Commands by nnsense (8)

  • Docker's local man pages are (often) half of what you have online, so I wanted that as local man. Install lynx and run my oneliner, then use as follows: dockpage Adjust lynx's page width at will Show Sample Output


    0
    dockpage() { lynx -width=180 --dump https://docs.docker.com/v1.11/engine/reference/commandline/$1/ | sed -n '/^Usage/,/On this page/{/On this page/b;p}'; }
    nnsense · 2017-09-18 23:53:34 9
  • Usefull, for example, when many ports are exposed and the docker ps output looks cluttered. Show Sample Output


    0
    alias dockps='docker ps --format "table {{.ID}}\t{{.Image}}\t{{.Status}}\t{{.Names}}"'
    nnsense · 2017-09-18 23:46:47 5
  • Sometimes it's useful to output just the ip address. Or some other information, changing the "ipv4.addresses" in command. The power of awk! Show all possible "greps" with nmcli connection show [yourInterfaceNameHere] Show Sample Output


    2
    showip() { nmcli connection show $1|grep ipv4.addresses|awk '{print $2}' ; }
    nnsense · 2015-05-13 16:24:28 5
  • This is a common use of bind. Hitting any key after will output the key's character sequence. This makes possible using it into a bind command. So pressing ctrl+v and then F2 will output "^[[12~", once binded every time you'll press the function key F2 it will execute your command. Added the \n to make it execute it as well. Show Sample Output


    1
    bind '"<ctrl+v><functionKey>":"command\n"'
    nnsense · 2015-05-11 17:59:09 4
  • I copied this (let's be honest) somewhere on internet and I just made it as a function ready to be used as alias. It shows the 10 most used commands from history. This seems to be just another "most used commands from history", but hey.. this is a function!!! :D Show Sample Output


    1
    mosth() { history | awk '{CMD[$2]++;count++;}END { for (a in CMD)print CMD[a] " " CMD[a]/count*100 "% " a;}' | grep -v "./" | column -c3 -s " " -t | sort -nr | nl | head -n10; }
    nnsense · 2015-05-11 17:41:55 9
  • Many times I give the same commands in loop to find informations about a file. I use this as an alias to summarize that informations in a single command. Now with variables! :D Show Sample Output


    2
    fileinfo() { RPMQF=$(rpm -qf $1); RPMQL=$(rpm -ql $RPMQF);echo "man page:";whatis $(basename $1); echo "Services:"; echo -e "$RPMQL\n"|grep -P "\.service";echo "Config files:";rpm -qc $RPMQF;echo "Provided by:" $RPMQF; }
    nnsense · 2015-05-11 16:46:01 5
  • I use this as an alias to get all .service files related a single installed file/conf (if it has services, of course). For rpm based systems ;) Show Sample Output


    1
    qf2s() { rpm -ql $(rpm -qf $1)|grep -P "\.service"; }
    nnsense · 2015-05-11 16:32:16 1
  • Not really alternative, just giving a different behavior listing current directory if no directory given.


    0
    cdls() { if [[ $1 != "" ]] ; then cd $1; ls; else ls; fi };
    nnsense · 2015-05-11 15:52:09 4

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Debug a remote php application (behind firewall) using ssh tunnel for XDEBUG port 9000
If you need to xdebug a remote php application, which is behind a firewall, and you have an ssh daemon running on that machine. you can redirect port 9000 on that machine over to your local machine from which you run your xdebug client (I am using phpStorm) So, run this command on your local machine and start your local xdebug client, to start debugging. more info: http://code.google.com/p/spectator/wiki/Installing

Nicely display permissions in octal format with filename
Since the original command (#1873) didn't work on FreeBSD whose stat lacks the "-c" switch, I wrote an alternative that does. This command shows also the fourth digit of octal format permissions which yields the sticky bit information.

Get IPv4 of eth0 for use with scripts
I've been using it in a script to build from scratch proxy servers.

Summarize Apache Extended server-status to show longest running requests
Ever need to know why Apache is bogging down *right now*? Hate scanning Apache's Extended server-status for the longest running requests? Me, too. That's why I use this one liner to quickly find suspect web scripts that might need review. Assuming the Extended server-status is reachable at the target URL desired, this one-liner parses the output through elinks (rendering the HTML) and shows a list of active requests sorted by longest running request at the bottom of the list. I include the following fields (as noted in the header line): Seconds: How long the request is alive PID: Process ID of the request handler State: State of the request, limited to what I think are the relevant ones (GCRK_.) IP: Remote Host IP making the request Domain: Virtual Host target (HTTP/1.1 Host: header). Important for Virtual Hosting servers TYPE: HTTP verb URL: requested URL being served. Putting this in a script that runs when triggered by high load average can be quite revealing. Can also capture "forgotten" scripts being exploited such as "formmail.pl", etc.

Do some learning...

creeate file named after actual date
Create a file with actual date as filename

coloured shell prompt
This coloured prompt will show: username in green, grey "@" sign, hostname in red, current directory in yellow, typed commands in green.

get diskusage of files modified during the last n days
get diskusage of files (in this case logfiles in /var/log) modified during the last n days: $ sudo find /var/log/ -mtime -n -type f | xargs du -ch n -> last modified n*24 hours ago Numeric arguments can be specified as +n for greater than n, -n for less than n, n for exactly n. => so 7*24 hours (about 7 days) is -7 $ sudo find /var/log/ -mtime -7 -type f | xargs du -ch | tail -n1

Clone starred github repos in parallel with unlimited speed, this example will clone 25 repositories in parallel at same time.

Get AWS temporary credentials ready to export based on a MFA virtual appliance
You might want to secure your AWS operations requiring to use a MFA token. But then to use API or tools, you need to pass credentials generated with a MFA token. This commands asks you for the MFA code and retrieves these credentials using AWS Cli. To print the exports, you can use: `awk '{ print "export AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID=\"" $1 "\"\n" "export AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY=\"" $2 "\"\n" "export AWS_SESSION_TOKEN=\"" $3 "\"" }'` You must adapt the command line to include: * $MFA_IDis ARN of the virtual MFA or serial number of the physical one * TTL for the credentials


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