Commands by h3xx (20)

  • Real gurus don't need fancy tools like iftop or jnettop. Show Sample Output


    9
    tcpdump -w - |pv -bert >/dev/null
    h3xx · 2011-12-14 00:24:02 4
  • For when you need a quick spell check. Show Sample Output


    10
    aspell -a <<< '<WORDS>'
    h3xx · 2011-11-30 01:47:46 3
  • This causes cp to detect and omit large blocks of nulls. Sparse files are useful for implying a lot of disk space without actually having to write it all out. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sparse_file You can use it in a pipe too: dd if=/dev/zero bs=1M count=5 |cp --sparse=always /dev/stdin SPARSE_FILE Show Sample Output


    4
    cp --sparse=always <SRC> <DST>
    h3xx · 2011-09-07 08:02:50 0
  • This is shorter and actually much faster than >/dev/null (see sample output for timings) Plus, it looks like a disappointed face emoticon. Show Sample Output


    22
    <COMMAND> |:
    h3xx · 2011-08-28 23:48:29 13
  • Ever ask yourself "How much data would be lost if I pressed the reset button?" Scary, isn't it? Show Sample Output


    34
    grep ^Dirty /proc/meminfo
    h3xx · 2011-08-24 08:48:49 8
  • Tells you everything you could ever want to know about all files and subdirectories. Great for package creators. Totally secure too. On my Slackware box, this gets set upon login: LS_OPTIONS='-F -b -T 0 --color=auto' and alias ls='/bin/ls $LS_OPTIONS' which works great. Show Sample Output


    2
    lsr() { find "${@:-.}" -print0 |sort -z |xargs -0 ls $LS_OPTIONS -dla; }
    h3xx · 2011-08-15 03:10:58 0

  • 0
    echo $(($(ulimit -u)-$(pgrep -u $USER|wc -l))
    h3xx · 2011-07-30 05:03:36 0
  • These are way better than fortune(6). Show Sample Output


    2
    grep -2riP '\b(fuck|shit|bitch|tits|ass\b)' /usr/src/linux/
    h3xx · 2011-07-27 23:11:02 1
  • For instance: find . -type f -name '*.wav' -print0 |xargs -0 -P 3 -n 1 flac -V8 will encode all .wav files into FLAC in parallel. Explanation of xargs flags: -P [max-procs]: Max number of invocations to run at once. Set to 0 to run all at once [potentially dangerous re: excessive RAM usage]. -n [max-args]: Max number of arguments from the list to send to each invocation. -0: Stdin is a null-terminated list. I use xargs to build parallel-processing frameworks into my scripts like the one here: http://pastebin.com/1GvcifYa


    2
    xargs -P 3 -n 1 <COMMAND> < <FILE_LIST>
    h3xx · 2011-07-25 22:53:32 0
  • Crash Override, man! Apparently the exec call tricks BASH into setting the output buffer size to 0 under the assumption that the system (or the calling shell) will handle the output buffering. trapping the ERR signal will stop the subshell from dying and sending the ERR signal to the main script--which will terminate immediately if it does--when the program fails. The only problem is that the kernel will output a whole bunch of stack trace garbage directly to the console device once the process segfaults, so there's no way to prevent it from being output [that I know of].


    0
    (trap 'true' ERR; exec <SEGFAULT_PRONE_PROGRAM>)
    h3xx · 2011-07-25 02:30:52 0
  • Even adds a newline.


    1
    xxd -p <<< <STRING>
    h3xx · 2011-07-24 19:16:32 0

  • 0
    read VAR1 VAR2 VAR3 <<< aa bb cc; echo $VAR2
    h3xx · 2011-07-24 18:56:30 0
  • You can also save EXIF information by copying it to temp.jpg: jpegtran -optimize -outfile temp.jpg <JPEG> && jhead -te temp.jpg "$_" && mv temp.jpg "$_"


    0
    jpegtran -optimize -outfile temp.jpg <JPEG> && mv temp.jpg "$_"
    h3xx · 2011-07-24 08:55:46 0
  • Or, aumix -v -5 Map these to key combinations in your window manager and who needs special buttons?


    0
    aumix -v +5
    h3xx · 2011-07-24 07:41:40 0
  • This forces X back to its maximum resolution configured. To get a list, type `xrandr'.


    2
    xrandr -s 0
    h3xx · 2011-07-24 07:38:01 0
  • Works really well for playing DVDs, which have the volume turned way down for some reason. The `2' method is better IMHO because it will adjust to changing loud/soft parts. If you want to add it to your ~/.mplayer/config: # format: volnorm[=method:target] # method: # 1: use single sample (default) # 2: multiple samples # target: # default is 0.25 af-add=volnorm=2:0.75


    3
    mplayer -af volnorm=2:0.75 dvd://
    h3xx · 2011-07-24 07:26:51 0
  • Make sure the file contents can't be retrieved if anyone gets ahold of your physical hard drive. With hard drive partition: gpg --default-recipient-self -o /path/to/encrypted_backup.gpg -e /dev/sdb1 && shred -z /dev/sdb1 WARNING/disclaimer: Be sure you... F&%k it--just don't try this.


    0
    gpg -e --default-recipient-self <SENSITIVE_FILE> && shred -zu "$_"
    h3xx · 2011-07-24 05:51:47 0
  • Skip forward and back using the < and > keys. Display the file title with I.


    1
    mplayer -playlist <(find "$PWD" -type f)
    h3xx · 2011-07-24 03:27:03 0
  • zless /proc/config.gz


    0
    zgrep CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ /proc/config.gz
    h3xx · 2011-07-24 02:06:09 0
  • This will affect all invocations of grep, even when it is called from inside a script.


    1
    export GREP_OPTIONS='--color=auto'
    h3xx · 2011-07-24 01:32:10 0

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Download Englishword pronounciation as mp3 file

Convert seconds to [DD:][HH:]MM:SS
Converts any number of seconds into days, hours, minutes and seconds. sec2dhms() { declare -i SS="$1" D=$(( SS / 86400 )) H=$(( SS % 86400 / 3600 )) M=$(( SS % 3600 / 60 )) S=$(( SS % 60 )) [ "$D" -gt 0 ] && echo -n "${D}:" [ "$H" -gt 0 ] && printf "%02g:" "$H" printf "%02g:%02g\n" "$M" "$S" }

Locate config files of the program
Locate config files of the program. May not be used for interactive programs like vim.

scroll file one line at a time (w/only UNIX base utilities)
usage examples ls largedir |rd lynx -dump largewebsite.com |rd rd < largelogfile

Show 'Hardware path'-style tree of all devices in Linux

convert vdi to vmdk (virtualbox hard disk conversion to vmware hard disk format)
Converts a .vdi file to a .vmdk file for use in a vmware virtual machine. The benefit: using this method actually works. There are others out there that claim to give you a working .vmdk by simply using the qemu-img command alone. Doing that only results in pain for you because the .vmdk file will be created with no errors, but it won't boot either. Be advised that these conversions are very disk-intensive by nature; you are probably dealing with disk images several gigabytes in size. Once finished, the process of using the new .vmdk file is left as an exercise to the reader.

Generate random valid mac addresses
Shorter and more straightforward. Also in perl: $ perl -e 'print join(":", map { sprintf "%0.2X",rand(256) }(1..6))."\n"'

Creating shortened URLs from the command line

Convert seconds to [DD:][HH:]MM:SS
Converts any number of seconds into days, hours, minutes and seconds. sec2dhms() { declare -i SS="$1" D=$(( SS / 86400 )) H=$(( SS % 86400 / 3600 )) M=$(( SS % 3600 / 60 )) S=$(( SS % 60 )) [ "$D" -gt 0 ] && echo -n "${D}:" [ "$H" -gt 0 ] && printf "%02g:" "$H" printf "%02g:%02g\n" "$M" "$S" }

find and delete files smaller than specific size


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