Commands by alf (5)

  • This may be listed already but this command is useful to untar a specific directory to a different server.


    0
    cat tarfile.tar.gz | ssh server.com " cd /tmp; tar xvzf - directory/i/want"
    alf · 2011-02-11 17:10:01 1
  • Some servers don't have ssh-copy-id, this works in those cases. It will ask for the destination server, this can be IP, hostname, or user@hostname if different from current user. Ssh keygen will let you know if a pubkey already exists on your system and you can opt to not overwrite it.


    -2
    echo 'Host or User@Host?:'; read newserver && ssh-keygen -N "" -t rsa -f ~/.ssh/id_rsa ; ssh $newserver cat <~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub ">>" ~/.ssh/authorized_keys ; ssh $newserver
    alf · 2010-05-07 06:24:53 1
  • Interfaces like lo can be omitted from the beginning, there are probably better ways of doing this, i'm a noob at awk. Show Sample Output


    5
    ifconfig -a| awk '/^wlan|^eth|^lo/ {;a=$1;FS=":"; nextline=NR+1; next}{ if (NR==nextline) { split($2,b," ")}{ if ($2 ~ /[0-9]\./) {print a,b[1]}; FS=" "}}'
    alf · 2010-04-15 04:34:28 3
  • Will edit *.db files in the same directory with todays date. Useful for doing a mass update to domains on a nameserver, adding spf records, etc. Looks for a string starting with 200 or 201 followed by 7 numbers, and replaces with todays date. This won't overwrite Ip's but i would still do some double checking after running this. Make sure your server's date is correct, otherwise insert your own serial number. rndc reload should usually follow this command.


    7
    sed -i 's/20[0-1][0-9]\{7\}/'`date +%Y%m%d%I`'/g' *.db
    alf · 2010-03-24 07:28:58 2
  • Bash scrip to test if a server is up, you can use this before wget'ing a file to make sure a blank one isn't downloaded.


    -1
    if [ "$(ping -q -c1 google.com)" ];then wget -mnd -q http://www.google.com/intl/en_ALL/images/logo.gif ;fi
    alf · 2010-03-23 04:15:03 7

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grep (or anything else) many files with multiprocessor power
xargs -P N spawns up to N worker processes. -n 40 means each grep command gets up to 40 file names each on the command line.

Log colorizer for OSX (ccze alternative)
Download colorizer by @raszi @ http://github.com/raszi/colorize

Convert seconds to [DD:][HH:]MM:SS
Converts any number of seconds into days, hours, minutes and seconds. sec2dhms() { declare -i SS="$1" D=$(( SS / 86400 )) H=$(( SS % 86400 / 3600 )) M=$(( SS % 3600 / 60 )) S=$(( SS % 60 )) [ "$D" -gt 0 ] && echo -n "${D}:" [ "$H" -gt 0 ] && printf "%02g:" "$H" printf "%02g:%02g\n" "$M" "$S" }

Single use vnc-over-ssh connection
This command 1. SSH into a machine 2. Tunnels VNC port to your local computer ("-L 5900:localhost:5900") 3. Runs a single use vnc server ("x11vnc -safer -localhost -nopw -once -display :0") 4. Goes into the background ("-f") 5. Runs VNC viewer on the local computer connecting to the remote machine via the newly created SSH tunnel ("vinagre localhost:5900")

VMware Server print out the state of all registered Virtual Machines.
I use this command on my machines running VMware Server to print out the state of all registered Virtual machines.

Debian Runlevel configuration tool
This tool configures system services in connection with system runlevels. It turns on/off services using the scripts in /etc/init.d/. Rcconf works with System-V style runlevel configuration. It is a TUI(Text User Interface) frontend to the update-rc.d command.

Who has the most Apache connections.
This will tell you who has the most Apache connections by IP (replace IPHERE with the actual IP you wish to check). Or if you wish, remove | grep -c IPHERE for the full list.

Which processes are listening on a specific port (e.g. port 80)
swap out "80" for your port of interest. Can use port number or named ports e.g. "http"

Top ten memory hogs
Inspired by #7065

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