Commands tagged apt (23)

  • (also works on Ubuntu) Copies the 'install,' 'hold,' 'deinstall' and 'purge' states of packages on the remote machine to be matched on the local machine. Note: if packages were installed on the local machine that were never installed on the remote machine, they will not be deinstalled by this operation.


    27
    ssh remotehost 'dpkg --get-selections' | dpkg --set-selections && dselect install
    Mozai · 2011-05-12 17:26:43 0
  • Limits the usage of bandwidth by apt-get, in the example the command will use 30Kb/s ;) It should work for most apt-get actions (install, update, upgrade, dist-upgrade, etc.)


    16
    sudo apt-get -o Acquire::http::Dl-Limit=30 upgrade
    alemani · 2010-03-22 01:29:44 1

  • 12
    apt-get install `ssh root@host_you_want_to_clone "dpkg -l | grep ii" | awk '{print $2}'`
    TuxOtaku · 2011-05-10 13:33:51 3
  • Requires: imagemagick and graphviz On Debian systems, displays a graph of package dependencies. Works also with other image formats, like svg : apt-cache dotty bash | dot -T svg | display


    7
    apt-cache dotty apache2 | dot -T png | display
    raphink · 2009-02-18 14:27:31 0
  • Shows all configurations to apt and dpkg, rarely changed, you probably still have the default configuration. Go ahead and explore your configuration if you dare, perhaps change your apt-cache directory, Dir::Cache "var/cache/apt/"; or the names of the log files. Show Sample Output


    5
    apt-config dump
    LinuxMan · 2011-12-13 19:11:02 1

  • 3
    apt-get --just-print upgrade
    noqqe · 2010-02-18 11:19:05 5

  • 3
    dpkg -l
    linuxrawkstar · 2011-10-17 16:26:29 0
  • Change the APP variable's value to whatever you want to install. Depending on how fast your machine is, you'll want to adjust the value 50 to something else. You might also want to play a different game than Gnometris - just make sure it's a GUI game.


    2
    APP=wine; if [ $(sudo apt-get --print-uris -y install $APP | sed -ne 's/^After this operation, \([0-9]\{1,\}\).*MB.*/\1/p') -gt 50 ]; then gnometris 2>/dev/null & sudo apt-get install $APP; else sudo apt-get install $APP; fi
    rkulla · 2010-04-18 19:32:26 0
  • This script compares the modification date of /var/lib/dpkg/info/${package}.list and all the files mentioned there. It could be wrong on noatime partitions. Here is non-oneliner: #!/bin/sh package=$1; list=/var/lib/dpkg/info/${package}.list; inst=$(stat "$list" -c %X); cat $list | ( while read file; do if [ -f "$file" ]; then acc=$(stat "$file" -c %X); if [ $inst -lt $acc ]; then echo used $file exit 0 fi; fi; done exit 1 ) Show Sample Output


    1
    package=$1; list=/var/lib/dpkg/info/${package}.list; inst=$(stat "$list" -c %X); cat $list | (while read file; do if [ -f "$file" ];then acc=$(stat "$file" -c %X); if [ $inst -lt $acc ]; then echo used $file; exit 0; fi; fi; done; exit 1)
    pipeliner · 2010-09-20 18:10:19 0
  • Shows the packages installed on your system that are recomemnded by other packages. You should remove these packages. Show Sample Output


    1
    aptitude search '?and( ?automatic(?reverse-recommends(?installed)), ?not(?automatic(?reverse-depends(?installed))) )'
    wei2912 · 2012-07-28 05:45:21 0
  • Replace \-dev with whatever you wanna search for


    1
    dpkg-query -Wf '${Installed-Size}\t${Package}\n' | grep "\-dev" | sort -n | awk '{ sum+=$1} END {print sum/1024 "MB"}'
    threv · 2013-02-15 20:29:18 0
  • In this case, linux- is the prefix; simply running apt-cache pkgnames would list every package APT knows about. The default APT config assumes -g, --generate; to use the cache as/is, you could similarly run: apt-cache --no-generate pkgnames [prefix] Adding --all-names, like so: apt-cache --no-generate --all-names pkgnames [prefix] would print all the packages APT knows about, using the cache as/is, including virtual packages and missing dependencies. This command was shamelessly stolen from the apt-cache(8) man-page. Show Sample Output


    1
    apt-cache pkgnames linux-
    benjabean1 · 2014-12-14 06:48:57 0
  • If, for example, you want to remove all kernels and headers but the last three versions, you can't use one of that magic all-in-one "remove old stuff" commands. With this simple but elegant command you can remove a range of versions, or a list of versions with e.g. {14,16,20}. Show Sample Output


    1
    apt purge linux*{14..18}*
    ppq · 2016-04-20 07:44:55 0

  • 0
    apt-cache depends <packagename>
    piccobello · 2011-07-18 15:15:28 0

  • 0
    apt-cache rdepends <packagename>
    piccobello · 2011-07-18 15:17:02 0
  • This will print the name of every installed package on a Debian system.


    0
    aptitude search ~i -F %p
    dbbolton · 2011-10-15 00:31:10 0
  • ">>" appends to the file ">" replaces the entire file make sure to use ">>" Show Sample Output


    0
    sudo echo "package url" >> /etc/apt/sources.list
    Gunni · 2012-05-01 21:32:51 0
  • Removes packages that are recommended by other packages.


    0
    aptitude remove '?and( ?automatic(?reverse-recommends(?installed)), ?not(?automatic(?reverse-depends(?installed))) )'
    wei2912 · 2012-07-28 05:50:57 0
  • Install Ksuperkey one command in Kubuntu. You must manually add ksuperkey to autostart in System Settings KDE.


    0
    sudo apt-get install git gcc make libx11-dev libxtst-dev pkg-config -y && git clone https://github.com/hanschen/ksuperkey.git && cd ksuperkey && make && sudo mv ksuperkey /usr/bin/ksuperkey && cd ~ && rm -rf ksuperkey
    FadeMind · 2013-04-17 07:12:46 0
  • I personally like it very much and have wrapped it into a function, named "apt-propos" ;), also you can use --names-only option for a sort-of "apt-whatis"


    0
    apt-cache search byo | sed "s/^\([[:alnum:]\.-]*\) - /\1=%%%=- /" | column -s '=%%%=' -t
    VoidDroid · 2015-10-18 10:55:34 0

  • 0
    apt list --upgradable
    rschulze · 2018-03-06 17:45:01 0
  • For instance, to add mongodb 10gen package echo "deb http://downloads-distro.mongodb.org/repo/ubuntu-upstart dist 10gen" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list Show Sample Output


    -2
    echo "[some repository]" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list
    jjperezaguinaga · 2012-04-21 17:54:08 1
  • The legend in the first column: i = installed p = installable Show Sample Output


    -6
    aptitude search NAME
    CafeNinja · 2009-11-10 11:23:18 0

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.

Share Your Commands


Check These Out

Cropping a video file in ffmpeg

generate a telephone keypad
Draw a telephone keyboard, using just a shell built-in command.

Be notified about overheating of your CPU and/or motherboard
You'll be notified if your core 1 temperature exceeds 50 degrees, you can change the monitored device by editing the "Core 1" or change the critical temperature by editing the "-gt 50" part. Note: you must have lm-sensors installed and configured in order to get this command working.

Verify if ntpd is working properly
Used to verify if Network Time Protocol daemon is working properly.

Benchmark SQL Query
Benchmark a SQL query against MySQL Server. The example runs the query 10 times, and you get the average runtime in the output. To ensure that the query does not get cached, use `RESET QUERY CACHE;` on top in the query file.

use wget to check if a remote file exists
put your link [url] to check if exist the remote file

Simulate typing

tail: watch a filelog
-f file(s) to be monitorized -n number of last line to be printed on the screen in this example, the content of two files are displayed

give a binary the ability to open ports below 1024 as non root user
Binding a server to privileged port on Linux w/o running as root This is applicable to any service using privileged ports (< 1024), for instance to run a HTTP server on port 80 or a LDAP directory server on port 389 for example.

Encrypt and password-protect execution of any bash script, Version 2
(Please see sample output for usage) Use any script name (the read command gets it) and it will be encrypted with the extension .crypt, i.e.: myscript --> myscript.crypt You can execute myscript.crypt only if you know the password. If you die, your script dies with you. If you modify the startup line, be careful with the offset calculation of the crypted block (the XX string). Not difficult to make script editable (an offset-dd piped to a gpg -d piped to a vim - piped to a gpg -c directed to script.new ), but not enough space to do it on a one liner. Sorry for the chmod on parentheses, I dont like "-" at the end. Thanks flatcap for the subshell abbreviation to /dev/null


Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for: