Commands using apt (50)

  • That command installs "most" and make this command as the default man reader. The "most" works like "less" (the current man reader), but it render colors for manpages and may do more things. Read "man most". You can see a preview here:

    apt-get install most && update-alternatives --set pager /usr/bin/most
    aurium · 2010-01-04 14:13:55 4

  • 12
    apt-get install `ssh root@host_you_want_to_clone "dpkg -l | grep ii" | awk '{print $2}'`
    TuxOtaku · 2011-05-10 13:33:51 3
  • Bash's here string

    sudo -s <<< 'apt update -y && apt upgrade -y'
    metropolis · 2019-08-07 14:03:30 6

  • 7
    apt-get moo
    vavincavent · 2009-02-15 21:15:38 5
  • Requires: imagemagick and graphviz On Debian systems, displays a graph of package dependencies. Works also with other image formats, like svg : apt-cache dotty bash | dot -T svg | display

    apt-cache dotty apache2 | dot -T png | display
    raphink · 2009-02-18 14:27:31 0
  • search ubuntu's remote package source repositories for a specific program to see which package contains it Show Sample Output

    apt-file find bin/programname
    nickleus · 2009-11-10 10:21:45 2

  • 5
    apt-file search iostat
    tersmitten · 2011-07-24 11:56:31 3
  • Shows all configurations to apt and dpkg, rarely changed, you probably still have the default configuration. Go ahead and explore your configuration if you dare, perhaps change your apt-cache directory, Dir::Cache "var/cache/apt/"; or the names of the log files. Show Sample Output

    apt-config dump
    LinuxMan · 2011-12-13 19:11:02 1

  • 4
    apt-cache stats
    0disse0 · 2009-09-03 19:29:17 0
  • This will take the packages matching a given `apt-cache search` query (a collection of AND'd words or regexps) and tell you how popular they are. This is particularly nice for those times you have to figure out which solution to use for e.g. a PDF reader or a VNC client. Substitute "" for "" if you want this to use Ubuntu's data instead. Everything else will work perfectly. Show Sample Output

    apt-popcon() { (echo \#rank; apt-cache search "$@" |awk '$1 !~ /^lib/ {print " "$1" "}') |grep -Ff- <(wget -qqO- |gunzip); }
    adamhotep · 2012-09-08 00:29:31 0
  • Create Debian package dependency graph using GraphViz

    apt-cache dotty PKG-NAME | dot -Tpng | display
    auriza · 2010-01-02 16:20:56 1

  • 3
    apt-get --just-print upgrade
    noqqe · 2010-02-18 11:19:05 5
  • if you don't want to show string "version?, then use awk or cut filter it: apt-cache show pkgname | grep -i "version:" | awk '{ print $2 }' we can also use regex to search many packages and show their versions: apt-cache search pkgregex | grep -i "version:" Show Sample Output

    apt-cache show pkgname | grep -i "version:"
    emacs · 2010-06-03 00:48:39 0
  • This let's you find out the total packages that have available upgrades. Usefull if you want to check or show the total available upgrades on your system. Show Sample Output

    apt-get -s upgrade | awk '/[0-9]+ upgraded,/ {print $1 " package updates are available"}'
    lpanebr · 2012-03-29 17:04:32 0
  • After, check if working by executing this command locally : git clone git@ Tutorial :

    apt-get -y install git-core gitosis; adduser --home /home/git --gecos "git user" git; su git -c "ssh-keygen -t rsa -f /home/git/.ssh/id_rsa; gitosis-init < ~/.ssh/id_rsa"
    strzel_a · 2010-12-19 20:37:12 0
  • Works for debian and ubuntu based distros. Show Sample Output

    apt list --upgradable | grep -v 'Listing...' | cut -d/ -f1 | tr '\r\n' ' ' | sed '$s/ $/\n/'
    bugmenot · 2019-12-13 16:16:19 8
  • An apt-get wrapper function which will run the command via sudo, but will run it normally if you're only downloading source files. This was a bit of an excuse to show off the framework of cmd && echo true || echo false ...but as you can see, you must be careful about what is in the "true" block to make sure it executes without error, otherwise the "false" block will be executed. To allow the apt-get return code to pass through, you need to use a more normal if/else block: apt-get () { if [ "$1" = source ]; then command apt-get "$@"; else sudo apt-get "$@"; fi }

    apt-get () { [ "$1" = source ] && (command apt-get "$@";true) || sudo apt-get "$@" }
    mulad · 2009-02-19 04:17:24 1
  • Taken from apticron and modified. Show Sample Output

    apt-get --ignore-hold --allow-unauthenticated -s dist-upgrade | grep ^Inst | cut -d ' ' -f2
    phunehehe · 2013-01-07 11:21:58 0
  • Usefull if you only want to see the package names, or if you want to use them in a script.

    apt-get -s upgrade | awk '/Inst.+/ {print $2}'
    lpanebr · 2013-03-25 21:23:11 0
  • In this case, linux- is the prefix; simply running apt-cache pkgnames would list every package APT knows about. The default APT config assumes -g, --generate; to use the cache as/is, you could similarly run: apt-cache --no-generate pkgnames [prefix] Adding --all-names, like so: apt-cache --no-generate --all-names pkgnames [prefix] would print all the packages APT knows about, using the cache as/is, including virtual packages and missing dependencies. This command was shamelessly stolen from the apt-cache(8) man-page. Show Sample Output

    apt-cache pkgnames linux-
    benjabean1 · 2014-12-14 06:48:57 0
  • An alternative without aptitude.

    apt-mark showmanual|xargs sudo apt-mark markauto
    DellDor · 2015-08-10 02:35:22 0
  • If, for example, you want to remove all kernels and headers but the last three versions, you can't use one of that magic all-in-one "remove old stuff" commands. With this simple but elegant command you can remove a range of versions, or a list of versions with e.g. {14,16,20}. Show Sample Output

    apt purge linux*{14..18}*
    ppq · 2016-04-20 07:44:55 0
  • This will also work with bash instead of sh shell sudo bash -c 'apt update -y && apt upgrade -y'

    sudo sh -c 'apt update -y && apt upgrade -y'
    ioshield · 2019-07-31 04:39:40 8
  • Search the names and descriptions of all available packages and prints out the name and the short description.

    apt-cache search someregex
    chrisdrew · 2009-02-07 09:15:19 1
  • For example: check the APT security keys to make sure the Google digital signature was imported correctly Show Sample Output

    apt-key list
    0disse0 · 2009-09-03 19:32:11 0
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Which processes are listening on a specific port (e.g. port 80)
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Compare prices in euro of the HTC Desire on all the european websites of Expansys.
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List known debian vulnerabilities on your system -- many of which may not yet be patched.
You can search for CVEs at or use --report to get full links. This can be added to cron, but unless you're going to do manual patches, you'd just be torturing yourself.

Stop procrastination on
or echo '' | sudo tee -a /etc/hosts Do not execute this command if you don't know what you are doing.

Run a command multiple times with different subcommands
it's nice to be able to use the command `ls program.{h,c,cpp}`. This expands to `ls program.h program.c program.cpp`. Note: This is a text expansion, not a shell wildcard type expansion that looks at matching file names to calculate the expansion. More details at I often run multiple commands (like apt-get) one after the other with different subcommands. Just for fun this wraps the whole thing into a single line that uses brace expansion.

Check the status of a network interface
no need for installing mii-tools, all generic tools working under archlinux.

Capitalize first letter of each word in a string - A ruby alternative
"-n" loops around ; "-e" executes the given quoted string ; "$_" is the current line ; "split" creates an array on white space; each item of the array is "collected" to be then "capitalized" ; the array is "joined" back into a string.

Switch to the previous branch used in git(1)
Very useful if you keep switching between the same two branches all the time.

Create a backup of the file.
It will create a backup of the filename. The advantage is that if you list the folder the backups will be sorted by date. The command works on any unix in bash.

Download and install the OpenStore on the Ubuntu Phone
This will download and install the latest version of the open store on the ubuntu phone, this store includes unconfined applications such as the TweakGeek and the Ubuntu Touch Tweak Tool. You can see the install instructions from here:

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