Commands by axelabs (11)

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Replace Every occurrence of a word in a file
Replace 'this' with 'that'

find previously entered commands (requires configuring .inputrc)
[Click the "show sample output" link to see how to use this keystroke.]   Meta-p is one of my all time most used and most loved features of working at the command line. It's also one that surprisingly few people know about. To use it with bash (actually in any readline application), you'll need to add a couple lines to your .inputrc then have bash reread the .inputrc using the bind command:   $ echo '"\en": history-search-forward' >> ~/.inputrc   $ echo '"\ep": history-search-backward' >> ~/.inputrc   $ bind -f ~/.inputrc     I first learned about this feature in tcsh. When I switched over to bash about fifteen years ago, I had assumed I'd prefer ^R to search in reverse. Intuitively ^R seemed better since you could search for an argument instead of a command. I think that, like using a microkernel for the Hurd, it sounded so obviously right fifteen years ago, but that was only because the older way had benefits we hadn't known about.     I think many of you who use the command line as much as I do know that we can just be thinking about what results we want and our fingers will start typing the commands needed. I assume it's some sort of parallel processing going on with the linguistic part of the brain. Unfortunately, that parallelism doesn't seem to work (at least for me) with searching the history. I realize I can save myself typing using the history shortly after my fingers have already started "speaking". But, when I hit ^R in Bash, everything I've already typed gets ignored and I have to stop and think again about what I was doing. It's a small bump in the road but it can be annoying, especially for long-time command line users. Usually M-p is exactly what I need to save myself time and trouble.     If you use the command line a lot, please give Meta-p a try. You may be surprised how it frees your brain to process more smoothly in parallel. (Or maybe it won't. Post here and let me know either way. ☺)

find duplicate messages in a Maildir
# find assumes email files start with a number 1-9 # sed joins the lines starting with " " to the previous line # gawk print the received and from lines # sort according to the second field (received+from) # uniq print the duplicated filename # a message is viewed as duplicate if it is received at the same time as another message, and from the same person. The command was intended to be run under cron. If run in a terminal, mutt can be used: mutt -e "push otD~=xq" -f $folder

list block devices
Shows all block devices in a tree with descruptions of what they are.

Suspend an ssh session.
This must be typed before any other characters have been entered on the line. Use fg, as usual, to resume the ssh session.

commentate specified line of a file
used when modify several configuration files with a single command

List your largest installed packages (on Debian/Ubuntu)
dpigs is in the package debian-goodies (debian/ubuntu)

SMTP Analysis
This works just as well for SMTP. You could run this on your mail server to watch e-mail senders and recipients: tcpdump -l -s0 -w - tcp dst port 25 | strings | grep -i 'MAIL FROM\|RCPT TO'

change user & preserver environment (.bashrc&co)

Find usb device in realtime
Using this command you can track a moment when usb device was attached.


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