Hide

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.

Delete that bloated snippets file you've been using and share your personal repository with the world. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.


If you have a new feature suggestion or find a bug, please get in touch via http://commandlinefu.uservoice.com/

Get involved!

You can sign-in using OpenID credentials, or register a traditional username and password.

First-time OpenID users will be automatically assigned a username which can be changed after signing in.

Hide

Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for:

Hide

News

2011-03-12 - Confoo 2011 presentation
Slides are available from the commandlinefu presentation at Confoo 2011: http://presentations.codeinthehole.com/confoo2011/
2011-01-04 - Moderation now required for new commands
To try and put and end to the spamming, new commands require moderation before they will appear on the site.
2010-12-27 - Apologies for not banning the trolls sooner
Have been away from the interwebs over Christmas. Will be more vigilant henceforth.
2010-09-24 - OAuth and pagination problems fixed
Apologies for the delay in getting Twitter's OAuth supported. Annoying pagination gremlin also fixed.
Hide

Tags

Hide

Functions

Commands using awk from sorted by
Terminal - Commands using awk - 1,149 results
tar pcf - home | pv -s $(du -sb home | awk '{print $1}') --rate-limit 500k | gzip > /mnt/c/home.tar.gz
2010-04-02 15:29:03
User: Sail
Functions: awk du gzip tar
1

tar directory and compress it with showing progress and Disk IO limits. Pipe Viewer can be used to view the progress of the task, Besides, he can limit the disk IO, especially useful for running Servers.

ffmpeg -f alsa -itsoffset 00:00:02.000 -ac 2 -i hw:0,0 -f x11grab -s $(xwininfo -root | grep 'geometry' | awk '{print $2;}') -r 10 -i :0.0 -sameq -f mp4 -s wvga -y intro.mp4
2010-03-31 09:33:05
User: mohan43u
Functions: awk grep
4

Yet another x11grab using ffmpeg. I also added mic input to the capturing video stream using alsa. Yet I need to find out how to capture audio which is currently playing.

mysql -e"SHOW STATUS LIKE '%uptime%'"|awk '/ptime/{ calc = $NF / 3600;print $(NF-1), calc"Hour" }'
find . -type f -iname '*.msh' -exec ls -lG {} \; | awk '{total = total + $4}END{print "scale=2;" total "/2^20"}' | bc
ffmpeg -f x11grab -s `xdpyinfo | grep 'dimensions:'|awk '{print $2}'` -r 25 -i :0.0 -sameq /tmp/out.mpg > /root/howto/capture_screen_video_ffmpeg
TR=`free|grep Mem:|awk '{print $2}'`;ps axo rss,comm,pid|awk -v tr=$TR '{proc_list[$2]+=$1;} END {for (proc in proc_list) {proc_pct=(proc_list[proc]/tr)*100; printf("%d\t%-16s\t%0.2f%\n",proc_list[proc],proc,proc_pct);}}'|sort -n |tail -n 10
2010-03-27 01:34:50
User: d34dh0r53
Functions: awk grep sort tail
3

Prints the top 10 memory consuming processes (with children and instances aggregated) sorted by total RSS and calculates the percentage of total RAM each uses. Please note that since RSS can include shared libraries it is possible for the percentages to add up to more that the total amount of RAM, but this still gives you a pretty good idea. Also note that this does not work with the mawk version of awk, but it works fine with GNU Awk which is on most Linux systems. It also does not work on OS X.

ifconfig | awk '/inet addr/ &&! /127.0.0.1/{ gsub(/addr:/,""); print $2 }'
ps -ef |grep oracle |grep pmon |awk '{print $2}' |xargs -I {} ps eww {} |grep pmon |grep -v grep |awk '{print $5 " " $6 " " $0}' |sed 's/\(S*\) \(S*\) .*ORACLE_HOME/\1 \2/g' |cut -f1,2,3 -d" "
2010-03-23 20:36:59
User: brianmuckian
Functions: awk cut grep ps sed xargs
0

get a list of currently running oracle dbs (identified by the pmon process)

show the executable that spawned the process and

show the ORACLE_HOME relative to the environment within which the process is running

tailored to AIX (sed on linux behaves...differently)

suggestions for a better way...please.

WID=xprop -root | grep "_NET_ACTIVE_WINDOW(WINDOW)"| awk '{print $5}' xdotool windowfocus $WID xdotool key ctrl+shift+t wmctrl -i -a $WID
2010-03-22 08:34:24
User: drunkcoder
Functions: awk grep
-1

open a new tab in active gnome-terminal instance

needs sudo apt-get install xdotool

and sudo apt-get install wmctrl

ls -l | awk '{if (NR % 5 == 0) print "-- COMMIT --"; print}'
alias busy='my_file=$(find /usr/include -type f | sort -R | head -n 1); my_len=$(wc -l $my_file | awk "{print $1}"); let "r = $RANDOM % $my_len" 2>/dev/null; vim +$r $my_file'
2010-03-09 21:48:41
User: busybee
Functions: alias awk find head sort vim wc
22

This makes an alias for a command named 'busy'. The 'busy' command opens a random file in /usr/include to a random line with vim. Drop this in your .bash_aliases and make sure that file is initialized in your .bashrc.

git log -g --pretty=oneline | grep '}: commit' | awk '{print $1}' | head -1 | xargs git checkout -f
/sbin/route -n | grep "^0\.0\.0\.0" | awk '{ print $2 }'
netstat -nr | awk 'BEGIN {while ($3!="0.0.0.0") getline; print $2}'
2010-03-07 01:47:55
User: freethinker
Functions: awk netstat
1

This is to fetch the Gateway Ip Address of a machine. Use the below format to put the value in a variable if you wish to find the gateway ip in a script

GATEWAY=$(netstat -nr | awk 'BEGIN {while ($3!="0.0.0.0") getline; print $2}')
alias ips='ip a | awk '\''/inet /&&!/ lo/{print $NF,$2}'\'' | column -t'
2010-03-06 20:33:04
User: zolden
Functions: alias awk column
3

ifconfig can't properly display interface's name longer 9 symbols,also it can't show IPs added thru ip command, so 'ip' should be used instead. This alias properly shows long names, bond interfaces and all interface aliases. loopback interface is ignored, since its IP is obvious

lsof -p 1234 | grep -E "\.log$" | awk '{print $NF}'
2010-03-05 11:41:28
User: zlemini
Functions: awk grep
6

Uses lsof to display the full path of ".log" files opened by a specified PID.

(echo "" | xsel -o) ; (programa | wgetpaste -s dpaste | awk '{print $7}' | xsel -ai)
2010-03-05 09:31:30
User: dvinchi666
Functions: awk echo
Tags: pipes paste
-4

manda la salida de un comando hacia un servicio de paste y coloca la url de ese paste en el portapapeles

ip addr | awk '/inet / {sub(/\/.*/, "", $2); print $2}'
2010-03-04 14:21:18
User: markdrago
Functions: awk
0

ifconfig is dead, long-live iproute2

this also uses only awk to do the grepping and removal of CIDR notation

ifconfig | awk '/inet addr/ {print $2 }' | sed 's/.*://g'
2010-03-04 08:15:08
User: Guyverix
Functions: awk ifconfig sed
-2

Easy way to grab the IP address of a machine for easy script use. If needed a "| grep -v 127.0.0.1" at the end will suppress localhost.

ps axo rss,comm,pid | awk '{ proc_list[$2] += $1; } END { for (proc in proc_list) { printf("%d\t%s\n", proc_list[proc],proc); }}' | sort -n | tail -n 10
ps axo rss,comm,pid | awk '{ proc_list[$2]++; proc_list[$2 "," 1] += $1; } END { for (proc in proc_list) { printf("%d\t%s\n", proc_list[proc "," 1],proc); }}' | sort -n | tail -n 10
2010-03-03 16:41:05
User: d34dh0r53
Functions: awk ps sort tail
5

This command loops over all of the processes in a system and creates an associative array in awk with the process name as the key and the sum of the RSS as the value. The associative array has the effect of summing a parent process and all of it's children. It then prints the top ten processes sorted by size.

awk '/d[a-z]+$/{print $4}' /proc/partitions | xargs -i sudo hdparm -I /dev/{} | grep 'device size with M'
for I in $(awk '/d[a-z]+$/{print $4}' /proc/partitions); do sudo hdparm -I '/dev/'$I; done | grep 'device size with M'
2010-03-02 18:56:32
User: ElAlecs
Functions: awk grep hdparm size sudo
Tags: hdparm
0

I know this sucks in some way but if someone can improve it please be my guest

exp="(2+3.0)/7.0*2^2"; val=$(awk "BEGIN {print $exp}" /dev/null)
2010-03-01 02:47:22
User: JeffChen
Functions: awk
0

a simple trick to do floating point operations in shell, use awk. You can evaluate any complicated expressions which can be evaluated in C.

ifconfig | awk '/HWaddr/ { print $NF }'