in a for loop into sections which are easier to parse visually. Let's say that 'xxxx' is a very common pattern occurring in a group of CSV files. You could run $ grep xxxx *.csv This would print the name of each csv file before each matching line, but the output would be hard to parse visually. $ for i in *.csv; do printf "\n"; underline $i; grep "xxxx" $i; done Will break the output into sections separated by the name of the file, underlined.

How to extract 5000 records from each table in MySQL
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Text graphing ping output filter
Nasty perl one-liner that provides a sparkline of ping times. If you want a different history than the last 30, just put that value in. It (ab)uses unicode to draw the bars, inspired by https://github.com/joemiller/spark-ping . It's not the most bug-free piece of code, but what it lacks in robustness it makes up for in capability. :) If anyone has any ideas on how to make it more compact or better, I'd love to hear them. I included a ping to google in the command just as an example (and burned up 10 chars doing it!). You should use it with: $ ping example.com | $SPARKLINE_PING_COMMAND

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Which processes are listening on a specific port (e.g. port 80)
swap out "80" for your port of interest. Can use port number or named ports e.g. "http"

resize all JPG images in folder and create new images (w/o overwriting)
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