Commands using read (336)

  • Old snapshots can cause problems. It's best to remove them when finished. I use this script to remove all snapshots. The "while read" command is necessary because my vm names contain spaces. The "time" command reports how long the process runs.

    time vmware-cmd -l | while read x; do printf "$x"; vmware-cmd "$x" removesnapshots; done
    jcgam69 · 2009-02-26 18:51:29 0
  • Obviously, you can replace 'man' command with any command in this command line to do useful things. I just want to mention that there is a way to list all the commands which you can execute directly without giving fullpath. Normally all important commands will be placed in your PATH directories. This commandline uses that variable to get commands. Works in Ubuntu, will work in all 'manpage' configured *nix systems. Show Sample Output

    find `echo "${PATH}" | tr ':' ' '` -type f | while read COMMAND; do man -f "${COMMAND##*/}"; done
    mohan43u · 2009-06-13 19:56:24 2
  • Calculates the size on disk for each package installed on the filesystem (or removed but not purged). This is missing the | sort -rn which would put the biggest packges on top. That was purposely left out as the command is slightly on the slow side Also you may need to run this as root as some files can only be checked by du if you can read them ;) Show Sample Output

    dpkg --get-selections | cut -f1 | while read pkg; do dpkg -L $pkg | xargs -I'{}' bash -c 'if [ ! -d "{}" ]; then echo "{}"; fi' | tr '\n' '\000' | du -c --files0-from - | tail -1 | sed "s/total/$pkg/"; done
    pykler · 2009-10-12 14:57:54 0
  • Waiting for a key stroke. You can use this with a ";" behind to build a command chain. Show Sample Output

    read -p "Press enter to continue.."
    brubaker · 2010-04-13 13:05:09 0
  • in "a.html", find all images referred as relative URI in an HTML file by "src" attribute of "img" element, replace them with "data:" URI. This useful to create single HTML file holding all images in it, as a replacement of the IE-created .mht file format. The generated HTML works fine on every other browser except IE, as well as many HTML editors like kompozer, while the .mht format only works for IE, but not for every other browser. Compare to the KDE's own single-file-web-page format "war" format, which only opens correctly on KDE, the HTML file with "data:" URI is more universally supported. The above command have many bugs. My commandline-fu is too limited to fix them: 1. it assume all URLs are relative URIs, thus works in this case: <img src="images/logo.png"/> but does not work in this case: <img src="" /> This may not be a bug, as full URIs perhaps should be ignored in many use cases. 2. it only work for images whoes file name suffix is one of .jpg, .gif, .png, albeit images with .jpeg suffix and those without extension names at all are legal to HTML. 3. image file name is not allowed to contain "(" even though frequently used, as in "(copy of) my car.jpg". Besides, neither single nor double quotes are allowed. 4. There is infact a big flaw in this, file names are actually used as regular expression to be replaced with base64 encoded content. This cause the script to fail in many other cases. Example: 'D:\images\logo.png', where backward slash have different meaning in regular expression. I don't know how to fix this. I don't know any command that can do full text (no regular expression) replacement the way basic editors like gedit does. 5. The original a.html are not preserved, so a user should make a copy first in case things go wrong.

    grep -ioE "(url\(|src=)['\"]?[^)'\"]*" a.html | grep -ioE "[^\"'(]*.(jpg|png|gif)" | while read l ; do sed -i "s>$l>data:image/${l/[^.]*./};base64,`openssl enc -base64 -in $l| tr -d '\n'`>" a.html ; done;
    zhangweiwu · 2010-05-05 14:07:51 2
  • wget --user=username --password="$password" Instead of hiding commands entirely from history, I prefer to use "read" to put the password into a variable, and then use that variable in the commands instead of the password. Without the "-e" and "-s" it should work in any bourne-type shell, but the -s is what makes sure the password doesn't get echoed to the screen at all. (-e makes editing work a bit better)

    read -e -s -p "Password: " password
    freiheit · 2010-08-18 17:53:27 1
  • Should be a bit more portable since echo -e/n and date's -Ins are not. Show Sample Output

    tail -f file | while read line; do printf "$(date -u '+%F %T%z')\t$line\n"; done
    derekschrock · 2010-11-24 05:50:12 0
  • Like 7171, but fixed typo, uses fewer variables, and even more cryptic! Show Sample Output

    read -a A<<<".*.**..*....*** 8 9 5 10 6 0 2 11 7 4";for C in `date +"%H%M"|fold -w1`;do echo "${A:${A[C+1]}:4}";done
    __ · 2010-12-02 22:04:49 1
  • This takes a webcam picture every everytime the mouse is moved (waits 10 seconds between checking for movement) and stores the picture wherever you want it. Ideas: Use in conjunction with a dropbox type application to see who is using your computer Use /dev/input/mice if /dev/input/mouse* doesn't work Use the bones of this to make a simple screensaver

    while true; do sudo cat /dev/input/mouse0|read -n1;streamer -q -o /tmp/cam.jpeg -s 640x480 > /dev/null 2>&1; sleep 10;done
    SQUIIDUX · 2012-04-22 01:51:30 1
  • This assumes you have the package installed necessary for converting WMF files. On my Ubuntu box, this is libwmf-bin. I used this command, as libwmf is not on my wife's iMac, so I archived the directories containing the WMF files from OS X, ran them on my Ubuntu box, archived the resulting SVGs, and sent them back to her. Quick, simple and to the point. Searches directories recursively looking for extensions ignoring case. This is much more readable and clean than -exec for find. The while loop also gives further flexibility on complex logic. Also, although there is 'wmf2svg --auto', it expects lowercase extensions, and not uppercase. Because I want to ignore case, I need to use the -o option instead. Works in ZSH and BASH. Haven't tested in other shells.

    find . -type f -iname '*.wmf' | while read FILE; do FILENAME="${FILE%.*}"; wmf2svg -o ${FILENAME}.svg $FILE; done
    atoponce · 2009-03-07 22:21:01 2
  • Reads a username from Show Sample Output

    read -p 'Username: ' u;sudo -H -u $u xauth add $(xauth list|grep :$(echo ${DISPLAY: -4:2}));sudo su - $u
    vutcovici · 2009-04-02 13:24:53 1
  • connects to all the screen instances running.

    screen -ls | grep pts | gawk '{ split($1, x, "."); print x[1] }' | while read i; do gnome-terminal -e screen\ -dx\ $i; done
    microft · 2009-04-22 10:36:39 4

  • 3
    find . -name "*.jar" | while read file; do echo "Processing ${file}"; jar -tvf $file | grep "Foo.class"; done
    sharfah · 2009-05-20 17:33:17 1
  • Find Word docs by filename in the current directory, convert each of them to plain text using antiword (taking care of spaces in filenames), then grep for a search term in the particular file. (Of course, it's better to save your data as plain text to make for easier grepping, but that's not always possible.) Requires antiword. Or you can modify it to use catdoc instead.

    find . -iname '*filename*.doc' | { while read line; do antiword "$line"; done; } | grep -C4 search_term;
    Ben · 2009-07-28 15:49:58 1
  • Based on the MrMerry one, just add some visuals to differentiate files and directories

    du -a --max-depth=1 | sort -n | cut -d/ -f2 | sed '$d' | while read i; do if [ -f $i ]; then du -h "$i"; else echo "$(du -h --max-depth=0 "$i")/"; fi; done
    nickwe · 2009-09-03 20:43:43 0
  • Create a text file called domainlist.txt with a domain per line, then run the command above. All registries are a little different, so play around with the command. Should produce a list of domains and their expirations date. I am responsible for my companies domains and have a dozen or so myself, so this is a quick check if I overlooked any.

    cat domainlist.txt | while read line; do echo -ne $line; whois $line | grep Expiration ; done | sed 's:Expiration Date::'
    netsaint · 2010-05-02 06:49:09 1
  • This shows every bit of information that stat can get for any file, dir, fifo, etc. It's great because it also shows the format and explains it for each format option. If you just want stat help, create this handy alias 'stath' to display all format options with explanations. alias stath="stat --h|sed '/Th/,/NO/!d;/%/!d'" To display on 2 lines: ( F=/etc/screenrc N=c IFS=$'\n'; for L in $(sed 's/%Z./%Z\n/'<<<`stat --h|sed -n '/^ *%/s/^ *%\(.\).*$/\1:%\1/p'`); do G=$(echo "stat -$N '$L' \"$F\""); eval $G; N=fc;done; ) For a similarly powerful stat-like function optimized for pretty output (and can sort by any field), check out the "lll" function From my .bash_profile -> Show Sample Output

    statt(){ C=c;stat --h|sed '/Th/,/NO/!d;/%/!d'|while read l;do p=${l/% */};[ $p == %Z ]&&C=fc&&echo ^FS:^;echo "`stat -$C $p \"$1\"` ^$p^${l#%* }";done|column -ts^; }
    AskApache · 2010-06-11 23:31:03 0
  • Revised approach to and3k's version, using pipes and read rather than command substitution. This does not require fiddling with IFS when paths have whitespace, and does not risk hitting command-line size limits. It's less verbose on the missing files, but it stops iterating at the first file that's missing, so it should be definitely faster. I expanded all the qlist options to be more self-describing.

    emerge -av1 `qlist --installed --nocolor | uniq | while read cp; do qlist --exact $cp | while read file; do test -e $file || { echo $cp; echo "$cp: missing $file (and maybe more)" 1>&2; break; }; done; done`
    Flameeyes · 2010-07-04 19:55:42 2
  • Similar to xargs -i, but works with builtin bash commands (rather than running "bash -c ..." through xargs)

    xargsb() { while read -r cmd; do ${@//'{}'/$cmd}; done; }
    BobbyTables · 2010-09-28 06:35:39 3
  • This version works across on all POSIX compliant shell variants.

    Confirm() { echo -n "$1 [y/n]? " ; read reply; case $reply in Y*|y*) true ;; *) false ;; esac }
    eikenberry · 2010-11-22 16:54:16 0

  • 3
    bargs { while read i; do "[email protected]" "$i"; done }
    wytten · 2011-01-06 19:25:43 1
  • basic find implementation for systems that don't actually have find, like an android console without busybox installed.

    find (); { ls $1 | while read line; do [[ -d $1/$line ]] && find $1/$line $2 || echo $1/$line | grep $2; done; }
    a8ksh4 · 2013-07-28 22:21:39 1
  • Creates an incremental snapshot of individual folders.

    find /mnt/storage/profiles/ -maxdepth 1 -mindepth 1 -type d | while read d; do tarfile=`echo "$d" | cut -d "/" -f5`; destdir="/local/backupdir/"; tar -g "$destdir"/"$tarfile".snar -czf "$destdir"/"$tarfile"_`date +%F`.tgz -P $d; done
    jaimerosario · 2013-12-05 19:20:31 6
  • Creates a temporary ram partition To use: ram 3 to make a 3gb partition (Defaults to 1gb) Show Sample Output

    ram() { mt=/mnt/ram && grep "$mt" < /proc/mts > /dev/null; if [ $? -eq 0 ] ; then read -p"Enter to Remove Ram Partition ";sudo umount "$mt" && echo $mt 0; else sudo mt -t tmpfs tmpfs "$mt" -o size=$(( ${1:-1} * 1024 ))m && echo $mt '-' "${1:-1}"gb; fi; }
    snipertyler · 2013-12-13 05:22:02 0
  • Useful to add a timestamp to every line printed to stdout. You can use `-Ins` instead of `-Iseconds` if you want more precision. Show Sample Output

    any command | while read line; do echo "[`date -Iseconds`] $line"; done
    ayosec · 2014-02-07 22:27:29 0
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Detect illegal access to kernel space, potentially useful for Meltdown detection
Based on capsule8 agent examples, not rigorously tested

generate 30 x 30 matrix
Replaces hexdump with the more succint xxd, and the sed was unnecessarily complex.

Recursively grep thorugh directory for string in file.
-R, -r, --recursive Read all files under each directory, recursively; this is equivalent to the -d recurse option.

list block devices
Shows all block devices in a tree with descruptions of what they are.

Make vim open in tabs by default (save to .profile)
I always add this to my .profile rc so I can do things like: "vim *.c" and the files are opened in tabs.

Find the package that installed a command

Get the ip registered to a domain on OpenWRT
I use this in a script on my openwrt router to check if my DynDNS needs to be updated, saves your account from being banned for blank updates.

Remove specific entries from iptables
Then you can remove the specific entry: iptables -D INPUT 10 Just make sure these are set: IPTABLES_SAVE_ON_STOP="yes" IPTABLES_SAVE_ON_RESTART="yes" Else your changes won't stick when you restart iptables.

pretend to be busy in office to enjoy a cup of coffee
combination of several of the above

gzip over ssh
I've kept the gzip compression at a low level, but depending on the cpu power available on the source machine you may want to increase it. However, SQL compresses really well, and I found even with -1 I was able to transfer 40 MiB/s over a 100 mbps wire, which was good enough for me.

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