Commands tagged hardware (17)

  • Yields entries in the form of "/dev/hda1" etc. Use this if you are on a new system and don't know how the storage hardware (ide, sata, scsi, usb - with ever changing descriptors) is connected and which partitions are available. Far better than using "fdisk -l" on guessed device descriptors. Show Sample Output


    13
    hwinfo --block --short
    Schneckentreiber · 2009-04-24 11:13:31 4
  • Loop is needed if you have more then one card. Show Sample Output


    4
    for I in `/sbin/lspci |awk '/VGA/{print $1}'`;do /sbin/lspci -v -s $I;done
    houghi · 2010-10-26 19:02:26 0
  • This command lists the names of your USB devices connected and what file in /dev they are using. It's pretty useful if you don't have an automount option in your desktop or you don't have any graphical enviroment. Show Sample Output


    2
    ls -la /dev/disk/by-id/usb-*
    casidiablo · 2009-11-25 16:02:06 0
  • This command tell you if your hardware is 32 or 64 bits even if you install a 32bits OS on a 64 bits hardware. If your distro don't support the -q switch, try doing : grep &>/dev/null '\<lm\>' /proc/cpuinfo && echo 64 bits || echo 32 bits


    2
    grep -q '\<lm\>' /proc/cpuinfo && echo 64 bits || echo 32 bits
    sputnick · 2013-02-09 13:01:36 0
  • probably only works if you have one graphics card. used this: http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/howto-find-linux-vga-video-card-ram/ as reference can be expanded, for example: lspci -v -s `lspci | awk '/VGA/{print $1}'` | sed -n '/Memory.*, prefetchable/s/.*\[size=\([^]]\+\)\]/\1/p' will just get the amount of prefetchable memory compare to: lshw -C display which does not give the size (it does give byte ranges and you could calculate the size from that, but that's a pain) Also uses a command which is not standard on linux; wheras lspci is a core utility provided by most systems Show Sample Output


    1
    lspci -v -s `lspci | awk '/VGA/{print $1}'`
    infinull · 2010-10-26 17:45:14 1
  • Find installed network devices. Show Sample Output


    1
    sudo lshw -C network
    cantormath · 2012-06-07 10:32:49 0

  • 1
    dbus-send --session --print-reply --dest="org.gnome.SettingsDaemon" /org/gnome/SettingsDaemon/Power org.gnome.SettingsDaemon.Power.Screen.SetPercentage uint32:30
    totti · 2013-02-04 11:21:07 0
  • CPU flags: rm --> 16-bit processor (real mode) tm --> 32-bit processor (? mode) lm --> 64-bit processor (long mode)


    1
    cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep " lm " > /dev/null && echo 64 bits || echo 32 bits
    agd · 2013-02-11 22:54:26 0
  • Formats the output from `ioreg` into XML, then parses the XML with `xmllint`'s xpath feature. Show Sample Output


    1
    ioreg -ad2 -c IOPlatformExpertDevice | xmllint --xpath '//key[.="IOPlatformUUID"]/following-sibling::*[1]/text()' -
    n8felton · 2018-08-18 21:19:47 2
  • Avoids cat abuse ;)


    0
    grep " lm " /proc/cpuinfo > /dev/null && echo "64-bit" || echo "32-bit"
    MrCode · 2013-02-19 21:40:44 0
  • Info about Bluetooth devices. Show Sample Output


    0
    hciconfig;hciconfig -a hci0;lsmod |grep bt;dmesg | grep tooth
    FadeMind · 2013-08-21 12:29:23 1
  • Gets the Hardware UUID of the current machine using system_profiler. Show Sample Output


    0
    system_profiler SPHardwareDataType | awk '/UUID/ { print $3; }'
    thealanberman · 2014-07-25 06:54:40 0

  • 0
    ioreg -d2 -c IOPlatformExpertDevice | awk -F\" '/IOPlatformUUID/{print $(NF-1)}'
    n8felton · 2018-08-18 21:18:20 0

  • -1
    ioreg -lw0 | grep IODisplayEDID | sed "/[^<]*</s///" | xxd -p -r | strings -6
    unixmonkey4003 · 2009-05-29 18:52:12 0

  • -1
    uname -m
    wee0x1b · 2013-02-15 17:23:44 0
  • Prints the type of computer you have. I think this should be used more in distros and other applications because it is so easy to get. This can also be asked by tutorials as an easy way to get your base hardware. Some alternatives: sudo dmidecode -s system-product-name and sudo smbios-sys-info-lite | sed -n 's/^Product Name: *\(.*\)/\1/p' Show Sample Output


    -2
    cat /sys/devices/virtual/dmi/id/board_name
    matthewbauer · 2010-04-22 03:21:40 4
  • CPU flags: rm --> 16-bit processor (real mode) tm --> 32-bit processor (? mode) lm --> 64-bit processor (long mode)


    -4
    if [[ lm = $(cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep " lm ") ]] ; then echo "64 bits" ; else echo "32 bits" ; fi
    agd · 2013-02-11 22:40:46 0

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Nginx - print all optional modules before compilation
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Function that outputs dots every second until command completes
Very useful in shell scripts because you can run a task nicely in the background using job-control and output progress until it completes. Here's an example of how I use it in backup scripts to run gpg in the background to encrypt an archive file (which I create in this same way). $! is the process ID of the last run command, which is saved here as the variable PI, then sleeper is called with the process id of the gpg task (PI), and sleeper is also specified to output : instead of the default . every 3 seconds instead of the default 1. So a shorter version would be sleeper $!; The wait is also used here, though it may not be needed on your system. $ echo ">>> ENCRYPTING SQL BACKUP" $ gpg --output archive.tgz.asc --encrypt archive.tgz 1>/dev/null & $ PI=$!; sleeper $PI ":" 3; wait $PI && rm archive.tgz &>/dev/null Previously to get around the $! not always being available, I would instead check for the existance of the process ID by checking if the directory /proc/$PID existed, but not everyone uses proc anymore. That version is currently the one at http://www.askapache.com/linux-unix/bash_profile-functions-advanced-shell.html but I plan on upgrading to this new version soon.

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