Commands using apt (50)

  • That command installs "most" and make this command as the default man reader. The "most" works like "less" (the current man reader), but it render colors for manpages and may do more things. Read "man most". You can see a preview here:

    apt-get install most && update-alternatives --set pager /usr/bin/most
    aurium · 2010-01-04 14:13:55 5

  • 13
    apt-get install `ssh root@host_you_want_to_clone "dpkg -l | grep ii" | awk '{print $2}'`
    BoxingOctopus · 2011-05-10 13:33:51 3
  • Bash's here string

    sudo -s <<< 'apt update -y && apt upgrade -y'
    metropolis · 2019-08-07 14:03:30 14

  • 8
    apt-get moo
    vavincavent · 2009-02-15 21:15:38 6
  • Requires: imagemagick and graphviz On Debian systems, displays a graph of package dependencies. Works also with other image formats, like svg : apt-cache dotty bash | dot -T svg | display

    apt-cache dotty apache2 | dot -T png | display
    raphink · 2009-02-18 14:27:31 3
  • search ubuntu's remote package source repositories for a specific program to see which package contains it Show Sample Output

    apt-file find bin/programname
    nickleus · 2009-11-10 10:21:45 2
  • Shows all configurations to apt and dpkg, rarely changed, you probably still have the default configuration. Go ahead and explore your configuration if you dare, perhaps change your apt-cache directory, Dir::Cache "var/cache/apt/"; or the names of the log files. Show Sample Output

    apt-config dump
    LinuxMan · 2011-12-13 19:11:02 4

  • 5
    apt-file search iostat
    tersmitten · 2011-07-24 11:56:31 3
  • This will take the packages matching a given `apt-cache search` query (a collection of AND'd words or regexps) and tell you how popular they are. This is particularly nice for those times you have to figure out which solution to use for e.g. a PDF reader or a VNC client. Substitute "" for "" if you want this to use Ubuntu's data instead. Everything else will work perfectly. Show Sample Output

    apt-popcon() { (echo \#rank; apt-cache search "$@" |awk '$1 !~ /^lib/ {print " "$1" "}') |grep -Ff- <(wget -qqO- |gunzip); }
    adamhotep · 2012-09-08 00:29:31 0

  • 4
    apt-cache stats
    0disse0 · 2009-09-03 19:29:17 0
  • Create Debian package dependency graph using GraphViz

    apt-cache dotty PKG-NAME | dot -Tpng | display
    auriza · 2010-01-02 16:20:56 1

  • 3
    apt-get --just-print upgrade
    noqqe · 2010-02-18 11:19:05 5
  • if you don't want to show string "version?, then use awk or cut filter it: apt-cache show pkgname | grep -i "version:" | awk '{ print $2 }' we can also use regex to search many packages and show their versions: apt-cache search pkgregex | grep -i "version:" Show Sample Output

    apt-cache show pkgname | grep -i "version:"
    emacs · 2010-06-03 00:48:39 1
  • This let's you find out the total packages that have available upgrades. Usefull if you want to check or show the total available upgrades on your system. Show Sample Output

    apt-get -s upgrade | awk '/[0-9]+ upgraded,/ {print $1 " package updates are available"}'
    lpanebr · 2012-03-29 17:04:32 0
  • After, check if working by executing this command locally : git clone git@ Tutorial :

    apt-get -y install git-core gitosis; adduser --home /home/git --gecos "git user" git; su git -c "ssh-keygen -t rsa -f /home/git/.ssh/id_rsa; gitosis-init < ~/.ssh/id_rsa"
    strzel_a · 2010-12-19 20:37:12 2
  • Works for debian and ubuntu based distros. Show Sample Output

    apt list --upgradable | grep -v 'Listing...' | cut -d/ -f1 | tr '\r\n' ' ' | sed '$s/ $/\n/'
    bugmenot · 2019-12-13 16:16:19 17
  • An apt-get wrapper function which will run the command via sudo, but will run it normally if you're only downloading source files. This was a bit of an excuse to show off the framework of cmd && echo true || echo false ...but as you can see, you must be careful about what is in the "true" block to make sure it executes without error, otherwise the "false" block will be executed. To allow the apt-get return code to pass through, you need to use a more normal if/else block: apt-get () { if [ "$1" = source ]; then command apt-get "$@"; else sudo apt-get "$@"; fi }

    apt-get () { [ "$1" = source ] && (command apt-get "$@";true) || sudo apt-get "$@" }
    mulad · 2009-02-19 04:17:24 2
  • Taken from apticron and modified. Show Sample Output

    apt-get --ignore-hold --allow-unauthenticated -s dist-upgrade | grep ^Inst | cut -d ' ' -f2
    phunehehe · 2013-01-07 11:21:58 0
  • Usefull if you only want to see the package names, or if you want to use them in a script.

    apt-get -s upgrade | awk '/Inst.+/ {print $2}'
    lpanebr · 2013-03-25 21:23:11 0
  • In this case, linux- is the prefix; simply running apt-cache pkgnames would list every package APT knows about. The default APT config assumes -g, --generate; to use the cache as/is, you could similarly run: apt-cache --no-generate pkgnames [prefix] Adding --all-names, like so: apt-cache --no-generate --all-names pkgnames [prefix] would print all the packages APT knows about, using the cache as/is, including virtual packages and missing dependencies. This command was shamelessly stolen from the apt-cache(8) man-page. Show Sample Output

    apt-cache pkgnames linux-
    benjabean1 · 2014-12-14 06:48:57 1
  • An alternative without aptitude.

    apt-mark showmanual|xargs sudo apt-mark markauto
    DellDor · 2015-08-10 02:35:22 4
  • If, for example, you want to remove all kernels and headers but the last three versions, you can't use one of that magic all-in-one "remove old stuff" commands. With this simple but elegant command you can remove a range of versions, or a list of versions with e.g. {14,16,20}. Show Sample Output

    apt purge linux*{14..18}*
    ppq · 2016-04-20 07:44:55 2
  • This will also work with bash instead of sh shell sudo bash -c 'apt update -y && apt upgrade -y'

    sudo sh -c 'apt update -y && apt upgrade -y'
    ioshield · 2019-07-31 04:39:40 16
  • Search the names and descriptions of all available packages and prints out the name and the short description.

    apt-cache search someregex
    chrisdrew · 2009-02-07 09:15:19 3
  • For example: check the APT security keys to make sure the Google digital signature was imported correctly Show Sample Output

    apt-key list
    0disse0 · 2009-09-03 19:32:11 0
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Convert images (jpg, png, ...) into a PDF
Converts images (maybe from scans) into a PDF

rclone - include Service account blobs to your config
For easy portability you can include you service account blobs directly to your rclone config. So it generate a rclone config like the following: [dst977] type = drive scope = drive service_account_credentials = {"type":"service_account","project_id":"saf-ju66hcgi8qf8zidhvfww4oxwe7","private[.................] }

Copy the full path of a file to the clipboard (requires xclip or similar)
Handy for those times you need to paste a file path in an IDE or some other app. sudo apt-get install xclip Then, for convenience, alias xclip to 'xclip -selection c' so you can just do something like realpath . | xclip

Prepend a text to a file.
The original command is great, but I often want to prepend to every line.

File rotation without rename command
Rotates log files with "gz"-extension in a directory for 7 days and enumerates the number in file name. i.e.: logfile.1.gz > logfile.2.gz I needed this line due to the limitations on AIX Unix systems which do not ship with the rename command.

Create QR codes from a URL.
QR codes are those funny square 2d bar codes that everyone seems to be pointing their smart phones at. Try the following... $ qrurl Then open qr.*.png in your favorite image viewer. Point your the bar code reader on your smart phone at the code, and you'll shortly be reading xkcd on your phone. URLs are not the only thing that can be encoded by QR codes... short texts (to around 2K) can be encoded this way, although this function doesn't do any URL encoding, so unless you want to do that by hand it won't be useful for that.

[vim] Clear trailing whitespace in file
% acts on every line in the file. \s matches spaces. \+ matches one or more occurrences of what's right behind it. Character '$' matches end-of-line.

Count the number of characters in a string from the standard input.

Search some text from all files inside a directory

Convert JSON to YAML
Requires installing json2yaml via npm: npm install -g json2yaml (can also pipe from stdin) Ref:

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