Commands by argv (21)


  • 1
    case `uname` in FreeBSD)a=$#; case $a in 2) case $1 in 0) jot $(($2+1)) 0 $2 ;; *) jot $2 $1 $2 ;;esac;esac;esac; # usage: seq 1 4; seq 0 4
    argv · 2012-07-18 22:07:39 1
  • usage: dng BRE [selection] default selection is the last match DNS is ok, but although domainnames may be easier to remember than IP numbers, it still requires typing them out. This can be error-prone. Even more so than typing IPv4 numbers, depending on the domainname, its length and complexity.


    0
    dng(){ local a;a=$(sed '/'"$1"'/!d' /etc/hosts |sed '=;'"${2-1,$}"'!d'|sed '/ /!d');echo $a|tr '\040' '\n'|nl -bp'[0-9]$'|less -E;export dn=$(echo $a|sed 's,.* ,,');export ip=$(echo $a|sed 's, .*,,');echo \$dn=$dn;echo \$ip=$ip;}
    argv · 2012-04-01 23:57:09 0
  • proc lister usage: p proc killer usage: p patt [signal] uses only ps, grep, sed, printf and kill no need for pgrep/pkill (not part of early UNIX) _p(){ ps ax \ |grep $1 \ |sed ' /grep.'"$1"'/d' \ |while read a;do printf ${a%% *}' '; printf "${a#* }" >&2; printf '\n'; done; } p(){ case $# in 0) ps ax |grep .|less -iE; ;; 1) _p $1; ;; [23]) _p $1 2>/dev/null \ |sed '/'"$2"'/!d; s,.*,kill -'"${3-15}"' &,'|sh -v ;; esac; } alas, can't get this under 255 chars. flatcap? Show Sample Output


    0
    _p(){ ps ax |grep $1 |sed '/grep.'"$1"'/d' |while read a;do printf ${a%% *}' ';printf "${a#* }" >&2;printf '\n';done;}
    argv · 2012-04-01 19:46:19 1
  • proc lister usage: p proc killer usage: p patt [signal] uses only ps, grep, sed, printf and kill no need for pgrep/pkill (not part of early UNIX) _p(){ ps ax \ |grep $1 \ |sed ' /grep.'"$1"'/d' \ |while read a;do printf ${a%% *}' '; printf "${a#* }" >&2; printf '\n'; done; } p(){ case $# in 0) ps ax |grep .|less -iE; ;; 1) _p $1; ;; [23]) _p $1 2>/dev/null \ |sed '/'"$2"'/!d; s,.*,kill -'"${3-15}"' &,'|sh -v ;; esac; } alas, can't get this under 255 chars. flatcap? Show Sample Output


    0
    _p(){ ps ax |grep $1 |sed '/grep.'"$1"'/d' |while read a;do printf ${a%% *}' ';printf "${a#* }" >&2;printf '\n';done;}
    argv · 2012-04-01 19:45:17 0
  • this requires the use of a throwaway file. it outputs a shell function. assuming the throwaway file is f.tmp usage: >f.tmp;lso f.tmp > f.tmp; . f.tmp;rm f.tmp;lso -l ... notes: credit epons.org for the idea. however his version did not account for the sticky bit and other special cases. many of the 4096 permutations of file permissions make no practical sense. but chmod will still create them. one can achieve the same sort of octal output with stat(1), if that utility is available. here's another version to account for systems with seq(1) instead of jot(1): lso(){ case $# in 1) { case $(uname) in FreeBSD) jot -w '%04d' 7778 0000 7777 ;; *) seq -w 0000 7777 ;; esac; } \ |sed ' /[89]/d s,.*,printf '"'"'& '"'"';chmod & '"$1"';ls -l '"$1"'|sed s/-/./,' \ |sh \ |{ echo "lso(){"; echo "ls \$@ \\"; echo " |sed '"; sed ' s, ,@,2; s,@.*,,; s,\(.* \)\(.*\),s/\2/\1/,; s, ,,'; echo \'; echo }; }; ;; *) echo "usage: lso tmp-file"; ;; esac; } this won't print out types[1]. but its purpose is not to examine types. its focus is on mode and its purpose is to make mode easier to read (assuming one finds octal easier to read). 1. one could of course argue "everything is a file", but not always a "regular" one. e.g., a "directory" is really just a file comprising a list.


    0
    lso(){ jot -w '%04d' 7778 0000 7777 |sed '/[89]/d;s,.*,printf '"'"'& '"'"';chmod & '"$1"';ls -l '"$1"'|sed s/-/./,' \ |sh \ |{ echo "lso(){";echo "ls \$@ \\";echo " |sed '";sed 's, ,@,2;s,@.*,,;s,\(.* \)\(.*\),s/\2/\1/,;s, ,,';echo \';echo };};}
    argv · 2012-01-08 05:48:24 0
  • alternative to tr char '\012' works with sed's that don't accept "\n" allows for multi-char sentinals, while tr(1) only operates on single chars


    -4
    case $# in 0) echo usage: $0 pattern ;; *)case $1 in */*)sed ' s,'"$1"',\ ,g';; *) sed ' s/'"$1"'/\ /g' ;;esac;esac;
    argv · 2011-12-30 23:54:12 0
  • for small output only example usage: jobs -l |col1 72


    -3
    col1(){ case $# in 0)echo col1 col-length;;*) sed 's/\(.\{'"$1"'\}\)\(.*\)/\1/' esac;}
    argv · 2011-12-30 23:35:29 0

  • -3
    tmpfs(){ cd /;for i in $@;do tar czvf /tmp/$i $i;mount -t tmpfs tmpfs /$i;tar xvzf /tmp/$i;cd ~ ;}# usage: tmpfs etc var
    argv · 2011-12-30 23:27:56 0
  • _ff(){ cd /mnt; echo /mnt/*/* |sed ' s/ \/mnt\//\&/g; '|sed '/'"$1"'/!d'; cd -; } ff(){ case $# in 0) echo "usage: ff glob [sed-cmds] [--|var-name]" ;; 1) _ff $1 |sed = ;; [2-9]) case $2 in --) _ff $1 |less -SN ;; *) _ff $1 |sed -n ''"$2"''|tr '\n' '\040' |sed 's/.*/export '"$3"'=\"&/;s/=\" /=\"/;s/ $/\"/' > $HOME/.ff; case $# in 3) . $HOME/.ff ;; esac; sed ' s/export .*=\"/\$'"$3"' = \"/;' $HOME/.ff;\ ;; esac ;; esac; } v(){ local a=$HOME; sed ' s/export /less -n \$/; s/=.*//; ' $a/.ff > $a/.v ; . $a/.v ; } Another approach using ls(1) lsl(){ _lsl () { ls -l $3 /mnt/*/$1* 2>/dev/null; }; case $# in 0) echo "usage: lsl pat [ls-options|result-no]"; echo "usage: lsle pat [sed-cmds]" ;; 1) _lsl $1 |sed = ;; 2) case $2 in -*) _lsl $1 $@;; *) _lsl $1 |sed 's/.* //; '"$2"'!d; '"$2"'q' > $HOME/.lsl ; export v=$(sed 1q $HOME/.lsl); echo \$v = $v ;; esac ;; esac; } exp(){ echo "%s/\$/ /"; echo "%j"; echo "s/^/export v=\""; echo "s/\$/\""; echo "s/ \"\$/\""; echo "."; echo "wq"; } lsle(){ lsl $1 -1 |sed $2 > .lsl&& exp |ed -s .lsl >&-&& . .lsl&& echo \$v = $v; }


    -5
    _ff(){ cd /mnt;echo /mnt/*/* |sed 's/ \/mnt\//\&/g' |sed '/'"$1"'/!d'; cd -;}
    argv · 2011-12-30 23:25:31 2
  • does the -i option open a tmp file? this method does not.


    3
    sedi(){ case $# in [01]|[3-9])echo usage: sedi sed-cmds file ;;2)sed -a ''"$1"';H;$!d;g;' $2 |sed -a '/^$/d;w '"$2"'' ;;esac;}
    argv · 2011-07-27 02:36:53 0
  • usage: mem memcache-command [arguments] where memcache-command might be: set add get[s] append prepend replace delete incr decr cas stats verbosity version notes: exptime argument is set to 0 (no expire) flags argument is set to 1 (arbitrary)


    5
    mem(){ { case $1 in st*|[vgid]*) printf "%s " "$@";; *) dd if=$3 2>&1|sed '$!d;/^0/d;s/ .*//;s/^/'"$1"' '"$2"' 1 0 /; r '"$3"'' 2>/dev/null;;esac;printf "\r\nquit\r\n";}|nc -n 127.0.0.1 11211; }
    argv · 2011-06-17 06:39:07 2
  • POSIX requires this "string truncating" functionality. might as well use it, at least for very small tasks where invoking sed and using RE is overkill.


    1
    se(){ while read a;do [ "$a" != "${a#*$@*}" ]&&echo $a;done ;} # usage: se pattern # use in place of sed /pat/!d where RE are overkill
    argv · 2011-04-06 03:37:40 2
  • this leaves the cursor at the bottom of the terminal screen, where your eyes are. ctrl-l moves it to the top, forcing you to look up.


    13
    cls(){ printf "\33[2J";} or, if no printf, cat >cls;<ctrl-v><ctrl+[>[2J<enter><ctrl+d> cls(){ cat cls;}
    argv · 2011-04-06 01:51:45 12
  • Sometimes the question comes up: How to get unbuffered tcpdump output into the next program in the pipe? i.e. if your OS forces you to wait for the buffer to fill before the next program sees any of the output If you use -Uw- then you can't use -A (or -X or -XX) at the same time. When the question comes up, I've never seen anyone suggest this simple solution: chaining 2 tcpdump instances.


    1
    tcp(){ tcpdump -nUs0 -w- -iinterface $1|tcpdump -n${2-A}r- ;} usage: tcp '[primitives]' [X|XX]
    argv · 2011-03-07 03:40:11 0
  • some other options: &delay=1000 &mode=links much more with piggybank as scraper works well with your favourite curses or non-curses http clients


    -1
    svn co http://simile.mit.edu/repository/crowbar/trunk&& cd ./trunk/xulapp/ xulrunner --install-app && Xvfb :1 && DISPLAY=:1 xulrunner application.ini 2>/dev/null 1>/dev/null && wget -O- "127.0.0.1:10000/&url=http://www.facebook.com"
    argv · 2010-10-16 05:12:11 0
  • Default output-file is "liveh.txt". This uses only BRE, in case you're using an older version of sed(1) that doesn't have support for ERE added. With a modern sed(1), to reduce false positive matches, you might do something like: liveh(){ tcpdump -lnnAs512 -i ${1-} tcp |sed 's/.*GET /GET /;s/.*Host: /Host: /;s/.*POST /POST /;/GET |Host: |POST /!d;/[\"'"'"]/d;/\.\./d;w '"${2-liveh.txt}"'' >/dev/null ;} Anyway, it's easy to clean up the output file with sed(1) later.


    5
    liveh(){ tcpdump -lnAs512 ${1-} tcp |sed ' s/.*GET /GET /;s/.*Host: /Host: /;s/.*POST /POST /;/[GPH][EOo][TSs]/!d;w '"${2-liveh.txt}"' ' >/dev/null ;} # usage: liveh [-i interface] [output-file] && firefox &
    argv · 2010-10-11 01:01:11 0
  • usage examples ls largedir |rd lynx -dump largewebsite.com |rd rd < largelogfile


    2
    rd(){ while read a ;do printf "$a\n";sleep ${1-1};done ;} # usage: rd < file ; or ... | rd
    argv · 2010-10-03 04:16:03 0
  • if you use disk-based swap then it can defeat the purpose of this function.


    4
    ram() { for i in /tmp /altroot;do mount -t tmpfs tmpfs $i;done&& for i in /var /root /etc $HOME; do find -d $i |cpio -pdmv /tmp&& mount -t tmpfs tmpfs $i&& mv -v /tmp$i/* $i&& rm -vrf /tmp$i ; done ;} usage: (in rc sequence) ram
    argv · 2010-08-31 08:25:55 0
  • EXAMPLES jb "next sun 12pm" "/bin/sh ~you/1.sh" & jb "2010-08-29 12:00:00" "~you/1.sh" & jb "29aug2010 gmt" ". ~you/1.sh" & jb 12:00p.m. "nohup ./1.sh" & jb 1min "echo stop!" & SEE ALSO parsedate(3) strftime(3)


    2
    jb() { if [ -z $1 ];then printf 'usage:\njb <"date and/or time"> <"commandline"> &\nsee parsedate(3) strftime(3)\n';else t1=$(date +%s); t2=$(date -d "$1" +%s) ;sleep $(expr $t2 - $t1);$2 ;fi ;}
    argv · 2010-08-26 23:50:42 0

  • 5
    st() { LDFLAGS=-static CFLAGS=-static CXXFLAGS=-static NOSHARED=yes ./configure $@ ;} usage: st [configure operands]
    argv · 2010-08-20 08:18:56 0

  • 7
    cls(){ printf "\033c";} or, if no printf, cat > c ;<ctrl+v> <ctrl+[>c <enter><ctrl-d> c(){ cat c;} #usage: c
    argv · 2010-08-02 07:27:22 1

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play audio stream and video stream in two different mplayer instances
Sometimes audio and video are not sync'ed. The factor 1.0884 is the quotient 48000/44100. One mplayer plays the audio file in the background, the other the video in the foreground. You can dump the audio file before with another commandlinefu

Convert CSV to JSON
Replace 'csv_file.csv' with your filename.

Shows users and 'virtual users' on your a unix-type system
Shows a list of users that currently running processes are executing as. YMMV regarding ps and it's many variants. For example, you might need: $ ps -axgu | cut -f1 -d' ' | sort -u

Print every Nth line
Sometimes commands give you too much feedback. Perhaps 1/100th might be enough. If so, every() is for you. $ my_verbose_command | every 100 will print every 100th line of output. Specifically, it will print lines 100, 200, 300, etc If you use a negative argument it will print the *first* of a block, $ my_verbose_command | every -100 It will print lines 1, 101, 201, 301, etc The function wraps up this useful sed snippet: $ ... | sed -n '0~100p' don't print anything by default $ sed -n starting at line 0, then every hundred lines ( ~100 ) print. $ '0~100p' There's also some bash magic to test if the number is negative: we want character 0, length 1, of variable N. $ ${N:0:1} If it *is* negative, strip off the first character ${N:1} is character 1 onwards (second actual character).

Download free e-books
Mask the user agent as firefox, recursively download 2 levels deep from a span host with a maximum of 1 redirection, use random wait time and dump all pdf files to myBooksFolder without creating any other directories. Host will have no way of knowing that this is a grabber script.

Set laptop display brightness
Run as root. Path may vary depending on laptop model and video card (this was tested on an Acer laptop with ATI HD3200 video). $ cat /proc/acpi/video/VGA/LCD/brightness to discover the possible values for your display.

List the Sizes of Folders and Directories
I wanted an easy way to list out the sizes of directories and all of the contents of those directories recursively.

chmod - change file permissions of a file to be similar of another

Calculating series with awk: add numbers from 1 to 100
"seq 100" outputs 1,2,..,100, separated by newlines. awk adds them up and displays the sum. "seq 1 2 11" outputs 1,3,..,11. Variations: 1+3+...+(2n-1) = n^2 $ seq 1 2 19 | awk '{sum+=$1} END {print sum}' # displays 100 1/2 + 1/4 + ... = 1 $ seq 10 | awk '{sum+=1/(2**$1)} END {print sum}' # displays 0.999023

Efficient remote forensic disk acquisition gpg-crypted for multiple recipients
Acquires a bit-by-bit data image, gzip-compresses it on multiple cores (pigz) and encrypts the data for multiple recipients (gpg -e -r). It finally sends it off to a remote machine.


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