Commands using apt (50)

  • That command installs "most" and make this command as the default man reader. The "most" works like "less" (the current man reader), but it render colors for manpages and may do more things. Read "man most". You can see a preview here: http://www.dicas-l.com.br/dicas-l/20090718.php


    27
    apt-get install most && update-alternatives --set pager /usr/bin/most
    aurium · 2010-01-04 14:13:55 9

  • 13
    apt-get install `ssh root@host_you_want_to_clone "dpkg -l | grep ii" | awk '{print $2}'`
    BoxingOctopus · 2011-05-10 13:33:51 5
  • Bash's here string


    12
    sudo -s <<< 'apt update -y && apt upgrade -y'
    metropolis · 2019-08-07 14:03:30 29

  • 8
    apt-get moo
    vavincavent · 2009-02-15 21:15:38 20
  • Requires: imagemagick and graphviz On Debian systems, displays a graph of package dependencies. Works also with other image formats, like svg : apt-cache dotty bash | dot -T svg | display


    8
    apt-cache dotty apache2 | dot -T png | display
    raphink · 2009-02-18 14:27:31 5
  • search ubuntu's remote package source repositories for a specific program to see which package contains it Show Sample Output


    7
    apt-file find bin/programname
    nickleus · 2009-11-10 10:21:45 4
  • Shows all configurations to apt and dpkg, rarely changed, you probably still have the default configuration. Go ahead and explore your configuration if you dare, perhaps change your apt-cache directory, Dir::Cache "var/cache/apt/"; or the names of the log files. Show Sample Output


    6
    apt-config dump
    LinuxMan · 2011-12-13 19:11:02 6

  • 5
    apt-file search iostat
    tersmitten · 2011-07-24 11:56:31 5
  • This will take the packages matching a given `apt-cache search` query (a collection of AND'd words or regexps) and tell you how popular they are. This is particularly nice for those times you have to figure out which solution to use for e.g. a PDF reader or a VNC client. Substitute "ubuntu.com" for "debian.org" if you want this to use Ubuntu's data instead. Everything else will work perfectly. Show Sample Output


    5
    apt-popcon() { (echo \#rank; apt-cache search "$@" |awk '$1 !~ /^lib/ {print " "$1" "}') |grep -Ff- <(wget -qqO- http://popcon.debian.org/by_inst.gz |gunzip); }
    adamhotep · 2012-09-08 00:29:31 2

  • 4
    apt-cache stats
    0disse0 · 2009-09-03 19:29:17 2
  • Create Debian package dependency graph using GraphViz


    3
    apt-cache dotty PKG-NAME | dot -Tpng | display
    auriza · 2010-01-02 16:20:56 3

  • 3
    apt-get --just-print upgrade
    noqqe · 2010-02-18 11:19:05 7
  • if you don't want to show string "version?, then use awk or cut filter it: apt-cache show pkgname | grep -i "version:" | awk '{ print $2 }' we can also use regex to search many packages and show their versions: apt-cache search pkgregex | grep -i "version:" Show Sample Output


    3
    apt-cache show pkgname | grep -i "version:"
    emacs · 2010-06-03 00:48:39 3
  • This let's you find out the total packages that have available upgrades. Usefull if you want to check or show the total available upgrades on your system. Show Sample Output


    3
    apt-get -s upgrade | awk '/[0-9]+ upgraded,/ {print $1 " package updates are available"}'
    lpanebr · 2012-03-29 17:04:32 2
  • After, check if working by executing this command locally : git clone git@192.168.0.18:repositories/gitosis-admin.git Tutorial : http://blog.hemca.com/?p=560


    2
    apt-get -y install git-core gitosis; adduser --home /home/git --gecos "git user" git; su git -c "ssh-keygen -t rsa -f /home/git/.ssh/id_rsa; gitosis-init < ~/.ssh/id_rsa"
    strzel_a · 2010-12-19 20:37:12 4
  • Works for debian and ubuntu based distros. Show Sample Output


    2
    apt list --upgradable | grep -v 'Listing...' | cut -d/ -f1 | tr '\r\n' ' ' | sed '$s/ $/\n/'
    bugmenot · 2019-12-13 16:16:19 33
  • An apt-get wrapper function which will run the command via sudo, but will run it normally if you're only downloading source files. This was a bit of an excuse to show off the framework of cmd && echo true || echo false ...but as you can see, you must be careful about what is in the "true" block to make sure it executes without error, otherwise the "false" block will be executed. To allow the apt-get return code to pass through, you need to use a more normal if/else block: apt-get () { if [ "$1" = source ]; then command apt-get "$@"; else sudo apt-get "$@"; fi }


    1
    apt-get () { [ "$1" = source ] && (command apt-get "$@";true) || sudo apt-get "$@" }
    mulad · 2009-02-19 04:17:24 4
  • Taken from apticron and modified. Show Sample Output


    1
    apt-get --ignore-hold --allow-unauthenticated -s dist-upgrade | grep ^Inst | cut -d ' ' -f2
    phunehehe · 2013-01-07 11:21:58 2
  • Usefull if you only want to see the package names, or if you want to use them in a script.


    1
    apt-get -s upgrade | awk '/Inst.+/ {print $2}'
    lpanebr · 2013-03-25 21:23:11 2
  • In this case, linux- is the prefix; simply running apt-cache pkgnames would list every package APT knows about. The default APT config assumes -g, --generate; to use the cache as/is, you could similarly run: apt-cache --no-generate pkgnames [prefix] Adding --all-names, like so: apt-cache --no-generate --all-names pkgnames [prefix] would print all the packages APT knows about, using the cache as/is, including virtual packages and missing dependencies. This command was shamelessly stolen from the apt-cache(8) man-page. Show Sample Output


    1
    apt-cache pkgnames linux-
    benjabean1 · 2014-12-14 06:48:57 5
  • An alternative without aptitude.


    1
    apt-mark showmanual|xargs sudo apt-mark markauto
    DellDor · 2015-08-10 02:35:22 8
  • If, for example, you want to remove all kernels and headers but the last three versions, you can't use one of that magic all-in-one "remove old stuff" commands. With this simple but elegant command you can remove a range of versions, or a list of versions with e.g. {14,16,20}. Show Sample Output


    1
    apt purge linux*{14..18}*
    ppq · 2016-04-20 07:44:55 7
  • This will also work with bash instead of sh shell sudo bash -c 'apt update -y && apt upgrade -y'


    1
    sudo sh -c 'apt update -y && apt upgrade -y'
    ioshield · 2019-07-31 04:39:40 29
  • Search the names and descriptions of all available packages and prints out the name and the short description.


    0
    apt-cache search someregex
    chrisdrew · 2009-02-07 09:15:19 9
  • For example: check the APT security keys to make sure the Google digital signature was imported correctly Show Sample Output


    0
    apt-key list
    0disse0 · 2009-09-03 19:32:11 2
  •  1 2 > 

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.

Share Your Commands


Check These Out

Show used disk space:

List detailed information about a ZIP archive
list zipfile info in long Unix ``ls -l'' format.

dont log current session to history

Output sound when your computer is downloading something
Outputs pseudo-random sounds to speakers (stereo mode because of -c 2) when there are any kind of network activity.

List your MACs address
The output of ifconfig is localized, using it will fail in non-English environment. "ip" command in iproute2 provides a consistent output and thus is more robust

Show apps that use internet connection at the moment.
This corrects duplicate output from the previous command.

Get a list of Mageia Linux mirrors providing rsync connectivity for Mageia 4 release
Need to find a Mageia Linux mirror server providing Mageia 4 via rsync? Modify the "url=" string for the version you want. This shows i586 which is the 32bit version. If you want the 64bit version it is: url=http://mirrors.mageia.org/api/mageia.4.x86_64.list; wget -q ${url} -O - | grep rsync:

find all writable (by user) files in a directory tree (use 4 for readable, 1 for executable)

Instead of writing a multiline if/then/else/fi construct you can do that by one line
instead of writing: if [[ "$1" == "$2" ]]; then echo "$1 is equal $2" else echo "$1 differs from $2" fi do write: [[ "$1" == "$2" ]] && echo "$1 is equal $2" || echo "$1 differs from $2"

Which processes are listening on a specific port (e.g. port 80)
swap out "80" for your port of interest. Can use port number or named ports e.g. "http"


Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for: