Commands tagged ps (85)

  • awk is evil! Show Sample Output

    ps hax -o user | sort | uniq -c
    buzzy · 2010-04-29 10:43:03 4
  • exec -a $NAME $COMMAND $ARGS `your_cmd -erase_all_files` is the real process, but harmless-looking getty appears in the process table. Never actually had a need to do this, but interesting nonetheless... Tested in bash, dash. -a $NAME "pass NAME as the zeroth argument to COMMAND", i.e. customise the name of the process (as commonly seen with `ps`) Show Sample Output

    exec -a "/sbin/getty 38400 tty7" your_cmd -erase_all_files
    mhs · 2012-02-01 10:54:03 2
  • top accecpts a comma separated list of PIDs.

    top -p $(pgrep -d , foo)
    michelsberg · 2012-06-27 20:59:09 0
  • ps and grep is a dangerous combination -- grep tries to match everything on each line (thus the all too common: grep -v grep hack). ps -C doesn't use grep, it uses the process table for an exact match. Thus, you'll get an accurate list with: ps -fC sh rather finding every process with sh somewhere on the line. Show Sample Output

    pooderbill · 2015-04-20 13:09:44 2
  • you can also pipe it to "tail" command to show 10 most memory using processes. Show Sample Output

    ps aux --sort=%mem,%cpu
    mrwill · 2009-10-10 22:48:51 0
  • I don't truly enjoy many commands more than this one, which I alias to be ps1.. Cool to be able to see the heirarchy and makes it clearer what need to be killed, and whats really going on. Show Sample Output

    command ps -Hacl -F S -A f
    AskApache · 2009-08-19 07:08:19 1
  • This one-liner will use strace to attach to all of the currently running apache processes output and piped from the initial "ps auxw" command into some awk. Show Sample Output

    ps auxw | grep sbin/apache | awk '{print"-p " $2}' | xargs strace
    px · 2011-03-14 21:45:22 7
  • to omit "grep -v", put some brackets around a single character

    watch "ps auxw | grep [d]efunct"
    alvinx · 2009-08-12 08:11:16 1
  • enumerates the number of processes for each user. ps BSD format is used here , for standard Unix format use : ps -eLf |awk '{$1} {++P[$1]} END {for(a in P) if (a !="UID") print a,P[a]}' Show Sample Output

    ps aux |awk '{$1} {++P[$1]} END {for(a in P) if (a !="USER") print a,P[a]}'
    benyounes · 2010-04-28 15:25:18 0
  • faster ;) but your idea is really cool

    ps -ef | grep c\\ommand
    ioggstream · 2011-01-04 11:43:14 0
  • Shows all those processes; useful when building some massively forking script that could lead to zombies when you don't have your waitpid()'s done just right.

    watch "ps auxw | grep 'defunct' | grep -v 'grep' | grep -v 'watch'"
    coffeeaddict_nl · 2009-08-11 12:22:13 1
  • pgrep foo may return several pids for process foobar footy01 etc. like this: 11427 12576 12577 sed puts "-p " in front and we pass a list to top: top -p 11427 -p 12576 -p 12577

    top $(pgrep foo | sed 's|^|-p |g')
    michelsberg · 2012-06-14 15:13:00 0
  • This command will add up RAM usage of all processes whose name contains "java" and output the sum of percentages in HRF. Also, unlike the original #15430, it wont fail on processes with a usage of >9.9%. Pleases note that this command wont work reliably in use cases where a significant portion of processes involved are using less than 0.1% of RAM, because they will be counted as "0", even though a great number of them could add up to significant amounts. Show Sample Output

    ps -eo pmem,comm | grep java | awk '{sum+=$1} END {print sum " % of RAM"}'
    bugmenot · 2016-02-10 09:00:56 0
  • An easy function to get a process tree listing (very detailed) for all the processes of any gived user. This function is also in my Show Sample Output

    psu(){ command ps -Hcl -F S f -u ${1:-$USER}; }
    AskApache · 2009-11-13 06:10:33 1
  • Referring to the original post, if you are using $! then that means the process is a child of the current shell, so you can just use `wait $!`. If you are trying to wait for a process created outside of the current shell, then the loop on `kill -0 $PID` is good; although, you can't get the exit status of the process.

    wait $!
    noahspurrier · 2010-06-07 21:56:36 0
  • Like the original version except it does not include the parent apache process or the grep process and adds "sudo" so it can be run by user.

    ps h --ppid $(cat /var/run/ | awk '{print"-p " $1}' | xargs sudo strace
    colinmollenhour · 2012-03-21 01:59:41 0
  • Like command 10870, but no need for sed

    top '-p' $(pgrep -d ' -p ' foo)
    __ · 2012-06-27 18:32:03 3
  • Finding high memory usage report in human readable format. Show Sample Output

    ps -eo size,pid,user,command --sort -size |awk '{hr[1024**2]="GB";hr[1024]="MB";for (x=1024**3; x>=1024; x/=1024){if ($1>=x){printf ("%-6.2f %s ", $1/x, hr[x]);break}}}{printf ("%-6s %-10s ", $2, $3)}{for (x=4;x<=NF;x++){printf ("%s ",$x)} print ("\n")}'
    rockon · 2012-11-27 04:29:08 7
  • Show the command line for a PID with ps

    ps h -o %a 21679
    BeniBela · 2015-09-27 11:00:07 2
  • Will open strace on all apache process, on systems using sbin/apache (debian) or sbin/httpd (redhat), and will follow threads newly created.

    ps auxw | grep -E 'sbin/(apache|httpd)' | awk '{print"-p " $2}' | xargs strace -F
    gormux · 2016-08-04 10:59:58 0
  • Short list about top 10 processes, sorted by CPU usage Show Sample Output

    ps aux | sort -rk 3,3 | head -n 10
    x3mboy · 2018-10-29 20:00:36 1
  • I've wanted this for a long time, finally just sat down and came up with it. This shows you the sorted output of ps in a pretty format perfect for cron or startup scripts. You can sort by changing the k -vsz to k -pmem for example to sort by memory instead. If you want a function, here's one from my aa_top_ps(){ local T N=${1:-10};T=${2:-vsz}; ps wwo pid,user,group,vsize:8,size:8,sz:6,rss:6,pmem:7,pcpu:7,time:7,wchan,sched=,stat,flags,comm,args k -${T} -A|sed -u "/^ *PID/d;${N}q"; } Show Sample Output

    command ps wwo pid,user,group,vsize:8,size:8,sz:6,rss:6,pmem:7,pcpu:7,time:7,wchan,sched=,stat,flags,comm,args k -vsz -A|sed -u '/^ *PID/d;10q'
    AskApache · 2010-05-18 18:41:38 1
  • Shows a list of users that currently running processes are executing as. YMMV regarding ps and it's many variants. For example, you might need: ps -axgu | cut -f1 -d' ' | sort -u Show Sample Output

    ps -eo user | sort -u
    dfaulkner · 2010-07-07 12:28:44 0
  • While going through the source code for the well known ps command, I read about some interesting things.. Namely, that there are a bunch of different fields that ps can try and enumerate for you. These are fields I was not able to find in the man pages, documentation, only in the source. Here is a longer function that goes through each of the formats recognized by the ps on your machine, executes it, and then prompts you whether you would like to add it or not. Adding it simply adds it to an array that is then printed when you ctrl-c or at the end of the function run. This lets you save your favorite ones and then see the command to put in your .bash_profile like mine at : Note that I had to do the exec method below in order to pause with read. t () { local r l a P f=/tmp/ps c='command ps wwo pid:6,user:8,vsize:8,comm:20' IFS=' '; trap 'exec 66 exec 66 $f && command ps L | tr -s ' ' >&$f; while read -u66 l >&/dev/null; do a=${l/% */}; $c,$a k -${a//%/} -A; yn "Add $a" && P[$SECONDS]=$a; done } Show Sample Output

    for p in `ps L|cut -d' ' -f1`;do echo -e "`tput clear;read -p$p -n1 p`";ps wwo pid:6,user:8,comm:10,$p kpid -A;done
    AskApache · 2010-10-12 06:42:10 1
  • (separator = $IFS)

    ps aux | sort -nk 6
    totti · 2011-08-16 11:04:45 0
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ANSI Terminal Color Test using python
Pre-packaged python script that comes with Debian/Ubuntu.

Quick directory bookmarks
Set a bookmark as normal shell variable $ p=/cumbersome/path/to/project To go there $ to p This saves one "$" and is faster to type ;-) The variable is still useful as such: $ vim $p/ will expand the variable (at least in bash) and show a list of files to edit. If setting the bookmarks is too much typing you could add another function $ bm() { eval $1=$(pwd); } then bookmark the current directory with $ bm p

Which processes are listening on a specific port (e.g. port 80)
swap out "80" for your port of interest. Can use port number or named ports e.g. "http"

List your largest installed packages (on Debian/Ubuntu)
The other commands were good, but they included packages that were installed and then removed. This command only shows packages that are currently installed, sorts smallest to largest, and formats the sizes to be human readable.

Use mplayer to save video streams to a file
I use this command to save RTSP video streams over night from one of our national TV stations, so I won't have to squeeze the data through my slow internet connection when I want to watch it the next day. For ease of use, you might want to put this in a file: #!/bin/bash FILE="`basename \"$1\"`" mplayer -dumpstream -dumpfile "$FILE" -playlist "$1"

Edit video by cutting the part you like without transcoding.
Examples: The following will take frames starting at 15.2 seconds for a total of 45.9 seconds: $ mencoder -ss 15.2 -endpos 30.7 -oac copy -ovc copy mymovie.avi -o myeditedmovie.avi Keep in mind -endpos is the total time, i.e. the output video in this is 3 minutes 3 seconds in length: $ mencoder -ss 1 minute -endpos 2 minutes 3 seconds -oac copy -ovc copy mymovie.avi -o myeditedmovie.avi

list block devices
Shows all block devices in a tree with descruptions of what they are.

Find usb device in realtime
Using this command you can track a moment when usb device was attached.

Import SQL into MySQL with a progress meter
This uses PV to monitor the progress of the MySQL import and displays it though Zenity. You could also do this pv ~/database.sql | mysql -u root -pPASSWORD -D database_name and get a display in the CLI that looks like this 2.19MB 0:00:06 [ 160kB/s] [> ] 5% ETA 0:01:40 My Nautalus script using this command is here

Update grub menu.lst
Remove all commented lines Remove all blank lines Show the menu Up the delay so you have enough time to select a kernel Remove the quiet so you can watch the entire boot Add a rootdelay for san attached storage booting

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