Commands tagged kernel (36)

  • after kernel build with make deb-pkg, I like to install the 4 newest packages that exist in the directory. Beware: might be fewer for you....

    sudo dpkg -i `ls -tr *.deb | tail -n4`
    _john · 2011-10-09 14:20:11 0
  • Gets the (previously obtainable with: finger ) info of the latest linux kernel versions available. Show Sample Output

    curl ''
    Testuser_01 · 2012-03-04 21:10:19 1
  • Well, this is quite useful for testing if your hardware watchdog is working properly.

    echo c > /proc/sysrq-trigger
    fangfufu · 2013-05-07 19:41:40 0
  • echo 1 > /proc/sys/sunrpc/nfs_debug && tail -f /var/log/messages to debug NFS issues.

    echo 1 > /proc/sys/sunrpc/nfs_debug
    harpo · 2014-08-12 14:40:55 2
  • Get newest kernel version by parsing the most bleeding-edge Makefile possible. Useful for doing things like writing live ebuilds and/or self-updating PKGBUILDs for testing purposes. Breakdown: * wget -qO - — retrieve Makefile and pipe to stdout * head -n5 — only the first 5 lines are relevant, that's where all the version variables are grep -E '\ \=\ [0-9]{1,}' — version variables always have an equals sign followed by a number * cut -d' ' -f3 — extract the individual numbers from the version variables * tr '\n' '.' — replace newlines with periods * sed -e "s/\.$// — remove trailing period Show Sample Output

    wget -qO - | head -n5 | grep -E '\ \=\ [0-9]{1,}' | cut -d' ' -f3 | tr '\n' '.' | sed -e "s/\.$//"
    realkstrawn93 · 2021-04-27 17:12:05 125
  • Whenever you compile a new kernel, there are always new modules. The best way to make sure you have the correct modules loaded when you boot is to add all your modules in the modules.autoload file (they will be commented) and uncomment all those modules you need. Also a good way to keep track of the available modules in your system. For other distros you may have to change the name of the file to /etc/modprobe.conf Show Sample Output

    find /lib/modules/`uname -r`/ -type f -iname '*.o' -or -iname '*.ko' |grep -i -o '[a-z0-9]*[-|_]*[0-9a-z]*\.ko$' |xargs -I {} echo '# {}' >>/etc/modules.autoload.d/kernel-2.6
    paragao · 2010-01-13 02:12:08 1
  • Disable randomisation address Show Sample Output

    echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/randomize_va_space
    gunslinger_ · 2010-07-11 16:42:42 0
  • Same as 7272 but that one was too dangerous so i added -P to prompt users to continue or cancel Note the double space: "...^ii␣␣linux-image-2..." Like 5813, but fixes two bugs: [1]This leaves the meta-packages 'linux-headers-generic' and 'linux-image-generic' alone so that automatic upgrades work correctly in the future. [2]Kernels newer than the currently running one are left alone (this can happen if you didn't reboot after installing a new kernel).

    sudo aptitude remove -P $(dpkg -l|awk '/^ii linux-image-2/{print $2}'|sed 's/linux-image-//'|awk -v v=`uname -r` 'v>$0'|sed 's/-generic//'|awk '{printf("linux-headers-%s\nlinux-headers-%s-generic\nlinux-image-%s-generic\n",$0,$0,$0)}')
    Bonster · 2011-04-25 05:19:57 0
  • Fetches latest stable release version from first entry between tags Show Sample Output

    curl -s -k | sed -n -e 's@.*<guid>\(.*\)</guid>.*@\1@p' | grep 'stable' | head -1 | awk -F , '{print $3}'
    Wafelijzer · 2013-12-17 23:59:27 1

  • -4
    aptitude purge linux-image | grep ^i | grep -v $(uname -r)
    lgallardo · 2010-06-11 22:20:42 2
  • Display the machine "hardware name" 32 or 64 bit. "x86_64" is shown on 64 bit machines "i686" is typically shown on 32 bit machines (although, you might also see "i386" or "i586" on older Linuxen). On other "unix-like" systems, other hardware names will be displayed. For example, on AIX, "uname -m" gives the "machine sequence number". For whatever reason, IBM decided that "uname -M" would give the machine type and model. (ref: ) On Sun Solaris, "uname -m" can be used to determine the chip type and "isainfo -v" will reveal if the kernel is 64 or 32 bit. (ref: ) A more reliable way to determine "64-bit ness" across different Unix type systems is to compile the following simple C program: cat <<eeooff > bits.c /* * program bits.c * purpose Display "32" or "64" according to machine type * written January 2013 * reference */ /* hmm, curious that angle-brackets removed by data input processing? */ #include "/usr/include/stdio.h" long lv = 0xFFFFFFFF; main ( ) { printf("%2d\n",(lv < 0)?32:64); } eeooff Compile and run thusly: cc -o bits bits.c; ./bits Show Sample Output

    uname -m # display machine "hardware name"
    mpb · 2013-01-04 11:46:43 0
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delay: a simple scheduler
the "delay" utility is an invaluable tool for me. with gnu-screen it allows you to schedule something and have it run and output to the current terminal, unlike "at". You can also use it like "sleep" with seconds and also with date: delay until 13:33 friday && echo test get it from: (author: Tom Rothamel)

Convert seconds to [DD:][HH:]MM:SS
Converts any number of seconds into days, hours, minutes and seconds. sec2dhms() { declare -i SS="$1" D=$(( SS / 86400 )) H=$(( SS % 86400 / 3600 )) M=$(( SS % 3600 / 60 )) S=$(( SS % 60 )) [ "$D" -gt 0 ] && echo -n "${D}:" [ "$H" -gt 0 ] && printf "%02g:" "$H" printf "%02g:%02g\n" "$M" "$S" }

Check syntax of remote ruby file

Limit bandwidth usage by apt-get
Limits the usage of bandwidth by apt-get, in the example the command will use 30Kb/s ;) It should work for most apt-get actions (install, update, upgrade, dist-upgrade, etc.)

Normalize volume in your mp3 library
This normalizes volume in your mp3 library, but uses mp3gain's "album" mode. This applies a gain change to all files from each directory (which are presumed to be from the same album) - so their volume relative to one another is changed, while the average album volume is normalized. This is done because if one track from an album is quieter or louder than the others, it was probably meant to be that way.

small CPU benchmark with PI, bc and time.
$ # 4 cores with 2500 pi digits $ CPUBENCH 4 2500 $. $ every core will use 100% cpu and you can see how fast they calculate it. $ if you do 50000 digitits and more it can take hours or days

Customize time format of 'ls -l'
the --time-style argument to 'ls' takes several possible modifiers: full-iso, long-iso, iso, locale, +FORMAT. The +FORMAT modifier uses the same syntax as date +FORMAT. --time-style=+"%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S" strikes a happy medium between accuracy and verbosity: $ ls -lart --time-style=long-iso doesn't show time down to the nearest second, $ ls -lart --time-style=full-iso displays time to 10E-9 second resolution, but with no significant digits past the full seconds, also showing the timezone: $ -rw-r--r-- 1 bchittenden bchittenden 0 2011-02-10 12:07:55.000000000 -0500 bar

Piping Microphone Audio Over Netcat
Send microphone audio to another computer using netcat and arecord. Connect to the stream using "nc [other ip] 3333|aplay" You can set up two-way communication by piping audio the reverse direction on another port: Machine #1: $arecord -D hw:0,0 -f S16_LE -c2|nc -l 3333 &;nc -l 3334|aplay Machine #2: $$ip=[machine1_ip];arecord -D hw:0,0 -f S16_LE -c2|nc $ip 3334 &;nc $ip 3333|aplay

remove execute bit only from files. recursively

Set laptop display brightness
Run as root. Path may vary depending on laptop model and video card (this was tested on an Acer laptop with ATI HD3200 video). $ cat /proc/acpi/video/VGA/LCD/brightness to discover the possible values for your display.

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