commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.
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Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.
Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):
Subscribe to the feed for:
(here is character '+' repeated 80 times)
Sometimes needed to enhance the title of the script.
Post a message on another users screen via SSH
An old USB A/B cable is all you need to make your own Smart Home hardware!
Cut off and discard the B-portion of the USB cable. On the A side, connect the RED (+) and WHITE (D-) wires via a 1 kiloohm resistor.
Now plug the cable into a USB port on your Linux computer. Your hardware is ready!
Run the above command after changing variable mysms to your personal email-to-SMS gateway info as required by your cellular service provider.
The command uses the amazing usbmon tool (see link below) to detect the cable.
For the curious, to view the raw usbmon output, run this command: (Also see the sample output)
usbmon -i usb0
How does it work? When the red and white wires are connected (via the 1 kiloohm resistor) the USB hardwere is tricked into thinking that a new USB device is trying to start up.
We then use the usbmon utility to capture the host USB events as it tries to talk to the cable.
The expect utility watches the usbmon stream and waits for the disconnect text "-2:128" before sending the SMS message.
Finally, the sendmail tool is used to email the SMS message to your smartphone via your cellular provider's SMS-to-email gateway.
As a result, when the electrical connection between the red and white wire is interrupted, or the USB cable is unplugged from your computer, you get an SMS notification of the disconnect event on your smartphone.
Could this be the cheapest smart home gadget ever? What are YOU going to sense with it?
Please let me know in the comments and please don't forget to click it up!
Working with lists of IP addresses it is sometimes useful to summarize a count of how many times an IP address appears in the file.
This example, summarizeIP, uses another function "verifyIP" previously defined in commandlinefu.com to ensure only valid IP addresses get counted. The summary list is presented in count order starting with highest count.
When processing IP addresses in the shell (or shell script) it is useful to be able to verify that the value of data is an IP address (an not some random string or non-sensible IP address).
How to determine SSL cert expiration date from a PEM encoded
This will extract the public key that is stored in the private key using openssl.
grep for 2 words existing on the same line
Thanks to pooderbill for the idea :-)
Rearrange pdf document coming from a simplex document feed scanner, feeded first with odd pages, then with even pages from the end. Needs pdftk >1.44 w/ shuffle.
Similar to http://www.commandlinefu.com/commands/view/7965/pdf-simplex-to-duplex-merge where there are 2 separate documents, odd and even
Uses GNU Parallel.
Tested on MacOS and GNU/Linux.
It works in dirs containing files starting with '-'.
It runs 'du' only once.
It sorts according to size.
It treats 1K=1000 (and not 1024)
Uses packet size 1472, padded with zeroes, and shows more columns with jitter statistics to the right. This is a greatly improved version of traceroute.
thanks to GREP_COLOR the output will highlite the first 4 digits. if all files are few MB only, this gives a quick overview of how many powers of 10 bigger than 1MB they really are, a logarithmic scale. same works if files are more than 1GB when you replace the "4" by a "7", I usually use "5" in order to manually decide what files to delete...
This method does not transfer the contents of the entire file, instead it computes a md5 sum of the file on each end so that large files can be compared without transferring them across the net.
Creating feature-branches off master, and trying to merge them in an integration branch (preview), sometimes causes conflicts because the feature-branch might hold changes from 'master' that aren't on preview yet. So this ensures only the commits added to the feature-branch are moved to integration (preview).
Note: This assumes you're currently on the feature-branch. Adjust 'master/preview' branch names to suit your environment.