Commands by 2chg (2)

  • Removes all lines between the lines containing "" and "", including these lines itself Backdrop: Sometimes when working with XML files without an graphical editor, large comment-/annotation-blocks taper the readability to walk through the file. I like to create a copy of such documents without these annotations. As the documentation itself is in documentation tags inside the annotation tags an therefore graphical editors tend to put the annotation tags in their own lines, this command removes all documentations within annotation-tags. Show Sample Output


    -1
    awk "/<xsd:annotation>/{h=1};!h;/<\/xsd:annotation>/{h=0}" annotatedSchema.xsd
    2chg · 2011-07-15 07:17:17 1
  • Improvement of the command "Find Duplicate Files (based on size first, then MD5 hash)" when searching for duplicate files in a directory containing a subversion working copy. This way the (multiple dupicates) in the meta-information directories are ignored. Can easily be adopted for other VCS as well. For CVS i.e. change ".svn" into ".csv": find -type d -name ".csv" -prune -o -not -empty -type f -printf "%s\n" | sort -rn | uniq -d | xargs -I{} -n1 find -type d -name ".csv" -prune -o -type f -size {}c -print0 | xargs -0 md5sum | sort | uniq -w32 --all-repeated=separate Show Sample Output


    2
    find -type d -name ".svn" -prune -o -not -empty -type f -printf "%s\n" | sort -rn | uniq -d | xargs -I{} -n1 find -type d -name ".svn" -prune -o -type f -size {}c -print0 | xargs -0 md5sum | sort | uniq -w32 --all-repeated=separate
    2chg · 2010-01-28 09:45:29 0

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cooking a list of numbers for calculation
When you've got a list of numbers each on its row, the ECHO command puts them on a simple line, separated by space. You can then substitute the spaces with an operator. Finally, pipe it to the BC program.

Remove specific versions of old kernels (Ubuntu/Debian)
If, for example, you want to remove all kernels and headers but the last three versions, you can't use one of that magic all-in-one "remove old stuff" commands. With this simple but elegant command you can remove a range of versions, or a list of versions with e.g. {14,16,20}.

Convert seconds to [DD:][HH:]MM:SS
Converts any number of seconds into days, hours, minutes and seconds. sec2dhms() { declare -i SS="$1" D=$(( SS / 86400 )) H=$(( SS % 86400 / 3600 )) M=$(( SS % 3600 / 60 )) S=$(( SS % 60 )) [ "$D" -gt 0 ] && echo -n "${D}:" [ "$H" -gt 0 ] && printf "%02g:" "$H" printf "%02g:%02g\n" "$M" "$S" }

Execute a command at a given time
This is an alternative to cron which allows a one-off task to be scheduled for a certain time.

grep across a git repo and open matching files in gedit

Ignore a directory in SVN, permanently
This command allow you to ignore certain directories on SVN commands, like SVN STATUS. It is sad see a lot of temporary files from templates_c for each "svn status", no? ;-) This works only on directories under revision control.

list block devices
Shows all block devices in a tree with descruptions of what they are.

Remove all zero size files from current directory (not recursive)

sum numbers in the file (or stdin)
add integers from the stdin and print out the result usually, cat /tmp/file | echo $(($(tr '\n' '+')0))

Convert CSV to JSON
Replace 'csv_file.csv' with your filename.


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