Commands tagged echo (82)

  • Exactly the same number of characters, exactly the same results, but with bc Show Sample Output


    2
    echo "($(date +%s)-$(date +%s -d "march 1"))/86400"|bc
    nickwe · 2010-07-22 19:44:50 0
  • For this hack you need following function: finit() { count=$#; current=1; for i in "$@" ; do echo $current $count; echo $i; current=$((current + 1)); done; } and alias: alias fnext='read cur total && echo -n "[$cur/$total] " && read' Inspired by CMake progress counters. Show Sample Output


    2
    finit "1 2 3" 3 2 1 | while fnext i ; do echo $i; done;
    mechmind · 2010-06-17 10:20:49 0
  • One of the first functions programmers learn is how to print a line. This is my 100% bash builtin function to do it, which makes it as optimal as a function can be. The COLUMNS environment variable is also set by bash (including bash resetting its value when you resize your term) so its very efficient. I like pretty-output in my shells and have experimented with several ways to output a line the width of the screen using a minimal amount of code. This is like version 9,000 lol. This function is what I use, though when using colors or other terminal features I create separate functions that call this one, since this is the lowest level type of function. It might be better named printl(), but since I use it so much it's more optimal to have the name contain less chars (both for my programming and for the internal workings). If you do use terminal escapes this will reset to default. tput sgr0 For implementation ideas, check my http://www.askapache.com/linux-unix/bash_profile-functions-advanced-shell.html Show Sample Output


    2
    L(){ l=`builtin printf %${2:-$COLUMNS}s` && echo -e "${l// /${1:-=}}"; }
    AskApache · 2010-06-14 04:35:30 3

  • -11
    echo "your text" > filename
    anjan · 2010-06-04 16:54:35 1
  • Run the alias command, then issue ps aux | head and resize your terminal window (putty/console/hyperterm/xterm/etc) then issue the same command and you'll understand. ${LINES:-`tput lines 2>/dev/null||echo -n 12`} Insructs the shell that if LINES is not set or null to use the output from `tput lines` ( ncurses based terminal access ) to get the number of lines in your terminal. But furthermore, in case that doesn't work either, it will default to using the deafault of 12 (-2 = 10). The default for HEAD is to output the first 10 lines, this alias changes the default to output the first x lines instead, where x is the number of lines currently displayed on your terminal - 2. The -2 is there so that the top line displayed is the command you ran that used HEAD, ie the prompt. Depending on whether your PS1 and/or PROMPT_COMMAND output more than 1 line (mine is 3) you will want to increase from -2. So with my prompt being the following, I need -7, or - 5 if I only want to display the commandline at the top. ( http://www.askapache.com/linux-unix/bash-power-prompt.html ) 275MB/748MB [7995:7993 - 0:186] 06:26:49 Thu Apr 08 [askapache@n1-backbone5:/dev/pts/0 +1] ~ In most shells the LINES variable is created automatically at login and updated when the terminal is resized (28 linux, 23/20 others for SIGWINCH) to contain the number of vertical lines that can fit in your terminal window. Because the alias doesn't hard-code the current LINES but relys on the $LINES variable, this is a dynamic alias that will always work on a tty device. Show Sample Output


    26
    alias head='head -n $((${LINES:-`tput lines 2>/dev/null||echo -n 12`} - 2))'
    AskApache · 2010-04-08 22:37:06 7
  • A command to find out what the day ends in. Can be edited slightly to find out what "any" output ends in. NB: I haven't tested with weird and wonderful output. Show Sample Output


    0
    date +%A | cut -c $(( $(date +%A | wc -c) - 1 ))
    DaveQB · 2010-04-07 00:23:15 2
  • The shell has perfectly adequate pattern matching for simple expressions. Show Sample Output


    -1
    function ends_in_y() { case $(date +%A) in *y ) true ;; * ) false ;; esac } ; ends_in_y && echo ok
    unixmonkey9199 · 2010-04-06 22:18:52 0
  • For those days when you need to know if something is happening because the day ends in "y". Show Sample Output


    -3
    function ends_in_y() { if [ `date +%A | sed -e 's/\(^.*\)\(.$\)/\2/'` == "y" ]; then echo 1; else echo 0; fi }
    allrightname · 2010-04-06 20:14:34 4

  • 2
    leapyear() { [ $(date -d "Dec 31, $1" +%j) == 366 ] && echo leap || echo not leap; }
    taliver · 2010-03-30 20:13:56 1
  • Tested on bash, and follows all the rules about leap years. Show Sample Output


    -2
    leapyear() { if [ $[$1 % 4] -eq 0 ] && [ $[$1 % 100] -ne 0 ] || [ $[$1 % 400] -eq 0 ]; then echo $1' is a leap year!'; else echo $1' is not a leap year.'; fi; }
    kaedenn · 2010-03-30 17:19:20 1

  • -1
    year=2010; math=`echo "$year%4" | bc`; [ ! -z $year ] && [ $math -eq 0 ] && echo "$year is leap year!" || echo "$year isn't leap year";
    mvrilo · 2010-03-30 15:33:00 1
  • It is helpful to know the current limits placed on your account, and using this shortcut is a quick way to figuring out which values to change for optimization or security. Alias is: alias ulimith="command ulimit -a|sed 's/^.*\([a-z]\))\(.*\)$/-\1\2/;s/^/ulimit /'|tr '\n' ' ';echo" Here's the result of this command: ulimit -c 0 -d unlimited -e 0 -f unlimited -i 155648 -l 32 -m unlimited -n 8192 -p 8 -q 819200 -r 0 -s 10240 -t unlimited -u unlimited -v unlimited -x unlimited ulimit -a core file size (blocks, -c) 0 data seg size (kbytes, -d) unlimited scheduling priority (-e) 0 file size (blocks, -f) unlimited pending signals (-i) 155648 max locked memory (kbytes, -l) 32 max memory size (kbytes, -m) unlimited open files (-n) 8192 pipe size (512 bytes, -p) 8 POSIX message queues (bytes, -q) 819200 real-time priority (-r) 0 stack size (kbytes, -s) 10240 cpu time (seconds, -t) unlimited max user processes (-u) unlimited virtual memory (kbytes, -v) unlimited file locks (-x) unlimited Show Sample Output


    2
    echo "ulimit `ulimit -a|sed -e 's/^.*\([a-z]\))\(.*\)$/-\1\2/'|tr "\n" ' '`"
    AskApache · 2010-03-12 06:46:54 1
  • It will only work if the service NETSEND in the Windows machine is enabled.


    9
    echo "message" | smbclient -M NAME_OF_THE_COMPUTER
    mvrilo · 2010-02-28 21:10:46 0
  • First argument: string to put a box around. Second argument: character to use for box (default is '=') Same as command #4962, cleaned up, shortened, and more efficient. Now a ' * ' can be used as the box character, and the variables get unset so they don't mess with anything else you might have. They marked c++ as a function for this command, but I'm not sure why. Must be a bug. Show Sample Output


    2
    box(){ c=${2-=}; l=$c$c${1//?/$c}$c$c; echo -e "$l\n$c $1 $c\n$l"; unset c l;}
    mightybs · 2010-02-26 17:14:52 0
  • The above code is just an example of printing on the same line, hit Ctrl + C to stop When using echo -ne "something\r", echo will: - print "something" - dont print a new line (-n) - interpret \r as carriage return, going back to the start of the line (-e) Remember to print some white spaces after the output if your command will print lines of different sizes, mainly if one line will be smaller than the previous Edit from reading comments: You can achieve the same effect using printf (more standardized than echo): while true; do printf "%-80s\r" "$(date)"; sleep 1; done


    12
    while true; do echo -ne "$(date)\r"; sleep 1; done
    polaco · 2009-11-17 22:45:37 4
  • Nice command to create a list, you can create too with for command, but this is so faster. Show Sample Output


    0
    seq 10 |xargs -n1 echo Printing line
    Waldirio · 2009-10-15 11:05:35 0
  • I never can remember the syntax of awk. You can give a different -d option to cut to separate by e.g. commas. Also this allows to do more things with the generated SQL, e.g. to redirect it into different files. Show Sample Output


    0
    for each in `cut -d " " -f 1 inputfile.txt`; do echo "select * from table where id = \"$each\";"; done
    hfs · 2009-09-23 13:29:16 0
  • Very useful in shell scripts because you can run a task nicely in the background using job-control and output progress until it completes. Here's an example of how I use it in backup scripts to run gpg in the background to encrypt an archive file (which I create in this same way). $! is the process ID of the last run command, which is saved here as the variable PI, then sleeper is called with the process id of the gpg task (PI), and sleeper is also specified to output : instead of the default . every 3 seconds instead of the default 1. So a shorter version would be sleeper $!; The wait is also used here, though it may not be needed on your system. echo ">>> ENCRYPTING SQL BACKUP" gpg --output archive.tgz.asc --encrypt archive.tgz 1>/dev/null & PI=$!; sleeper $PI ":" 3; wait $PI && rm archive.tgz &>/dev/null Previously to get around the $! not always being available, I would instead check for the existance of the process ID by checking if the directory /proc/$PID existed, but not everyone uses proc anymore. That version is currently the one at http://www.askapache.com/linux-unix/bash_profile-functions-advanced-shell.html but I plan on upgrading to this new version soon. Show Sample Output


    13
    sleeper(){ while `ps -p $1 &>/dev/null`; do echo -n "${2:-.}"; sleep ${3:-1}; done; }; export -f sleeper
    AskApache · 2009-09-21 07:36:25 1
  • Finds executable and existing directories in your path that can be useful if migrating a profile script to another system. This is faster and smaller than any other method due to using only bash builtin commands. See also: + http://www.commandlinefu.com/commands/view/743/list-all-execs-in-path-usefull-for-grepping-the-resulting-list + http://www.askapache.com/linux-unix/bash_profile-functions-advanced-shell.html Show Sample Output


    1
    for p in ${PATH//:/ }; do [[ -d $p && -x $p ]] && echo $p; done
    AskApache · 2009-09-19 06:43:57 1
  • Removes trailing newline; colon becomes record separator and newline becomes field separator, only the first field is ever printed. Replaces empty entries with $PWD. Also prepend relative directories (like ".") with the current directory ($PWD). Can change PWD with env(1) to get tricky in (non-Bourne) scripts. Show Sample Output


    -2
    echo src::${PATH} | awk 'BEGIN{pwd=ENVIRON["PWD"];RS=":";FS="\n"}!$1{$1=pwd}$1!~/^\//{$1=pwd"/"$1}{print $1}'
    arcege · 2009-09-09 04:03:46 0
  • This version uses Pipes, but is easier for the common user to grasp... instead of using sed or some other more complicated method, it uses the tr command Show Sample Output


    15
    echo $PATH | tr \: \\n
    crk · 2009-09-09 02:10:04 2
  • Based on the MrMerry one, just add some visuals to differentiate files and directories


    3
    du -a --max-depth=1 | sort -n | cut -d/ -f2 | sed '$d' | while read i; do if [ -f $i ]; then du -h "$i"; else echo "$(du -h --max-depth=0 "$i")/"; fi; done
    nickwe · 2009-09-03 20:43:43 0
  • Based on the MrMerry one, just add some visuals and sort directory and files


    2
    find . -maxdepth 1 -type d|xargs du -a --max-depth=0|sort -rn|cut -d/ -f2|sed '1d'|while read i;do echo "$(du -h --max-depth=0 "$i")/";done;find . -maxdepth 1 -type f|xargs du -a|sort -rn|cut -d/ -f2|sed '$d'|while read i;do du -h "$i";done
    nickwe · 2009-09-03 20:33:21 1

  • 1
    echo init 0 | at now + 2 hours
    hemanth · 2009-08-22 08:10:46 0

  • 1
    echo $((`eix --only-names -I | wc -l` * 100 / `eix --only-names | wc -l`))%
    leavittx · 2009-08-02 22:01:27 0
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