Commands tagged symbolic link (5)

  • This command finds and prints all the symbolic and hard links to a file. Note that the file argument itself be a link and it will find the original file as well. You can also do this with the inode number for a file or directory by first using stat or ls or some other tool to get the number like so: stat -Lc %i file or ls -Hid file And then using: find -L / -inum INODE_NUMBER -exec ls -ld {} +


    17
    find -L / -samefile /path/to/file -exec ls -ld {} +
    eightmillion · 2011-04-27 06:14:15 3
  • Tested with GNU and BSD ls. Show Sample Output


    1
    ls -la | grep ^l
    gatopan · 2014-08-11 03:06:48 0

  • 1
    cd -P .
    snipertyler · 2014-12-16 15:39:29 0
  • The "type" builtin command is handy to find out what executable will be used if you issue a command. But on some distros, particularly when using /etc/alternatives, certain executables get buried under layers and layers of symbolic links and it becomes hard to find which one. If you put the above command in your .bashrc, it adds a "-c" option to the type command that will weed through the symbolic links and prints the actual file that will be executed. Show Sample Output


    0
    type () { if [ "$1" = "-c" ]; then shift; for f in "$@"; do ff=$(builtin type -p "$f"); readlink -f "$ff"; done; else builtin type $typeopts "$@"; fi; }
    splante · 2011-04-07 18:57:51 0
  • This command stores data in the following files: files.txt, links.txt Find and read all symbolic links in /path1 and stores list in links.txt find /path1 -type l -exec readlink -f {} \; > links.txt Find all files in /path2 and stores list in files.txt find /path2 -type f > files.txt && Displays lines in files.txt that do not exist in links.txt grep -Fxv -f links.txt files.txt Show Sample Output


    0
    find /path1 -type l -exec readlink -f {} \; > links.txt && find /path2 -type f > files.txt && grep -Fxv -f links.txt files.txt
    codedecay · 2016-03-19 04:53:33 0

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.

Share Your Commands


Check These Out

Check if running in an X session
If you want to display a dialog (using xdialog/kdialog/zenity) you need to make sure that you have a valid X session. Checks for the existence of the DISPLAY variable.

Recursively move folders/files and preserve their permissions and ownership perfectly

find and delete empty dirs, start in current working dir
A quick way to find and delete empty dirs, it starts in the current working directory. If you do find . -empty -type d you will see what could be removed, or to a test run.

Revert an SVN file to previous revision
Kudos to xakon.

Join lines
This command turns a multi-line file into a single line joined with <SOMETEXT>. To skip blank lines, use: $ perl -pe '(eof()||s/^\s*$//)||s/\n//g' file.txt

Edit a file inside a compressed archive without extracting it
If you vim a compressed file it will list all archive content, then you can pickup any of them for editing and saving. There you have the modified archive without any extra step. It supports many file types such as tar.gz, tgz, zip, etc.

Save your open windows to a file so they can be opened after you restart
This will save your open windows to a file (~/.windows). To start those applications: $ cat ~/.windows | while read line; do $line &; done Should work on any EWMH/NetWM compatible X Window Manager. If you use DWM or another Window Manager not using EWMH or NetWM try this: $ xwininfo -root -children | grep '^ ' | grep -v children | grep -v '' | sed -n 's/^ *\(0x[0-9a-f]*\) .*/\1/p' | uniq | while read line; do xprop -id $line _NET_WM_PID | sed -n 's/.* = \([0-9]*\)$/\1/p'; done | uniq -u | grep -v '^$' | while read line; do ps -o cmd= $line; done > ~/.windows

easily find megabyte eating files or directories

find files beginning with filename* that do not include "string"
Inverse grep, to find files without the string

What is my ip?


Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for: