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Commands using read from sorted by
Terminal - Commands using read - 279 results
IFS=$'\n'; i=1; ls -lt *mp3 | cut -d ":" -f2 | cut -d " " -f2- | while read f; do mv "$f" $(echo "$i"."$f"); ((i++)); done
2011-01-22 00:21:12
User: m1cawber
Functions: cut echo ls mv read
0

i use this after ripping internet radio streams to number the files as they originally played (even though streamripper can do this with -q).

to number other types of files, or all files, just change the *mp3. to rename directories only you could use

... ls -lt | grep ^d | cut -d ":" -f2 | cut -d " " -f2- | while read ...

echo -en "$USER@$HOSTNAME:${PWD##*/}> ";while read x;do echo $x>>/tmp/log.txt;echo $x|$0 2>&1;echo -en "$USER@$HOSTNAME:${PWD##*/}> ";done
bargs { while read i; do "$@" "$i"; done }
exipick -zi | while read x ; do exim -dM "$x"; sleep 1;done
2011-01-04 20:17:30
User: alustenberg
Functions: read sleep
Tags: exim
0

can also be invoked as 'exipick -zi | exim -dM' if you do not need/want the delay between flushes.

grep -i "$*" /usr/lib/perl5/Unicode/CharName.pm | while read a b; do /usr/bin/printf "\u$a\tU+%s\t%s\n" "$b"; done
2011-01-04 11:30:16
User: ioggstream
Functions: grep read
1

No need for further filedes or substitution for splitting. Simply use read a b

$ find . -iname *.mp3 | while read line ; do ln -s "$line" $(echo -e "$line" | openssl md5).mp3 ; done ; mpg123 *.mp3
egrep -i "^[0-9a-f]{4,} .*$*" $(locate CharName.pm) | while read h d; do /usr/bin/printf "\U$(printf "%08x" 0x$h)\tU+%s\t%s\n" $h "$d"; done
2010-12-31 16:47:59
User: hackerb9
Functions: egrep locate read
12

[Update! Thanks to a tip from ioggstream, I've fixed both of the bugs mentioned below.]

You, yes, 𝙔𝙊𝙐, can be the terror of the Internet! Why use normal, boring bullet points in your text, when you could use a ROTATED HEAVY BLACK HEART BULLET (❥)!? (Which would also be an awesome band name, by the way).



This script makes it easy to find unusual characters from the command line. You can then cut and paste them or, if you're using a GTK application, type Control+Shift+U followed by the code point number (e.g., 2765) and then a SPACE.



USAGE: Put this script in a file (I called mine "ugrep") and make it executable. Run it from the command line like so,



ugrep heart



The output will look like this,



☙ U+2619 REVERSED ROTATED FLORAL HEART BULLET

♡ U+2661 WHITE HEART SUIT

♥ U+2665 BLACK HEART SUIT

❣ U+2763 HEAVY HEART EXCLAMATION MARK ORNAMENT

❤ U+2764 HEAVY BLACK HEART

❥ U+2765 ROTATED HEAVY BLACK HEART BULLET

❦ U+2766 FLORAL HEART

❧ U+2767 ROTATED FLORAL HEART BULLET

⺖ U+2E96 CJK RADICAL HEART ONE

⺗ U+2E97 CJK RADICAL HEART TWO

⼼ U+2F3C KANGXI RADICAL HEART



You can, of course, use regular expressions. For example, if you are looking for the "pi" symbol, you could do this:



ugrep '\bpi\b'



REQUIREMENTS: Although this is written in Bash, it assumes you have Perl installed because it greps through the Perl Unicode character name module (/usr/lib/perl5/Unicode/CharName.pm). Note that it would not have made more sense to write this in Perl, since the CharName.pm module doesn't actually include a subroutine for looking up a character based on the description. (Weird.)



BUGS: In order to fit this script in the commandlinefu limits, a couple bugs were added. ① Astral characters beyond the BMP (basic multilingual plane) are not displayed correctly, but see below. ② Perl code from the perl module being grepped is sometimes extraneously matched.



MISFEATURES: Bash's printf cannot, given a Unicode codepoint, print the resulting character to the terminal. GNU's coreutils printf (usually "/usr/bin/printf") can do so, but it is brokenly pedantic about how many hexadecimal digits follow the escape sequence and will actually die with an error if you give the wrong number. This is especially annoying since Unicode code points are usually variable length with implied leading zeros. The CharNames.pm file represents BMP characters as 4 hexits, but astral characters as 5. In the actual version of this script that I use, I've kludged around this misfeature by zero-padding to 8 hexits like so,



/usr/bin/printf "\U$(printf "%08x" 0x$hex)"



TIP 1: The author recommends "xsel" for command line cut-and-paste. For example,



ugrep biohazard | xsel



TIP 2: In Emacs, instead of running this command in a subshell, you can type Unicode code points directly by pressing Control-Q first, but you'll likely want to change the default input from octal to hexadecimal. (setq read-quoted-char-radix 16).



TIP 3: Of course, if you're using X, and you want to type one of the more common unusual characters, it's easiest of all to do it with your Compose (aka Multi) key. For example, hitting [Compose] <3 types ♥.

mycommand 2> >(while read line; do echo -e "\e[01;31m$line\e[0m"; done)
2010-12-30 21:42:42
User: confiq
Functions: echo read
Tags: color stderr
19

in case you run some command in CLI and would like to take read strerr little bit better, you can use the following command. It's also possible to grep it if necessary....

wget -qO - http://ngrams.googlelabs.com/datasets | grep -E href='(.+\.zip)' | sed -r "s/.*href='(.+\.zip)'.*/\1/" | uniq | while read line; do `wget $line`; done
alias -g R=' &; jobs | tail -1 | read A0 A1 A2 cmd; echo "running $cmd"; fg "$cmd"; zenity --info --text "$cmd done"; unset A0 A1 A2 cmd'
2010-12-13 17:44:36
User: pipeliner
Functions: alias echo fg jobs read tail unset
1

make, find and a lot of other programs can take a lot of time. And can do not. Supppose you write a long, complicated command and wonder if it will be done in 3 seconds or 20 minutes. Just add "R" (without quotes) suffix to it and you can do other things: zsh will inform you when you can see the results.

You can replace zenity with other X Window dialogs program.

read -a ARR <<<'world domination now!'; echo ${ARR[2]};
read -a A<<<".*.**..*....*** 8 9 5 10 6 0 2 11 7 4";for C in `date +"%H%M"|fold -w1`;do echo "${A:${A[C+1]}:4}";done
2010-12-02 22:04:49
User: __
Functions: echo fold read
4

Like 7171, but fixed typo, uses fewer variables, and even more cryptic!

functions(){ read -p "File name> "; sort -d $REPLY | grep "(){" | sed -e 's/(){//g' | less; }
2010-12-01 18:49:48
User: LinuxMan
Functions: grep read sed sort
0

This command finds all of the functions defined in any shell script you specify including .bashrc

read -a A <<<"8 9 5 10 6 0 3 11 7 4";B='.*.**..*....***';for C in $(date +"%H%M"|fold -w1);do echo "${B:${A[C]}:4}";done
tail -f file | while read line; do printf "$(date -u '+%F %T%z')\t$line\n"; done
2010-11-24 05:50:12
User: derekschrock
Functions: file printf read tail
Tags: tail date
3

Should be a bit more portable since echo -e/n and date's -Ins are not.

Confirm() { echo -n "$1 [y/n]? " ; read reply; case $reply in Y*|y*) true ;; *) false ;; esac }
2010-11-22 16:54:16
User: eikenberry
Functions: echo false read true
Tags: read
2

This version works across on all POSIX compliant shell variants.

Confirm() { read -sn 1 -p "$1 [Y/N]? "; [[ $REPLY = [Yy] ]]; }
2010-11-22 11:01:14
User: frans
Functions: read
Tags: read
11

Returns true if user presses the key.

Use it like

Confirm "Continue" && do action
tail -f file | while read line; do echo -n $(date -u -Ins); echo -e "\t$line"; done
2010-11-19 10:01:57
User: hfs
Functions: date echo file read tail
Tags: tail date
5

This is useful when watching a log file that does not contain timestamps itself.

If the file already has content when starting the command, the first lines will have the "wrong" timestamp when the command was started and not when the lines were originally written.

find . -type f | while read line; do NEW_TS=`date -d@$((\`stat -c '%Y' $line\` + <seconds> )) '+%Y%m%d%H%M.%S'`; touch -t $NEW_TS ${line}; done
2010-11-18 14:03:32
User: angleto
Functions: find read touch
1

Increase the modification date for the files selected with the find command.

ls | grep .gz >> list.txt && cat list.txt | while read x ; do gunzip -d $x ; done && rm -rf list.txt
while read line; do pais=$(whois "$line" | grep -E '[Cc]ountry') echo -n "IP=$line Pais=$pais" && echo done <listaip
inotifywait -mrq -e CREATE --format %w%f /path/to/dir | while read FILE; do chmod g=u "$FILE"; done
2010-10-21 23:36:02
User: dooblem
Functions: chmod read
6

Listens for events in the directory. Each created file is displayed on stdout. Then each fileline is read by the loop and a command is run.

This can be used to force permissions in a directory, as an alternative for umask.

More details:

http://en.positon.org/post/A-solution-to-the-umask-problem%3A-inotify-to-force-permissions

tail -f /var/log/messages | while read line; do accu="$line"; while read -t 1 more; do accu=`echo -e "$accu\n$more"`; done; notify-send "Syslog" "$accu"; done
2010-10-10 16:28:08
User: hfs
Functions: read tail
1

The given example collects output of the tail command: Whenever a line is emitted, further lines are collected, until no more output comes for one second. This group of lines is then sent as notification to the user.

You can test the example with

logger "First group"; sleep 1; logger "Second"; logger "group"
rd(){ while read a ;do printf "$a\n";sleep ${1-1};done ;} # usage: rd < file ; or ... | rd
2010-10-03 04:16:03
User: argv
Functions: file printf read sleep
2

usage examples

ls largedir |rd

lynx -dump largewebsite.com |rd

rd < largelogfile

time read x
2010-09-30 09:23:01
User: ubersoldat
Functions: read time
Tags: bash timer
0

Say you want to time how long a task you're performing takes. Start this simple timer and you're done!