All commands (12,698)

  • There are two ways to use "here documents" with bash to fill stdin: The following example shows use with the "bc" command. a) Using a delimiter at the end of data: less-than less-than eeooff bc > k=1024 > m=k*k > g=k*m > g > eeooff 1073741824 b) using the "inline" verion with three less-than symbols: less-than less-than less-than "k=1024; m=k*k; g=k*m; g" bc 1073741824 One nice advantage of using the triple less-than version is that the command can easily be recalled from command line history and re-executed. PS: in this "description", I had to use the name "less-than" to represent the less-than symbol because the commandlinefu input text box seems to eat up the real less-than symbols. Odd. Show Sample Output


    9
    <<<"k=1024; m=k*k; g=k*m; g" bc
    mpb · 2009-06-17 10:35:10 5
  • You need sysstat and gawk for this to work. Show Sample Output


    0
    for x in `seq -w 1 30`; do sar -b -f /var/log/sa/sa$x | gawk '/Average/ {print $2}'; done
    unixmonkey4319 · 2009-06-17 02:46:52 0
  • This set of commands was very convenient for me when I was preparing some xml files for typesetting a book. I wanted to check what styles I had to prepare but coudn't remember all tags that I used. This one saved me from error-prone browsing of all my files. It should be also useful if one tries to process xml files with xsl, when using own xml application.


    2
    grep -h -o '<[^/!?][^ >]*' * | sort -u | cut -c2-
    thebodzio · 2009-06-17 00:22:18 5
  • In the above example all files have 4 lines. In "file1" consecutive lines are: "num, 1, 2, 3", in "file2": "name, Jack, Jim, Frank" and in "file3": "scores, 1300, 1100, 980". This one liner can save considerate ammount of time when you're trying to process serious portions of data. "-d" option allows one to set series of characters to be used as separators between data originating from given files. Show Sample Output


    8
    paste -d ',:' file1 file2 file3
    thebodzio · 2009-06-17 00:11:04 5
  • find all email addresses in a file, printing each match. Addresses do not have to be alone on a line etc. For example you can grab them from HTML-formatted emails or CSV files, etc. Use a combination of ...|sort|uniq$ to filter them. Show Sample Output


    3
    grep -Eio '([[:alnum:]_.]+@[[:alnum:]_]+?\.[[:alpha:].]{2,6})' file.html
    wires · 2009-06-16 20:19:47 0
  • Search for the string "search" and replace it with the string "replace", on all files with the extension php in the curret folder. Do also a backup of each file with the extension "bkp".


    4
    ruby -i.bkp -pe "gsub(/search/, 'replace')" *.php
    gustavgans · 2009-06-16 12:35:40 1
  • Good for summing the numbers embedded in text - a food journal entry for example with calories listed per food where you want the total calories. Use this to monitor and keep a total on anything that ouputs numbers. Show Sample Output


    3
    perl -ne '$sum += $_ for grep { /\d+/ } split /[^\d\-\.]+/; print "$sum\n"'
    obscurite · 2009-06-16 06:39:08 1
  • This command will open up the two files in FileMerge on OS X. You can also compare two directories. opendiff directory1 directory2 NOTE: FileMerge is a part of the OS X Developer Tools, available on the install disc.


    -3
    opendiff <file1> <file2>
    claytron · 2009-06-16 03:22:52 3
  • Tells sort to ignore all characters before the Xth position in the first field per line. If you have a list of items one per line and want to ignore the first two characters for sorting purposes, you would type "sort -k1.3". Change the "1" to change the field being sorted. The decimal value is the offset in the specified field to sort by.


    3
    sort -k1.x
    leper421 · 2009-06-16 00:04:21 0
  • If you're users have ever asked your script to email their reports in separate attachments instead of tar'ring them into one file, then you can use this. You'll need the mailx package of course. In Unix you'd want to add an additional parameter "-m" (uuencode foo.txt foo.txt; uuencode /etc/passwd passwd.txt)|mailx -m -s "Hooosa!" someone@cmdfu.com


    1
    (uuencode foo.txt foo.txt; uuencode /etc/passwd passwd.txt)|mailx -s "Pandaren!" someone@cmdfu.com
    LrdShaper · 2009-06-15 11:34:51 0
  • Uses process signal to play next selection


    1
    killall -2 mpg321
    dattaway · 2009-06-15 03:04:00 0
  • Pressing ESC then * will insert in the command line the results of the autocompletion. It's hard to explain but if you look the sample output or do echo ESC * you will understand quickly. By the way, few reminders about ESC : - Hold ESC does the same thing as tab tab - 'ESC .' inserts the last argument of last command (can be done many times in order to get the last argument of all previous commands) Show Sample Output


    63
    ESC *
    Josay · 2009-06-14 21:17:40 18
  • curl doesn't provide url-encoding for 'GET' data, it have an option '--data-urlencode', but its only for 'POST' data. Thats why I need to write down this commandline. With 'perl', 'php' and 'python', this is one liner, but just I wrote it for fun. Works in Ubuntu, will work in all linux varients(I hope it will work in unix varients also). Show Sample Output


    -3
    (Command too long..See sample Output..)
    mohan43u · 2009-06-14 20:34:37 0
  • This will extract all of the urls from a firefox session (including urls in a tab's history). The sessionstore.js file is in ~/.mozilla/firefox/{firefox profile}


    2
    sed -e "s/\[{/\n/g" -e "s/}, {/\n/g" sessionstore.js | grep url | awk -F"," '{ print $1 }'| sed -e "s/url:\"\([^\"]*\)\"/\1/g" -e "/^about:blank/d" > session_urls.txt
    birnam · 2009-06-14 15:08:31 2
  • Share your "now playing" Amarok song in twitter!


    6
    curl -u <user>:<password> -d status="Amarok, now playing: $(dcop amarok default nowPlaying)" http://twitter.com/statuses/update.json
    caiosba · 2009-06-14 02:42:34 1
  • Simple way to achieve a colored SVN diff


    16
    svn diff <file> | vim -R -
    caiosba · 2009-06-13 22:00:49 3

  • 4
    mysql -uadmin -p` cat /etc/psa/.psa.shadow` -Dpsa -e"select mail_name,name,password from mail left join domains on mail.dom_id = domains.id inner join accounts where mail.account_id = accounts.id;"
    BADmd · 2009-06-13 21:19:18 0
  • Obviously, you can replace 'man' command with any command in this command line to do useful things. I just want to mention that there is a way to list all the commands which you can execute directly without giving fullpath. Normally all important commands will be placed in your PATH directories. This commandline uses that variable to get commands. Works in Ubuntu, will work in all 'manpage' configured *nix systems. Show Sample Output


    3
    find `echo "${PATH}" | tr ':' ' '` -type f | while read COMMAND; do man -f "${COMMAND##*/}"; done
    mohan43u · 2009-06-13 19:56:24 1
  • You can convert any UNIX man page to .txt


    15
    man ls | col -b > ~/Desktop/man_ls.txt
    vigo · 2009-06-13 11:49:33 2
  • It's also possible to delay the extraction (echo "unrar e ... fi" |at now+20 minutes) wich is really convenient!


    4
    unrar e file.part1.rar; if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then rm file.part*.rar; fi
    mrttlemonde · 2009-06-13 11:11:43 3
  • Yes, it's useless.


    4
    a=`printf "%*s" 16`;b=${a//?/{0..1\}}; echo `eval "echo $b"`
    rhythmx · 2009-06-13 06:32:35 1
  • Chronic Bash function: chronic 3600 time # Print the time in your shell every hour chronic 60 updatedb > /dev/null # update slocate every minute Note: use 'jobs' to list background tasks and fg/bg to take control of them.


    3
    chronic () { t=$1; shift; while true; do $@; sleep $t; done & }
    rhythmx · 2009-06-13 05:57:54 8
  • You can flexibly change file pattern(*.tar.gz) and uncompress command to other job! Example, remove all files : for i in *.tar.gz; do rm $i; done (Just for example, because if you really want to remove file, simply use wildcard like this rm *.tar.gz)


    0
    for i in *.tar.gz; do tar -xzf $i; done
    kureikain · 2009-06-13 03:58:48 4

  • 0
    egrep -r '(render_message|multipart).*('`find app/views -name '*.erb' | grep mailer | sed -e 's/\..*//' -e 's/.*\///' | uniq | xargs | sed 's/ /|/g'`')' app/models
    foobarfighter · 2009-06-12 18:53:29 1
  • Find statistics for an Edirectory server form LDAPsearch. We have a lot more examples at: http://ldapwiki.willeke.com/wiki/Ldapsearch%20Examples The full command got shut off it is: ldapsearch -h ldapserver.willeke.com -p636 -e C:\mydata\treerootcert.der -b "" -s base -D cn=admin,ou=administration,dc=willeke,dc=com -w secretpwd "(objectclass=*)" chainings removeEntryOps referralsReturned listOps modifyRDNOps repUpdatesIn repUpdatesOut strongAuthBinds addEntryOps compareOps wholeSubtreeSearchOps modifyEntryOps searchOps errors simpleAuthBinds inOps oneLevelSearchOps inBytes abandonOps bindSecurityErrors securityErrors unAuthBinds outBytes extendedOps readOps dsaName directoryTreeName vendorVersion vendorName Show Sample Output


    1
    ldapsearch -h ldapserver.willeke.com -p389 -b "" -s base -D cn=admin,ou=administration,dc=willeke,dc=com -w secretpwd "(objectclass=*)" chainings removeEntryOps referralsReturned listOps modifyRDNOps repUpdatesIn repUpdatesOut strongAuthBinds addEntryOps
    jwilleke · 2009-06-12 13:28:18 0
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