Commands using apt (50)

  • That command installs "most" and make this command as the default man reader. The "most" works like "less" (the current man reader), but it render colors for manpages and may do more things. Read "man most". You can see a preview here: http://www.dicas-l.com.br/dicas-l/20090718.php


    26
    apt-get install most && update-alternatives --set pager /usr/bin/most
    aurium · 2010-01-04 14:13:55 4

  • 12
    apt-get install `ssh [email protected]_you_want_to_clone "dpkg -l | grep ii" | awk '{print $2}'`
    TuxOtaku · 2011-05-10 13:33:51 3
  • Bash's here string


    12
    sudo -s <<< 'apt update -y && apt upgrade -y'
    metropolis · 2019-08-07 14:03:30 3

  • 7
    apt-get moo
    vavincavent · 2009-02-15 21:15:38 5
  • Requires: imagemagick and graphviz On Debian systems, displays a graph of package dependencies. Works also with other image formats, like svg : apt-cache dotty bash | dot -T svg | display


    7
    apt-cache dotty apache2 | dot -T png | display
    raphink · 2009-02-18 14:27:31 0
  • search ubuntu's remote package source repositories for a specific program to see which package contains it Show Sample Output


    7
    apt-file find bin/programname
    nickleus · 2009-11-10 10:21:45 2

  • 5
    apt-file search iostat
    tersmitten · 2011-07-24 11:56:31 3
  • Shows all configurations to apt and dpkg, rarely changed, you probably still have the default configuration. Go ahead and explore your configuration if you dare, perhaps change your apt-cache directory, Dir::Cache "var/cache/apt/"; or the names of the log files. Show Sample Output


    5
    apt-config dump
    LinuxMan · 2011-12-13 19:11:02 1

  • 4
    apt-cache stats
    0disse0 · 2009-09-03 19:29:17 0
  • This will take the packages matching a given `apt-cache search` query (a collection of AND'd words or regexps) and tell you how popular they are. This is particularly nice for those times you have to figure out which solution to use for e.g. a PDF reader or a VNC client. Substitute "ubuntu.com" for "debian.org" if you want this to use Ubuntu's data instead. Everything else will work perfectly. Show Sample Output


    4
    apt-popcon() { (echo \#rank; apt-cache search "[email protected]" |awk '$1 !~ /^lib/ {print " "$1" "}') |grep -Ff- <(wget -qqO- http://popcon.debian.org/by_inst.gz |gunzip); }
    adamhotep · 2012-09-08 00:29:31 0
  • Create Debian package dependency graph using GraphViz


    3
    apt-cache dotty PKG-NAME | dot -Tpng | display
    auriza · 2010-01-02 16:20:56 1

  • 3
    apt-get --just-print upgrade
    noqqe · 2010-02-18 11:19:05 5
  • if you don't want to show string "version?, then use awk or cut filter it: apt-cache show pkgname | grep -i "version:" | awk '{ print $2 }' we can also use regex to search many packages and show their versions: apt-cache search pkgregex | grep -i "version:" Show Sample Output


    3
    apt-cache show pkgname | grep -i "version:"
    emacs · 2010-06-03 00:48:39 0
  • This let's you find out the total packages that have available upgrades. Usefull if you want to check or show the total available upgrades on your system. Show Sample Output


    3
    apt-get -s upgrade | awk '/[0-9]+ upgraded,/ {print $1 " package updates are available"}'
    lpanebr · 2012-03-29 17:04:32 0
  • After, check if working by executing this command locally : git clone [email protected]:repositories/gitosis-admin.git Tutorial : http://blog.hemca.com/?p=560


    2
    apt-get -y install git-core gitosis; adduser --home /home/git --gecos "git user" git; su git -c "ssh-keygen -t rsa -f /home/git/.ssh/id_rsa; gitosis-init < ~/.ssh/id_rsa"
    strzel_a · 2010-12-19 20:37:12 0
  • Works for debian and ubuntu based distros. Show Sample Output


    2
    apt list --upgradable | grep -v 'Listing...' | cut -d/ -f1 | tr '\r\n' ' ' | sed '$s/ $/\n/'
    bugmenot · 2019-12-13 16:16:19 2
  • An apt-get wrapper function which will run the command via sudo, but will run it normally if you're only downloading source files. This was a bit of an excuse to show off the framework of cmd && echo true || echo false ...but as you can see, you must be careful about what is in the "true" block to make sure it executes without error, otherwise the "false" block will be executed. To allow the apt-get return code to pass through, you need to use a more normal if/else block: apt-get () { if [ "$1" = source ]; then command apt-get "[email protected]"; else sudo apt-get "[email protected]"; fi }


    1
    apt-get () { [ "$1" = source ] && (command apt-get "[email protected]";true) || sudo apt-get "[email protected]" }
    mulad · 2009-02-19 04:17:24 1
  • Taken from apticron and modified. Show Sample Output


    1
    apt-get --ignore-hold --allow-unauthenticated -s dist-upgrade | grep ^Inst | cut -d ' ' -f2
    phunehehe · 2013-01-07 11:21:58 0
  • Usefull if you only want to see the package names, or if you want to use them in a script.


    1
    apt-get -s upgrade | awk '/Inst.+/ {print $2}'
    lpanebr · 2013-03-25 21:23:11 0
  • In this case, linux- is the prefix; simply running apt-cache pkgnames would list every package APT knows about. The default APT config assumes -g, --generate; to use the cache as/is, you could similarly run: apt-cache --no-generate pkgnames [prefix] Adding --all-names, like so: apt-cache --no-generate --all-names pkgnames [prefix] would print all the packages APT knows about, using the cache as/is, including virtual packages and missing dependencies. This command was shamelessly stolen from the apt-cache(8) man-page. Show Sample Output


    1
    apt-cache pkgnames linux-
    benjabean1 · 2014-12-14 06:48:57 0
  • An alternative without aptitude.


    1
    apt-mark showmanual|xargs sudo apt-mark markauto
    DellDor · 2015-08-10 02:35:22 0
  • If, for example, you want to remove all kernels and headers but the last three versions, you can't use one of that magic all-in-one "remove old stuff" commands. With this simple but elegant command you can remove a range of versions, or a list of versions with e.g. {14,16,20}. Show Sample Output


    1
    apt purge linux*{14..18}*
    ppq · 2016-04-20 07:44:55 0
  • This will also work with bash instead of sh shell sudo bash -c 'apt update -y && apt upgrade -y'


    1
    sudo sh -c 'apt update -y && apt upgrade -y'
    ioshield · 2019-07-31 04:39:40 0
  • Search the names and descriptions of all available packages and prints out the name and the short description.


    0
    apt-cache search someregex
    chrisdrew · 2009-02-07 09:15:19 1
  • For example: check the APT security keys to make sure the Google digital signature was imported correctly Show Sample Output


    0
    apt-key list
    0disse0 · 2009-09-03 19:32:11 0
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Mute speakers after an hour
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Which processes are listening on a specific port (e.g. port 80)
swap out "80" for your port of interest. Can use port number or named ports e.g. "http"

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Issues a scan command on the given scsi host adapter (ex. a fibre channel adapter, in the example above on host0). Output can be watched in the messages log or in "dmesg"

Which processes are listening on a specific port (e.g. port 80)
swap out "80" for your port of interest. Can use port number or named ports e.g. "http"

Printable random characters
Reads psuedorandom bytes from /dev/urandom, filtering out non-printable ones. Other character classes can be used, such as [:alpha:], [:digit:] and [:alnum:]. To get a string of 10 lowercase letters: $ tr -dc '[:lower:]' < /dev/urandom | head -c 10

Simplest way to get size (in bytes) of a file

Match a URL
For the record: I didn't build this. Just shared what I found that worked. Apologies to the original author! I decided I should fix the case where http://example.com is not matched for the next time I need this. So I read rfc1035 and formalized the host name regex. If anyone finds any more holes, please comment.

Change mysql prompt to be more verbose
You can put this into your shell sourced file like .bashrc or .zshrc to have a different mysql prompt. See http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.1/de/mysql-commands.html for more informations. Beware that currently with mysql 5.5 the seconds are buggy and won't be displayed if you put this into a .cnf file. With the enironment variable this will work.

Rip a video for archiving, from any site
Download video files from a bunch of sites (here is a list https://rg3.github.io/youtube-dl/supportedsites.html). The options say: base filename on title, ignores errors and continue partial downloads. Also, stores some metadata into a .json file plz. Paste youtube users and playlists for extra fun. Protip: git-annex loves these files

Are the two lines anagrams?
This works by reading in two lines of input, turning each into a list of one-character matches that are sorted and compared.


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