Commands by argv (21)


  • 1
    case `uname` in FreeBSD)a=$#; case $a in 2) case $1 in 0) jot $(($2+1)) 0 $2 ;; *) jot $2 $1 $2 ;;esac;esac;esac; # usage: seq 1 4; seq 0 4
    argv · 2012-07-18 22:07:39 1
  • usage: dng BRE [selection] default selection is the last match DNS is ok, but although domainnames may be easier to remember than IP numbers, it still requires typing them out. This can be error-prone. Even more so than typing IPv4 numbers, depending on the domainname, its length and complexity.


    0
    dng(){ local a;a=$(sed '/'"$1"'/!d' /etc/hosts |sed '=;'"${2-1,$}"'!d'|sed '/ /!d');echo $a|tr '\040' '\n'|nl -bp'[0-9]$'|less -E;export dn=$(echo $a|sed 's,.* ,,');export ip=$(echo $a|sed 's, .*,,');echo \$dn=$dn;echo \$ip=$ip;}
    argv · 2012-04-01 23:57:09 0
  • proc lister usage: p proc killer usage: p patt [signal] uses only ps, grep, sed, printf and kill no need for pgrep/pkill (not part of early UNIX) _p(){ ps ax \ |grep $1 \ |sed ' /grep.'"$1"'/d' \ |while read a;do printf ${a%% *}' '; printf "${a#* }" >&2; printf '\n'; done; } p(){ case $# in 0) ps ax |grep .|less -iE; ;; 1) _p $1; ;; [23]) _p $1 2>/dev/null \ |sed '/'"$2"'/!d; s,.*,kill -'"${3-15}"' &,'|sh -v ;; esac; } alas, can't get this under 255 chars. flatcap? Show Sample Output


    0
    _p(){ ps ax |grep $1 |sed '/grep.'"$1"'/d' |while read a;do printf ${a%% *}' ';printf "${a#* }" >&2;printf '\n';done;}
    argv · 2012-04-01 19:46:19 1
  • proc lister usage: p proc killer usage: p patt [signal] uses only ps, grep, sed, printf and kill no need for pgrep/pkill (not part of early UNIX) _p(){ ps ax \ |grep $1 \ |sed ' /grep.'"$1"'/d' \ |while read a;do printf ${a%% *}' '; printf "${a#* }" >&2; printf '\n'; done; } p(){ case $# in 0) ps ax |grep .|less -iE; ;; 1) _p $1; ;; [23]) _p $1 2>/dev/null \ |sed '/'"$2"'/!d; s,.*,kill -'"${3-15}"' &,'|sh -v ;; esac; } alas, can't get this under 255 chars. flatcap? Show Sample Output


    0
    _p(){ ps ax |grep $1 |sed '/grep.'"$1"'/d' |while read a;do printf ${a%% *}' ';printf "${a#* }" >&2;printf '\n';done;}
    argv · 2012-04-01 19:45:17 0
  • this requires the use of a throwaway file. it outputs a shell function. assuming the throwaway file is f.tmp usage: >f.tmp;lso f.tmp > f.tmp; . f.tmp;rm f.tmp;lso -l ... notes: credit epons.org for the idea. however his version did not account for the sticky bit and other special cases. many of the 4096 permutations of file permissions make no practical sense. but chmod will still create them. one can achieve the same sort of octal output with stat(1), if that utility is available. here's another version to account for systems with seq(1) instead of jot(1): lso(){ case $# in 1) { case $(uname) in FreeBSD) jot -w '%04d' 7778 0000 7777 ;; *) seq -w 0000 7777 ;; esac; } \ |sed ' /[89]/d s,.*,printf '"'"'& '"'"';chmod & '"$1"';ls -l '"$1"'|sed s/-/./,' \ |sh \ |{ echo "lso(){"; echo "ls \[email protected] \\"; echo " |sed '"; sed ' s, ,@,2; s,@.*,,; s,\(.* \)\(.*\),s/\2/\1/,; s, ,,'; echo \'; echo }; }; ;; *) echo "usage: lso tmp-file"; ;; esac; } this won't print out types[1]. but its purpose is not to examine types. its focus is on mode and its purpose is to make mode easier to read (assuming one finds octal easier to read). 1. one could of course argue "everything is a file", but not always a "regular" one. e.g., a "directory" is really just a file comprising a list.


    0
    lso(){ jot -w '%04d' 7778 0000 7777 |sed '/[89]/d;s,.*,printf '"'"'& '"'"';chmod & '"$1"';ls -l '"$1"'|sed s/-/./,' \ |sh \ |{ echo "lso(){";echo "ls \[email protected] \\";echo " |sed '";sed 's, ,@,2;s,@.*,,;s,\(.* \)\(.*\),s/\2/\1/,;s, ,,';echo \';echo };};}
    argv · 2012-01-08 05:48:24 0
  • alternative to tr char '\012' works with sed's that don't accept "\n" allows for multi-char sentinals, while tr(1) only operates on single chars


    -4
    case $# in 0) echo usage: $0 pattern ;; *)case $1 in */*)sed ' s,'"$1"',\ ,g';; *) sed ' s/'"$1"'/\ /g' ;;esac;esac;
    argv · 2011-12-30 23:54:12 0
  • for small output only example usage: jobs -l |col1 72


    -3
    col1(){ case $# in 0)echo col1 col-length;;*) sed 's/\(.\{'"$1"'\}\)\(.*\)/\1/' esac;}
    argv · 2011-12-30 23:35:29 0

  • -3
    tmpfs(){ cd /;for i in [email protected];do tar czvf /tmp/$i $i;mount -t tmpfs tmpfs /$i;tar xvzf /tmp/$i;cd ~ ;}# usage: tmpfs etc var
    argv · 2011-12-30 23:27:56 0
  • _ff(){ cd /mnt; echo /mnt/*/* |sed ' s/ \/mnt\//\&/g; '|sed '/'"$1"'/!d'; cd -; } ff(){ case $# in 0) echo "usage: ff glob [sed-cmds] [--|var-name]" ;; 1) _ff $1 |sed = ;; [2-9]) case $2 in --) _ff $1 |less -SN ;; *) _ff $1 |sed -n ''"$2"''|tr '\n' '\040' |sed 's/.*/export '"$3"'=\"&/;s/=\" /=\"/;s/ $/\"/' > $HOME/.ff; case $# in 3) . $HOME/.ff ;; esac; sed ' s/export .*=\"/\$'"$3"' = \"/;' $HOME/.ff;\ ;; esac ;; esac; } v(){ local a=$HOME; sed ' s/export /less -n \$/; s/=.*//; ' $a/.ff > $a/.v ; . $a/.v ; } Another approach using ls(1) lsl(){ _lsl () { ls -l $3 /mnt/*/$1* 2>/dev/null; }; case $# in 0) echo "usage: lsl pat [ls-options|result-no]"; echo "usage: lsle pat [sed-cmds]" ;; 1) _lsl $1 |sed = ;; 2) case $2 in -*) _lsl $1 [email protected];; *) _lsl $1 |sed 's/.* //; '"$2"'!d; '"$2"'q' > $HOME/.lsl ; export v=$(sed 1q $HOME/.lsl); echo \$v = $v ;; esac ;; esac; } exp(){ echo "%s/\$/ /"; echo "%j"; echo "s/^/export v=\""; echo "s/\$/\""; echo "s/ \"\$/\""; echo "."; echo "wq"; } lsle(){ lsl $1 -1 |sed $2 > .lsl&& exp |ed -s .lsl >&-&& . .lsl&& echo \$v = $v; }


    -5
    _ff(){ cd /mnt;echo /mnt/*/* |sed 's/ \/mnt\//\&/g' |sed '/'"$1"'/!d'; cd -;}
    argv · 2011-12-30 23:25:31 2
  • does the -i option open a tmp file? this method does not.


    3
    sedi(){ case $# in [01]|[3-9])echo usage: sedi sed-cmds file ;;2)sed -a ''"$1"';H;$!d;g;' $2 |sed -a '/^$/d;w '"$2"'' ;;esac;}
    argv · 2011-07-27 02:36:53 0
  • usage: mem memcache-command [arguments] where memcache-command might be: set add get[s] append prepend replace delete incr decr cas stats verbosity version notes: exptime argument is set to 0 (no expire) flags argument is set to 1 (arbitrary)


    5
    mem(){ { case $1 in st*|[vgid]*) printf "%s " "[email protected]";; *) dd if=$3 2>&1|sed '$!d;/^0/d;s/ .*//;s/^/'"$1"' '"$2"' 1 0 /; r '"$3"'' 2>/dev/null;;esac;printf "\r\nquit\r\n";}|nc -n 127.0.0.1 11211; }
    argv · 2011-06-17 06:39:07 2
  • POSIX requires this "string truncating" functionality. might as well use it, at least for very small tasks where invoking sed and using RE is overkill.


    1
    se(){ while read a;do [ "$a" != "${a#*[email protected]*}" ]&&echo $a;done ;} # usage: se pattern # use in place of sed /pat/!d where RE are overkill
    argv · 2011-04-06 03:37:40 2
  • this leaves the cursor at the bottom of the terminal screen, where your eyes are. ctrl-l moves it to the top, forcing you to look up.


    13
    cls(){ printf "\33[2J";} or, if no printf, cat >cls;<ctrl-v><ctrl+[>[2J<enter><ctrl+d> cls(){ cat cls;}
    argv · 2011-04-06 01:51:45 12
  • Sometimes the question comes up: How to get unbuffered tcpdump output into the next program in the pipe? i.e. if your OS forces you to wait for the buffer to fill before the next program sees any of the output If you use -Uw- then you can't use -A (or -X or -XX) at the same time. When the question comes up, I've never seen anyone suggest this simple solution: chaining 2 tcpdump instances.


    1
    tcp(){ tcpdump -nUs0 -w- -iinterface $1|tcpdump -n${2-A}r- ;} usage: tcp '[primitives]' [X|XX]
    argv · 2011-03-07 03:40:11 4
  • some other options: &delay=1000 &mode=links much more with piggybank as scraper works well with your favourite curses or non-curses http clients


    -1
    svn co http://simile.mit.edu/repository/crowbar/trunk&& cd ./trunk/xulapp/ xulrunner --install-app && Xvfb :1 && DISPLAY=:1 xulrunner application.ini 2>/dev/null 1>/dev/null && wget -O- "127.0.0.1:10000/&url=http://www.facebook.com"
    argv · 2010-10-16 05:12:11 0
  • Default output-file is "liveh.txt". This uses only BRE, in case you're using an older version of sed(1) that doesn't have support for ERE added. With a modern sed(1), to reduce false positive matches, you might do something like: liveh(){ tcpdump -lnnAs512 -i ${1-} tcp |sed 's/.*GET /GET /;s/.*Host: /Host: /;s/.*POST /POST /;/GET |Host: |POST /!d;/[\"'"'"]/d;/\.\./d;w '"${2-liveh.txt}"'' >/dev/null ;} Anyway, it's easy to clean up the output file with sed(1) later.


    5
    liveh(){ tcpdump -lnAs512 ${1-} tcp |sed ' s/.*GET /GET /;s/.*Host: /Host: /;s/.*POST /POST /;/[GPH][EOo][TSs]/!d;w '"${2-liveh.txt}"' ' >/dev/null ;} # usage: liveh [-i interface] [output-file] && firefox &
    argv · 2010-10-11 01:01:11 0
  • usage examples ls largedir |rd lynx -dump largewebsite.com |rd rd < largelogfile


    2
    rd(){ while read a ;do printf "$a\n";sleep ${1-1};done ;} # usage: rd < file ; or ... | rd
    argv · 2010-10-03 04:16:03 0
  • if you use disk-based swap then it can defeat the purpose of this function.


    4
    ram() { for i in /tmp /altroot;do mount -t tmpfs tmpfs $i;done&& for i in /var /root /etc $HOME; do find -d $i |cpio -pdmv /tmp&& mount -t tmpfs tmpfs $i&& mv -v /tmp$i/* $i&& rm -vrf /tmp$i ; done ;} usage: (in rc sequence) ram
    argv · 2010-08-31 08:25:55 0
  • EXAMPLES jb "next sun 12pm" "/bin/sh ~you/1.sh" & jb "2010-08-29 12:00:00" "~you/1.sh" & jb "29aug2010 gmt" ". ~you/1.sh" & jb 12:00p.m. "nohup ./1.sh" & jb 1min "echo stop!" & SEE ALSO parsedate(3) strftime(3)


    2
    jb() { if [ -z $1 ];then printf 'usage:\njb <"date and/or time"> <"commandline"> &\nsee parsedate(3) strftime(3)\n';else t1=$(date +%s); t2=$(date -d "$1" +%s) ;sleep $(expr $t2 - $t1);$2 ;fi ;}
    argv · 2010-08-26 23:50:42 0

  • 5
    st() { LDFLAGS=-static CFLAGS=-static CXXFLAGS=-static NOSHARED=yes ./configure [email protected] ;} usage: st [configure operands]
    argv · 2010-08-20 08:18:56 0

  • 7
    cls(){ printf "\033c";} or, if no printf, cat > c ;<ctrl+v> <ctrl+[>c <enter><ctrl-d> c(){ cat c;} #usage: c
    argv · 2010-08-02 07:27:22 1

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Tell local Debian machine to install packages used by remote Debian machine
(also works on Ubuntu) Copies the 'install,' 'hold,' 'deinstall' and 'purge' states of packages on the remote machine to be matched on the local machine. Note: if packages were installed on the local machine that were never installed on the remote machine, they will not be deinstalled by this operation.

Find the package that installed a command

Remove all HTML tags from a file
A shorter version of command #3014, using awk instead of sed. Useful when scraping websites with a script.

Get a list of the erroring cifs entries in fstab
It disturbs me when my logwatch report tells me a share or machine has disappeared, esp as mount isn't telling me what's gone. This command outputs to stderr the erroring cifs entries from fstab.

Take screenshots with imagemagick

Watch contents of a file grow
In this case, I'm keeping an eye on /var/log/messages, but of course any file will do. When I'm following a file, I generally don't want to see anything other than what has been added due to the command or service I've executed. This keeps everything clean and tidy for troubleshooting.

Runs a command without hangups.
puts command in background and sends its output to nohup.out file it will not die if you log out fromyour shell session ;-)

Nice weather forecast on your shell
Change Seville for your prefered city.

Execute text from the OS X clipboard.
The backtick operator, in general, will execute the text inside the backticks. On OS X, the pbpaste command will put the contents of the OS X clipboard to STDOUT. So if you put backticks around pbpaste, the text from the OS X clipboard is executed. If you add the pipeline | pbcopy, the output from executing the command on the clipboard is placed back on the clipboard. Note: make sure the clipboard is text only.

copy ACL of one file to another using getfacl and setfacl


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