Commands by h3xx (20)

  • Real gurus don't need fancy tools like iftop or jnettop. Show Sample Output

    tcpdump -w - |pv -bert >/dev/null
    h3xx · 2011-12-14 00:24:02 4
  • For when you need a quick spell check. Show Sample Output

    aspell -a <<< '<WORDS>'
    h3xx · 2011-11-30 01:47:46 3
  • This causes cp to detect and omit large blocks of nulls. Sparse files are useful for implying a lot of disk space without actually having to write it all out. You can use it in a pipe too: dd if=/dev/zero bs=1M count=5 |cp --sparse=always /dev/stdin SPARSE_FILE Show Sample Output

    cp --sparse=always <SRC> <DST>
    h3xx · 2011-09-07 08:02:50 7
  • This is shorter and actually much faster than >/dev/null (see sample output for timings) Plus, it looks like a disappointed face emoticon. Show Sample Output

    <COMMAND> |:
    h3xx · 2011-08-28 23:48:29 13
  • Ever ask yourself "How much data would be lost if I pressed the reset button?" Scary, isn't it? Show Sample Output

    grep ^Dirty /proc/meminfo
    h3xx · 2011-08-24 08:48:49 8
  • Tells you everything you could ever want to know about all files and subdirectories. Great for package creators. Totally secure too. On my Slackware box, this gets set upon login: LS_OPTIONS='-F -b -T 0 --color=auto' and alias ls='/bin/ls $LS_OPTIONS' which works great. Show Sample Output

    lsr() { find "${@:-.}" -print0 |sort -z |xargs -0 ls $LS_OPTIONS -dla; }
    h3xx · 2011-08-15 03:10:58 0

  • 0
    echo $(($(ulimit -u)-$(pgrep -u $USER|wc -l))
    h3xx · 2011-07-30 05:03:36 0
  • These are way better than fortune(6). Show Sample Output

    grep -2riP '\b(fuck|shit|bitch|tits|ass\b)' /usr/src/linux/
    h3xx · 2011-07-27 23:11:02 1
  • For instance: find . -type f -name '*.wav' -print0 |xargs -0 -P 3 -n 1 flac -V8 will encode all .wav files into FLAC in parallel. Explanation of xargs flags: -P [max-procs]: Max number of invocations to run at once. Set to 0 to run all at once [potentially dangerous re: excessive RAM usage]. -n [max-args]: Max number of arguments from the list to send to each invocation. -0: Stdin is a null-terminated list. I use xargs to build parallel-processing frameworks into my scripts like the one here:

    xargs -P 3 -n 1 <COMMAND> < <FILE_LIST>
    h3xx · 2011-07-25 22:53:32 1
  • Crash Override, man! Apparently the exec call tricks BASH into setting the output buffer size to 0 under the assumption that the system (or the calling shell) will handle the output buffering. trapping the ERR signal will stop the subshell from dying and sending the ERR signal to the main script--which will terminate immediately if it does--when the program fails. The only problem is that the kernel will output a whole bunch of stack trace garbage directly to the console device once the process segfaults, so there's no way to prevent it from being output [that I know of].

    (trap 'true' ERR; exec <SEGFAULT_PRONE_PROGRAM>)
    h3xx · 2011-07-25 02:30:52 0
  • Even adds a newline.

    xxd -p <<< <STRING>
    h3xx · 2011-07-24 19:16:32 0

  • 0
    read VAR1 VAR2 VAR3 <<< aa bb cc; echo $VAR2
    h3xx · 2011-07-24 18:56:30 0
  • You can also save EXIF information by copying it to temp.jpg: jpegtran -optimize -outfile temp.jpg <JPEG> && jhead -te temp.jpg "$_" && mv temp.jpg "$_"

    jpegtran -optimize -outfile temp.jpg <JPEG> && mv temp.jpg "$_"
    h3xx · 2011-07-24 08:55:46 0
  • Or, aumix -v -5 Map these to key combinations in your window manager and who needs special buttons?

    aumix -v +5
    h3xx · 2011-07-24 07:41:40 0
  • This forces X back to its maximum resolution configured. To get a list, type `xrandr'.

    xrandr -s 0
    h3xx · 2011-07-24 07:38:01 0
  • Works really well for playing DVDs, which have the volume turned way down for some reason. The `2' method is better IMHO because it will adjust to changing loud/soft parts. If you want to add it to your ~/.mplayer/config: # format: volnorm[=method:target] # method: # 1: use single sample (default) # 2: multiple samples # target: # default is 0.25 af-add=volnorm=2:0.75

    mplayer -af volnorm=2:0.75 dvd://
    h3xx · 2011-07-24 07:26:51 0
  • Make sure the file contents can't be retrieved if anyone gets ahold of your physical hard drive. With hard drive partition: gpg --default-recipient-self -o /path/to/encrypted_backup.gpg -e /dev/sdb1 && shred -z /dev/sdb1 WARNING/disclaimer: Be sure you... F&%k it--just don't try this.

    gpg -e --default-recipient-self <SENSITIVE_FILE> && shred -zu "$_"
    h3xx · 2011-07-24 05:51:47 0
  • Skip forward and back using the < and > keys. Display the file title with I.

    mplayer -playlist <(find "$PWD" -type f)
    h3xx · 2011-07-24 03:27:03 0
  • zless /proc/config.gz

    zgrep CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ /proc/config.gz
    h3xx · 2011-07-24 02:06:09 0
  • This will affect all invocations of grep, even when it is called from inside a script.

    export GREP_OPTIONS='--color=auto'
    h3xx · 2011-07-24 01:32:10 0

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find all open files by named process
lists all files that are opened by processess named $processname egrep 'w.+REG' is to filter out non file listings in lsof, awk to get the filenames, and sort | uniq to remove duplciation

Printing multiple years with Unix cal command

Get the size of all the directories in current directory
OSX's BSD version of the du command uses the -d argument instead of --max-depth.

sed : using colons as separators instead of forward slashes
Having to escape forwardslashes when using sed can be a pain. However, it's possible to instead of using / as the separator to use : . I found this by trying to substitute $PWD into my pattern, like so $ sed "s/~.*/$PWD/" file.txt Of course, $PWD will expand to a character string that begins with a / , which will make sed spit out an error such as "sed: -e expression #1, char 8: unknown option to `s'". So simply changing it to $ sed "s:~.*:$PWD:" file.txt did the trick.

Force hard reset on server
Useful when you have some wrong on a server (nfs freeze/ immortal process)

Which processes are listening on a specific port (e.g. port 80)
swap out "80" for your port of interest. Can use port number or named ports e.g. "http"

cycle through everything sox knows how to read, playing only the first three seconds
I wasted two hours reading the sox documentation and searching on the web for the format of some obscure fscking sound sample, and then finally came up with this. This plays only the first three seconds of your unknown formatted sound file using every one of sox's built-in filetypes. If you don't get an exact match, you may get close. . I could not fit every single type in and keep it under 127 characters, so you will have to replace "..." with the full list obtainable by `$ sox --help` (or try `Show sample output`) . note: /usr/bin/play should be linked to sox on most systems.

Install your ssh key file on a remote system

Mirror a directory structure from websites with an Apache-generated file indexes
wget/curl/friends are not good with mirroring files off websites, especially those with Apache-generated directory listings. These tools endlessly waste time downloading useless index HTML pages. lftp's mirror command does a better job without the mess.

Convert seconds to [DD:][HH:]MM:SS
Converts any number of seconds into days, hours, minutes and seconds. sec2dhms() { declare -i SS="$1" D=$(( SS / 86400 )) H=$(( SS % 86400 / 3600 )) M=$(( SS % 3600 / 60 )) S=$(( SS % 60 )) [ "$D" -gt 0 ] && echo -n "${D}:" [ "$H" -gt 0 ] && printf "%02g:" "$H" printf "%02g:%02g\n" "$M" "$S" }

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