Commands tagged while loop (12)

  • While going through the source code for the well known ps command, I read about some interesting things.. Namely, that there are a bunch of different fields that ps can try and enumerate for you. These are fields I was not able to find in the man pages, documentation, only in the source. Here is a longer function that goes through each of the formats recognized by the ps on your machine, executes it, and then prompts you whether you would like to add it or not. Adding it simply adds it to an array that is then printed when you ctrl-c or at the end of the function run. This lets you save your favorite ones and then see the command to put in your .bash_profile like mine at : Note that I had to do the exec method below in order to pause with read. t () { local r l a P f=/tmp/ps c='command ps wwo pid:6,user:8,vsize:8,comm:20' IFS=' '; trap 'exec 66 exec 66 $f && command ps L | tr -s ' ' >&$f; while read -u66 l >&/dev/null; do a=${l/% */}; $c,$a k -${a//%/} -A; yn "Add $a" && P[$SECONDS]=$a; done } Show Sample Output

    for p in `ps L|cut -d' ' -f1`;do echo -e "`tput clear;read -p$p -n1 p`";ps wwo pid:6,user:8,comm:10,$p kpid -A;done
    AskApache · 2010-10-12 06:42:10 2
  • `while true`: do forever `nc -l -p 4300 -c 'echo hello'`: this is the but anything can go here really `test $? -gt 0 && break`: this checks the return code for ctrl^c or the like and quite the loop, otherwise in order to kill the loop you'd have to get the parent process id and kill it. Show Sample Output

    while true ; do nc -l -p 4300 -c 'echo hello'; test $? -gt 0 && break; done
    rawco · 2016-03-22 21:55:44 0
  • At times I find that I need to loop through a file where each value that I need to do something with is not on a separate line, but rather separated with a ":" or a ";". In this instance, I create a loop within which I define 'IFS' to be something other than a whitespace character. In this example, I iterate through a file which only has one line, and several fields separated with ":". The counter helps me define how many times I want to repeat the loop.

    while [[ COUNTER -le 10 && IFS=':' ]]; do for LINE in $(cat /tmp/list); do some_command(s) $LINE; done; COUNTER=$((COUNTER+1)); done
    slashdot · 2010-09-01 15:09:59 1
  • If you're very busy and don't want to wait for a ping response, use it. This command will be waiting for a successful ping response, to play a sound file to warn you that the target host is available.

    continuar=true; while $continuar; do if ping -c 3 [target_IP_address] 2>&1> /dev/null ; then mplayer [sound_file]; continuar=false; break; fi; done
    mack · 2011-04-25 21:44:05 5
  • pcspkr have to be enabled! modprobe pcspkr xset b on

    ping -a IP-ADDRESS
    markussesser · 2011-04-28 13:51:12 6
  • For use when you can't use "watch" (user-defined functions, aliases). This isn't mine - its an alternate posted in the comments by flatcap, and is the shortest and easiest to remember.

    while sleep 1; do foo; done
    lowbatteries · 2012-09-14 20:21:04 0
  • Simply add this to whatever apache startup script you have, or if you are on a MAC, create a new automator application. This will show a pretty growl notification whenever theres a new Apache error log entry. Useful for local development

    /usr/bin/tail -fn0 /path/to/apache_error.log | while read line; do /usr/local/bin/growlnotify --title "Apache Notice" --message "$line"; done &
    jhyland87 · 2013-01-22 05:25:41 0
  • Sometimes I get FLAC files that RhythmBox can't play but VLC can. So I re-encode them using GStreamer at highest compression.

    find . -type f -iname '*.flac' | while read i; do mv -- "$i" "$i.tmp"; gst-launch filesrc location="$i.tmp" ! flacdec ! flacenc quality=8 ! filesink location="${i%.tmp}"; rm -- "$i.tmp"; done
    qdrizh · 2014-07-10 19:21:22 0
  • This command will take the output of curl and read it line by line, skipping a step in downloading the file then parsing it. You can then parse each line, or only print the lines that contain certain works using if statements, or whatever you can come up with. Or you can change IFS and use it to parse based on separators other than newline.

    while read line; do echo $line;done < <(curl -s <URL of file to read>)
    baize · 2016-02-05 17:04:15 1
  • Abort/Break with CTRL-C when no output is shown anymore (break while true loop). Show Sample Output

    while true; do for bzipfile in $(file *|egrep bzip2|awk '{print $1'}|cut -d':' -f1); do bunzip2 $bzipfile; done; done
    tapestreamer · 2016-12-12 16:12:18 0
  • while commandt do command command ... done {commandt is executed and its exit status tested.} for i in 1 2 3 > do > echo $i > done Show Sample Output

    i=0; while [ $i -lt 100 ]; do echo "test, ttest, tttest-${i}" >> kk.file; i=`expr $i + 1`; done
    kaushalmehra · 2012-09-13 21:46:18 0
  • Consider the following simple situation [ reading something using while and read ] [See script 1 in sample output] --------------------------------------------------- The variable var is assigned with "nullll" at first. Inside the while loop [piped while] it is assigned with "whillleeee". [Onlly 2 assignments stmts]. Outside the loop the last assigned value for "var" [and no variable] inside the while can't be accessed [Due to pipe, var is executed in a sub shell]. In these type of situation variables can be accessed by modifying as follows. [See script 2 in sample output] ___________________________ Vary helpful when reading a set of items, say file names, stored on a file [or variable] to an array an use it later. Is there any other way 2 access variables inside and outside the loop ?? Show Sample Output

    while read line; do echo $line; done <<< "$var"
    totti · 2011-09-22 16:53:32 0

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Save your open windows to a file so they can be opened after you restart
This will save your open windows to a file (~/.windows). To start those applications: $ cat ~/.windows | while read line; do $line &; done Should work on any EWMH/NetWM compatible X Window Manager. If you use DWM or another Window Manager not using EWMH or NetWM try this: $ xwininfo -root -children | grep '^ ' | grep -v children | grep -v '' | sed -n 's/^ *\(0x[0-9a-f]*\) .*/\1/p' | uniq | while read line; do xprop -id $line _NET_WM_PID | sed -n 's/.* = \([0-9]*\)$/\1/p'; done | uniq -u | grep -v '^$' | while read line; do ps -o cmd= $line; done > ~/.windows

Mutt - Change mail sender.

exec chmod to subfiles
Using `-exec cmd {} +` causes find to build the command using all matching filenames before execution, rather than once per file.

Outputs a 10-digit random number

Command to logout all the users in one command
It's only to logout all other user's except "root"

Detect illegal access to kernel space, potentially useful for Meltdown detection
Based on capsule8 agent examples, not rigorously tested

Find usb device in realtime
Using this command you can track a moment when usb device was attached.

Open (in vim) all modified files in a git repository
For editing files added to the index: $ vim `git diff --name-only --cached` To edit all changed files: $ vim `git diff --name-only HEAD` To edit changed files matching glob: $ vim `git diff --name-only -- '*.html'` If the commands needs to support filenames with whitespace, it gets a bit hacky (see for the reason): $ git diff --name-only -z | xargs -0 bash -c '

Add line number count as C-style comments
I often find the need to number enumerations and other lists when programming. With this command, create a new file called 'inputfile' with the text you want to number. Paste the contents of 'outputfile' back into your source file and fix the tabbing if necessary. You can also change this to output hex numbering by changing the "%02d" to "%02x". If you need to start at 0 replace "NR" with "NR-1". I adapted this from

Get AWS temporary credentials ready to export based on a MFA virtual appliance
You might want to secure your AWS operations requiring to use a MFA token. But then to use API or tools, you need to pass credentials generated with a MFA token. This commands asks you for the MFA code and retrieves these credentials using AWS Cli. To print the exports, you can use: `awk '{ print "export AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID=\"" $1 "\"\n" "export AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY=\"" $2 "\"\n" "export AWS_SESSION_TOKEN=\"" $3 "\"" }'` You must adapt the command line to include: * $MFA_IDis ARN of the virtual MFA or serial number of the physical one * TTL for the credentials

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