Commands tagged type (8)

  • 5 helpful aliases for using the which utility, specifically for the GNU which (2.16 tested) that is included in coreutils. Which is run first for a command. Same as type builtin minus verbosity alias which='{ command alias; command declare -f; } | command which --read-functions --read-alias' Which (a)lias alias whicha='command alias | command which --read-alias' Which (f)unction alias whichf='command declare -f | command which --read-functions' Which e(x)ecutable file in PATH alias whichx='command which' Which (all) alias, function, builtin, and files in PATH alias whichall='{ command alias; command declare -f; } | command which --read-functions --read-alias -a' # From my .bash_profile http://www.askapache.com/linux-unix/bash_profile-functions-advanced-shell.html Show Sample Output


    2
    alias whichall='{ command alias; command declare -f; } | command which --read-functions --read-alias -a'
    AskApache · 2010-11-18 03:32:04 6
  • Prints a string indicating whether a command is an alias, keyword, function, builtin, or file. I have used this in my BASH scripts to allow an external parameter to define which function to run, and ensure that it is a valid function that can indeed be run. Show Sample Output


    1
    type -t $1
    bbbco · 2012-01-10 21:57:29 3
  • Please be careful while executing the following command as you don?t want to delete the files by mistake. The best practice is to execute the same command with ls ?l to make sure you know which files will get deleted when you execute the command with rm.


    0
    find / -type f -name *.tar.gz -size +10M -exec ls -l {} \;
    0disse0 · 2010-06-29 12:39:02 4
  • print sum of disk usage for filetype within current dir and subdirs Show Sample Output


    0
    find . -name '*.xml' -type f -print | xargs du -ch
    nathwill · 2011-03-22 00:47:42 4
  • The "type" builtin command is handy to find out what executable will be used if you issue a command. But on some distros, particularly when using /etc/alternatives, certain executables get buried under layers and layers of symbolic links and it becomes hard to find which one. If you put the above command in your .bashrc, it adds a "-c" option to the type command that will weed through the symbolic links and prints the actual file that will be executed. Show Sample Output


    0
    type () { if [ "$1" = "-c" ]; then shift; for f in "$@"; do ff=$(builtin type -p "$f"); readlink -f "$ff"; done; else builtin type $typeopts "$@"; fi; }
    splante · 2011-04-07 18:57:51 3
  • Will find and list all core files from the current directory on. You can pass | xargs rm -i to be prompted for the removal if you'd like to double check before removal.


    0
    find . -type f -regex ".*/core.[0-9][0-9][0-9][0-9]$"
    H3liUS · 2014-01-17 16:44:47 4

  • 0
    file file.txt
    lolssl · 2015-10-01 19:40:49 6
  • Prints the type of computer you have. I think this should be used more in distros and other applications because it is so easy to get. This can also be asked by tutorials as an easy way to get your base hardware. Some alternatives: sudo dmidecode -s system-product-name and sudo smbios-sys-info-lite | sed -n 's/^Product Name: *\(.*\)/\1/p' Show Sample Output


    -2
    cat /sys/devices/virtual/dmi/id/board_name
    matthewbauer · 2010-04-22 03:21:40 6

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disable history for current shell session
this will cause any commands that you have executed in the current shell session to not be written in your bash_history file upon logout

Which processes are listening on a specific port (e.g. port 80)
swap out "80" for your port of interest. Can use port number or named ports e.g. "http"

backup and synchronize entire remote folder locally (curlftpfs and rsync over FTP using FUSE FS)
connect to a remote server using ftp protocol over FUSE file system, then rsync the remote folder to a local one and then unmount the remote ftp server (FUSE FS) it can be divided to 3 different commands and you should have curlftpfs and rsync installed

Detect illegal access to kernel space, potentially useful for Meltdown detection
Based on capsule8 agent examples, not rigorously tested

Write comments to your history.
A null operation with the name 'comment', allowing comments to be written to HISTFILE. Prepending '#' to a command will *not* write the command to the history file, although it will be available for the current session, thus '#' is not useful for keeping track of comments past the current session.

Convert all .flac from a folder subtree in 192Kb mp3
find . -type f -iname '*.flac' # searches from the current folder recursively for .flac audio files | # the output (a .flac audio files with relative path from ./ ) is piped to while read FILE; do FILENAME="${FILE%.*}"; flac -cd "$FILE" | lame -b 192 - "${FILENAME}.mp3"; done # for each line on the list: # FILE gets the file with .flac extension and relative path # FILENAME gets FILE without the .flac extension # run flac for that FILE with output piped to lame conversion to mp3 using 192Kb bitrate

find sparse files
Prints the path/filename and sparseness of any sparse files (files that use less actual space than their total size because the filesystem treats large blocks of 00 bytes efficiently).

Terminal - Show directories in the PATH, one per line with sed and bash3.X `here string'

Get Futurama quotations from slashdot.org servers

Simple XML tag extract with sed
Limited, but useful construct to extract text embedded in XML tags. This will only work if bar is all on one line. If nobody posts an alternative for the multiline sed version, I'll figure it out later...


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