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Commands tagged zsh from sorted by
Terminal - Commands tagged zsh - 71 results
cd(), do a ls (or whatever you can imagine) after a cd, func to long please refer to description
2015-01-01 20:50:19
User: Xk2c
Functions: cd ls

some people on the net already use a cd(), but most of them break 'cd -' functionality,

that is "go back where you have been previosly", or 'cd' which is "go back home".

This cd() copes with that. Also when given a file name, go to the directory where this file is in.



if [[ -n ${*} ]]


if [[ s${*}e == s-e ]]


builtin cd -

elif [[ ! -d ${*} ]]


builtin cd "${*%/*}"


builtin cd "${*}"



builtin cd ~


ls -la


[ ~/temp/foo/bar/baz ] $ .. 3
2015-01-01 20:41:17
User: Xk2c

many have aliases like:

alias ...="cd ../../"

alias ....="cd ../../../"

and so furth.

..() mitigates to need for those aliases, see sample output for an example

# .. -> go up 1 directory

# .. 4 -> go up 4 directories



local DIR=''

declare -i NUM=0

if [[ ${1} =~ ^[1-9][0-9]*$ ]]


while (( ${NUM} < ${1:-1} ))



NUM=$(( ${NUM} + 1 ))





cd "${DIR}"


$ if check4progs cp foo mv bar rsync; then echo "needed progs avail, lets do funky stuff"; else echo "oh oh better abort now"; fi
2015-01-01 16:16:00
User: Xk2c
Functions: cp echo mv

Thanks to the great grml team for this func!

You really should look at their shell configs for further usefull things!


# {{{ check for availability of program(s)

# usage example:

# check4progs [-s,-q,--quiet,--silent] arg [arg .... argn]


# with option given either of:

# -s,-q,--quiet,--silent


# check for available progs but produce no output

check4progs() {

[ -n "${ZSH_VERSION}" ] && emulate -L sh

local RTN=0

local oldifs="${IFS}"

local ARG d found

local VERBOSE=1

case ${1} in

-q | -s | --quiet | --silent)


shift 1





while [ $# -gt 0 ]






for d in $PATH


if [ -x "${d}/${ARG}" ]







# check for availability

if [ ${found} -eq 0 ]


if [ ${VERBOSE} -eq 1 ]


printf "%s: binary not found\n" "${ARG}" >&2





# return non zero, if at least one prog is missing!

return $RTN


# }}}

bc <<<"..."
for i in {0..255}; do echo -e "\e[38;05;${i}m\\\e[38;05;${i}m"; done | column -c 80 -s ' '; echo -e "\e[m"
zmv '(*.*)(.*)' '${1//./_}$2'
2013-04-06 01:57:34
User: khayyam
Tags: zsh

Example of zsh globbing and parameter expansion.

(*.*)(.*) ... the pattern we want to act on, a period followed by a string and then period, we split the pattern into two sections which will become $1, the first part of the match, and $2, second

{1//./_}$2 ... the parameter expansion for $1 with a string substitution, followed by the match $2, the second part of the pattern.
zmv -Q '(**/)(*)(.)' '$1${(L)2}'
2013-04-03 04:27:51
User: khayyam
Tags: zsh

Example of zsh globing, glob qualifier, and substitution:

-Q state that the parameter will contain a glob qualifier.

(**/)(*) is recursive

(.) is our glob qualifier, with states the match is a file "."

The first parameter $1, is then substituted with $2 but with lowercasing '(L)' ... a (U) would of course be from lower to upper.

zmv -Q '(**/)* *(.)' '$f:gs/ /_'
print -rl /**/*(.f:o+w:)
2013-04-03 02:53:00
User: khayyam

Example of using zsh glob qualifier ...

"." = files

"f:" = files with access rights matching:

o+w = other plus write

ls -tl **/*(om[1,20])
2013-03-24 00:14:03
User: khayyam
Functions: ls
Tags: ls zsh

zsh globbing and glob qualifier:

'**/*' = recursive

om = ouput by modification (last access)

[1,20] = twenty files.

The '-t' switch is provided to ls so that the files are ordered with the most recent at the top. For a more 'find' like output the following can be used.

print -rl **/*(om[1,20])

print /dev/disk/by-id/*(@[1]:t)
2013-03-23 23:22:14
User: khayyam
Tags: zsh

example of the use of zsh glob qualifiers:

"@" = the symlink qualifier

"[1]" = first element

:t = remove leading path components, leaving the tail

print ${$(ifconfig wlan0)[6]}
2013-03-23 20:29:29
User: khayyam
Functions: ifconfig
Tags: zsh

A method for aquiring the ip address using zsh. If you prefer the use of iproute2 (which, frankly, you should) then the following should provide the same (ip outputs CIDR addresses):

print ${$(ip -o -4 a s eth0)[4]}

we could also pass a qualifier to take only the IP and not the (CIDR) mask

print ${$(ip -o -4 a s eth0)[4]:h}

or, similarly, for the MAC address:

print ${$(ip l l eth0)[15]}

print -rl **/*(.Lm+100)
2013-03-23 16:18:25
User: khayyam
Tags: zsh


"**/*" = recursive

"(.Lm+100)" "." = files, "L" = filesize glob qualifier, "m" = mb, "+100" = 100

print -rl **/*(.m0)
2013-03-23 16:05:49
User: khayyam
Tags: zsh

example of zsh globbing and glob qualifiers:

"**/*" recursive

(.m0) '.' = regular file, 'm0' = modified zero days (so, today).

zmv '* *' '$f:gs/ /_'
for f ([0-9].txt) zmv $f '${(l:1::0:)}'$f
2013-03-22 01:53:42
User: khayyam
Tags: zsh

zsh: add leading zero ... altogether pointless, as there can only be a maximum of 10 'single digit' files, and so a maximum of 10 files the command can act on. Padding further zeros will produce '0010', '001' and so break sequance. The only proper method is to itterate the numbers like so:

i=1; for f (*) zmv $f '${(l:3::0:)$((++i))}'.txt

but this has the unfortunate side effect of incrementing the values by 1 ... which may not be desirable.

chmod u+x **/*.sh
ls -Sh **/*(.Lm+100) | tail -5
2013-03-21 20:22:11
User: khayyam
Functions: ls tail
Tags: tail ls zsh

zsh: list of files sorted by size, greater than 100mb, head the top 5. '**/*' is recursive, and the glob qualifiers provide '.' = regular file, 'L' size, which is followed by 'm' = 'megabyte', and finally '+100' = a value of 100

zmv '(*).txt' '$1.csv'
2013-03-21 02:28:30
User: khayyam
Tags: zsh

Requires zsh. You might also do the following:

for (*.txt) mv $i ${i/.txt/.csv}

or I imagine the following will work in bash:

for i in "*.txt" ; do mv $i ${i/.txt/.csv} ; done

i=1; for f (*.jpg) zmv $f '${(l:3::0:)$((++i))}'$f
2013-03-21 01:51:28
User: khayyam
Tags: zsh

zsh example using a 'for' loop and arithmetic expression:

files matching the pattern '*.jpg' are renamed with a 3 digit prefix, keeping the previous filename and suffix.

perl -MModule::Name\ 9999 -e 1
2013-01-15 22:51:39
User: three18ti
Functions: perl
Tags: bash perl zsh

This attempts to load a Perl Module (-M flag) and use version 9999, since no module has a version this high, Perl exits either a) telling you the version of the module installed or b) tells you it can't find the module.

if [ -n "$SSH_CONNECTION" ]; then export TMOUT=300; fi
2012-11-03 18:39:25
User: Testuser_01
Functions: export

This will check if a user is logged in using ssh and will log out the user automatically after the specified time in seconds without data retrieval on the server side.

Will work with bash and zsh so put it into your sourced shell file on the server side.

Be aware that users can change this themselves as it's just a envoronment variable.

trap "source ~/.zshrc" USR1
2012-11-03 07:24:03
User: ppaschka
Functions: trap
Tags: bash zsh

Put this in your zshrc, source it, then run 'pkill -usr1 zsh' to source it in all open terminals. Also works with bash. More info: http://www.reddit.com/r/commandline/comments/12g76v/how_to_automatically_source_zshrc_in_all_open/

rm -v *.(log|toc|aux|nav|snm|out|tex.backup|bbl|blg|bib.backup|vrb|lof|lot|hd|idx)(.e/'[[ -f ${REPLY:r}.tex ]]'/)
2012-09-18 20:49:28
User: xro
Functions: rm
Tags: rm zsh latex test

Uses zsh globbing syntax to safely remove all the files known to be generated by LaTeX, but only if there is actually a .tex source file with the same basename present. So we don't accidentally delete a .nav .log or .out file that has nothing to do with LaTeX, e/'[[ -f ${REPLY:r}.tex ]]'/ actually checks for the existance of a .tex file of the same name, beforehand.

A different way to do this, would be to glob all *.tex files and generate a globbing pattern from them:

TEXTEMPFILES=(*.tex(.N:s/%tex/'(log|toc|aux|nav|snm|out|tex.backup|bbl|blg|bib.backup|vrb|lof|lot|hd|idx)(.N)'/)) ; rm -v ${~TEXTEMPFILES}

or, you could use purge() from grml-etc-core ( http://github.com/grml/grml-etc-core/blob/master/usr_share_grml/zsh/functions/purge )