Commands by bbbco (13)

  • Plain old `unzip` won't unzip output coming from STDOUT the ZIP file format includes a directory (index) at the end of the archive. This directory says where, within the archive each file is located and thus allows for quick, random access, without reading the entire archive. This would appear to pose a problem when attempting to read a ZIP archive through a pipe, in that the index is not accessed until the very end and so individual members cannot be correctly extracted until after the file has been entirely read and is no longer available. As such it appears unsurprising that most ZIP decompressors simply fail when the archive is supplied through a pipe. The directory at the end of the archive is not the only location where file meta information is stored in the archive. In addition, individual entries also include this information in a local file header, for redundancy purposes. From the `jar` manpage: > The jar command is a general-purpose archiving and compression tool, based on ZIP and the ZLIB compression format. JAR is smart enough to know how to handle these local file headers when the index is unavailable when reading through the pipe. (Most of the explanation in this description is taken from https://serverfault.com/a/589528/314226 , though they recommend using `bsdtar`, but that is not always available on systems) Show Sample Output


    0
    cat foo.zip | jar xv
    bbbco · 2019-01-14 22:08:19 22
  • Use dots to cd down directories instead of having to remember all of the pesky back slashes! Better yet, works on even and odd number of dots! Now, just estimate how far down you want to traverse. Show Sample Output


    1
    for i in {1..6};do c=;d=;for u in `eval echo {1..$i}`;do c="$c../";d="$d..";eval "$d(){ cd $c;}"; eval "$d.(){ cd $c;}";done;done
    bbbco · 2013-09-04 20:12:45 5

  • 12
    sudo dmidecode | grep Product
    bbbco · 2012-02-07 16:26:23 11
  • If you have ever edited a locally checked out version of a file to tweak it for testing purposes, and came back to it over a weekend, you might have forgotten what you exactly changed. This command helps you see the differences between the the checked in SVN version, and the one you tweaked. Show Sample Output


    0
    svn diff <FILE>
    bbbco · 2012-01-30 16:47:48 12
  • Ever need to get some text that is a specific number of characters long? Use this function to easily generate it! Doesn't look pretty, but sure does work for testing purposes! Show Sample Output


    0
    genRandomText() { a=( a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z );f=0;for i in $(seq 1 $(($1-1))); do r=$(($RANDOM%26)); if [ "$f" -eq 1 -a $(($r%$i)) -eq 0 ]; then echo -n " ";f=0;continue; else f=1;fi;echo -n ${a[$r]};done;echo"";}
    bbbco · 2012-01-20 21:18:16 2
  • Prints a string indicating whether a command is an alias, keyword, function, builtin, or file. I have used this in my BASH scripts to allow an external parameter to define which function to run, and ensure that it is a valid function that can indeed be run. Show Sample Output


    1
    type -t $1
    bbbco · 2012-01-10 21:57:29 3
  • Use the -a flag to display all files, including hidden files. If you just want to display regular files, use a -1 (yes, that is the number one). Got this by RTFM and adding some sed magic. [bbbco@bbbco-dt ~]$ ls -a | sed "s#^#${PWD}/#" /home/bbbco/. /home/bbbco/.. /home/bbbco/2011-09-01-00-33-02.073-VirtualBox-2934.log /home/bbbco/2011-09-10-09-49-57.004-VirtualBox-2716.log /home/bbbco/.adobe /home/bbbco/.bash_history /home/bbbco/.bash_logout /home/bbbco/.bash_profile /home/bbbco/.bashrc ... [bbbco@bbbco-dt ~]$ ls -1 | sed "s#^#${PWD}/#" /home/bbbco/2011-09-01-00-33-02.073-VirtualBox-2934.log /home/bbbco/2011-09-10-09-49-57.004-VirtualBox-2716.log /home/bbbco/cookies.txt /home/bbbco/Desktop /home/bbbco/Documents /home/bbbco/Downloads ... Show Sample Output


    -9
    ls -a | sed "s#^#${PWD}/#"
    bbbco · 2011-12-16 22:19:06 4
  • Sometimes you need the full path to your script, regardless of how it was executed (which starting directory) in order to maintain other relative paths in the script. If you attempt to just use something simple like: STARTING_DIR="${0%/*}" you will only get the relative path depending on where you first executed the script from. You can get the relative path to the script (from your starting point) by using dirname, but you actually have to change directories and print the working directory to get the absolute full path. Show Sample Output


    0
    STARTING_DIR=$(cd $(dirname $0) && pwd)
    bbbco · 2011-11-30 17:35:15 4
  • Get a listing of all of your databases in Postgres and their sizes, ordering by the largest size first. Requires that you give the -d parameter a valid database name that you can connect to. Show Sample Output


    6
    psql -c "SELECT pg_database.datname, pg_database_size(pg_database.datname), pg_size_pretty(pg_database_size(pg_database.datname)) FROM pg_database ORDER BY pg_database_size DESC;" -d <ANYDBNAME>
    bbbco · 2011-11-30 15:22:48 4
  • Even simpler! Use du ... the -s and -c flags summarize and print a grand total of all files recursively. The -b flag prints in byte format. You can use the -h flag instead to print in human readable format. Show Sample Output


    2
    du -scb
    bbbco · 2011-06-27 14:20:11 90
  • Ever need to erase the contents of a file and start over from scratch? This easy command allows you to do so. Be warned! This will immediately erase all the contents of your file and start you over from scratch (i.e. your file will be at 0 bytes, like if you touch a file). Show Sample Output


    -3
    > [filename]
    bbbco · 2011-05-18 14:59:02 5
  • This is just a slight alternative that wraps all of #7917 in a function that can be executed Show Sample Output


    2
    anagram(){ s(){ sed 's/./\n\0/g'<<<$1|sort;};cmp -s <(s $1) <(s $2)||echo -n "not ";echo anagram; }; anagram foobar farboo;
    bbbco · 2011-02-17 15:10:43 3
  • Sets an alias to remote desktop to the specified console, along with options to ensure the RDP session takes up the whole screen, includes a home directory mapping, and clipboard mappings. Show Sample Output


    0
    alias rdp='rdesktop -u <user> -g 1600x1200 -D -r disk:home=/home -r clipboard:PRIMARYCLIPBOARD'
    bbbco · 2011-02-04 16:22:49 2

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prints the parameter you used on the previous command

An alias to select a portion of your desktop and save it as an image.

Find usb device in realtime
Using this command you can track a moment when usb device was attached.

put all lines in comment where de word DEBUG is found

Make a playlistfile for mpg321 or other CLI player
A short variant if you have only one directory whit only audio files in it.

sends your internal IP by email
This is useful if you have need to do port forwarding and your router doesn't assign static IPs, you can add it to a script in a cron job that checks if you IP as recently changed or with a trigger script. This was tested on Mac OSX.

List the Sizes of Folders and Directories

floating point operations in shell scripts
allows you to use floating point operations in shell scripts

Repeat a command until stopped
In this case it runs the command 'curl localhost:3000/site/sha' waiting the amount of time in sleep, ie: 1 second between runs, appending each run to the console. This works well for any command where the output is less than your line width This is unlike watch, because watch always clears the display.

Run TOP in Color, split 4 ways for x seconds - the ultimate ps command. Great for init scripts
One of my favorite ways to impress newbies (and old hats) to the power of the shell, is to give them an incredibly colorful and amazing version of the top command that runs once upon login, just like running fortune on login. It's pretty sweet believe me, just add this one-liner to your ~/.bash_profile -- and of course you can set the height to be anything, from 1 line to 1000! $ G=$(stty -g);stty rows $((${LINES:-50}/2));top -n1; stty $G;unset G Doesn't take more than the below toprc file I've added below, and you get all 4 top windows showing output at the same time.. each with a different color scheme, and each showing different info. Each window would normally take up 1/4th of your screen when run like that - TOP is designed as a full screen program. But here's where you might learn something new today on this great site.. By using the stty command to change the terminals internal understanding of the size of your terminal window, you force top to also think that way as well. # save the correct settings to G var. $ G=$(stty -g) # change the number of rows to half the actual amount, or 50 otherwise $ stty rows $((${LINES:-50}/2)) # run top non-interactively for 1 second, the output stays on the screen (half at least) $ top -n1 # reset the terminal back to the correct values, and clean up after yourself $ stty $G;unset G This trick from my [ http://www.askapache.com/linux-unix/bash_profile-functions-advanced-shell.html bash_profile ], though the online version will be updated soon. Just think what else you could run like this! Note 1: I had to edit the toprc file out due to this site can't handle that (uploads/including code). So you can grab it from [ http://www.askapache.com/linux-unix/bash-power-prompt.html my site ] Note 2: I had to come back and edit again because the links weren't being correctly parsed


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