Commands using read (338)


  • 5
    paste <(seq 7 | shuf | tr 1-7 A-G) <(seq 7 | shuf) | while read i j; do play -qn synth 1 pluck $i synth 1 pluck mix $2; done
    kev · 2012-04-09 15:22:19 0
  • Old snapshots can cause problems. It's best to remove them when finished. I use this script to remove all snapshots. The "while read" command is necessary because my vm names contain spaces. The "time" command reports how long the process runs.


    4
    time vmware-cmd -l | while read x; do printf "$x"; vmware-cmd "$x" removesnapshots; done
    jcgam69 · 2009-02-26 18:51:29 3
  • Obviously, you can replace 'man' command with any command in this command line to do useful things. I just want to mention that there is a way to list all the commands which you can execute directly without giving fullpath. Normally all important commands will be placed in your PATH directories. This commandline uses that variable to get commands. Works in Ubuntu, will work in all 'manpage' configured *nix systems. Show Sample Output


    4
    find `echo "${PATH}" | tr ':' ' '` -type f | while read COMMAND; do man -f "${COMMAND##*/}"; done
    mohan43u · 2009-06-13 19:56:24 2
  • Waiting for a key stroke. You can use this with a ";" behind to build a command chain. Show Sample Output


    4
    read -p "Press enter to continue.."
    brubaker · 2010-04-13 13:05:09 2
  • in "a.html", find all images referred as relative URI in an HTML file by "src" attribute of "img" element, replace them with "data:" URI. This useful to create single HTML file holding all images in it, as a replacement of the IE-created .mht file format. The generated HTML works fine on every other browser except IE, as well as many HTML editors like kompozer, while the .mht format only works for IE, but not for every other browser. Compare to the KDE's own single-file-web-page format "war" format, which only opens correctly on KDE, the HTML file with "data:" URI is more universally supported. The above command have many bugs. My commandline-fu is too limited to fix them: 1. it assume all URLs are relative URIs, thus works in this case: <img src="images/logo.png"/> but does not work in this case: <img src="http://www.my_web_site.com/images/logo.png" /> This may not be a bug, as full URIs perhaps should be ignored in many use cases. 2. it only work for images whoes file name suffix is one of .jpg, .gif, .png, albeit images with .jpeg suffix and those without extension names at all are legal to HTML. 3. image file name is not allowed to contain "(" even though frequently used, as in "(copy of) my car.jpg". Besides, neither single nor double quotes are allowed. 4. There is infact a big flaw in this, file names are actually used as regular expression to be replaced with base64 encoded content. This cause the script to fail in many other cases. Example: 'D:\images\logo.png', where backward slash have different meaning in regular expression. I don't know how to fix this. I don't know any command that can do full text (no regular expression) replacement the way basic editors like gedit does. 5. The original a.html are not preserved, so a user should make a copy first in case things go wrong.


    4
    grep -ioE "(url\(|src=)['\"]?[^)'\"]*" a.html | grep -ioE "[^\"'(]*.(jpg|png|gif)" | while read l ; do sed -i "s>$l>data:image/${l/[^.]*./};base64,`openssl enc -base64 -in $l| tr -d '\n'`>" a.html ; done;
    zhangweiwu · 2010-05-05 14:07:51 5
  • wget --user=username --password="$password" http://example.org/ Instead of hiding commands entirely from history, I prefer to use "read" to put the password into a variable, and then use that variable in the commands instead of the password. Without the "-e" and "-s" it should work in any bourne-type shell, but the -s is what makes sure the password doesn't get echoed to the screen at all. (-e makes editing work a bit better)


    4
    read -e -s -p "Password: " password
    freiheit · 2010-08-18 17:53:27 1
  • Should be a bit more portable since echo -e/n and date's -Ins are not. Show Sample Output


    4
    tail -f file | while read line; do printf "$(date -u '+%F %T%z')\t$line\n"; done
    derekschrock · 2010-11-24 05:50:12 0
  • Like 7171, but fixed typo, uses fewer variables, and even more cryptic! Show Sample Output


    4
    read -a A<<<".*.**..*....*** 8 9 5 10 6 0 2 11 7 4";for C in `date +"%H%M"|fold -w1`;do echo "${A:${A[C+1]}:4}";done
    __ · 2010-12-02 22:04:49 1
  • This takes a webcam picture every everytime the mouse is moved (waits 10 seconds between checking for movement) and stores the picture wherever you want it. Ideas: Use in conjunction with a dropbox type application to see who is using your computer Use /dev/input/mice if /dev/input/mouse* doesn't work Use the bones of this to make a simple screensaver


    4
    while true; do sudo cat /dev/input/mouse0|read -n1;streamer -q -o /tmp/cam.jpeg -s 640x480 > /dev/null 2>&1; sleep 10;done
    SQUIIDUX · 2012-04-22 01:51:30 1
  • This assumes you have the package installed necessary for converting WMF files. On my Ubuntu box, this is libwmf-bin. I used this command, as libwmf is not on my wife's iMac, so I archived the directories containing the WMF files from OS X, ran them on my Ubuntu box, archived the resulting SVGs, and sent them back to her. Quick, simple and to the point. Searches directories recursively looking for extensions ignoring case. This is much more readable and clean than -exec for find. The while loop also gives further flexibility on complex logic. Also, although there is 'wmf2svg --auto', it expects lowercase extensions, and not uppercase. Because I want to ignore case, I need to use the -o option instead. Works in ZSH and BASH. Haven't tested in other shells.


    3
    find . -type f -iname '*.wmf' | while read FILE; do FILENAME="${FILE%.*}"; wmf2svg -o ${FILENAME}.svg $FILE; done
    atoponce · 2009-03-07 22:21:01 5
  • Reads a username from Show Sample Output


    3
    read -p 'Username: ' u;sudo -H -u $u xauth add $(xauth list|grep :$(echo ${DISPLAY: -4:2}));sudo su - $u
    vutcovici · 2009-04-02 13:24:53 4
  • connects to all the screen instances running.


    3
    screen -ls | grep pts | gawk '{ split($1, x, "."); print x[1] }' | while read i; do gnome-terminal -e screen\ -dx\ $i; done
    microft · 2009-04-22 10:36:39 7

  • 3
    find . -name "*.jar" | while read file; do echo "Processing ${file}"; jar -tvf $file | grep "Foo.class"; done
    sharfah · 2009-05-20 17:33:17 1
  • Find Word docs by filename in the current directory, convert each of them to plain text using antiword (taking care of spaces in filenames), then grep for a search term in the particular file. (Of course, it's better to save your data as plain text to make for easier grepping, but that's not always possible.) Requires antiword. Or you can modify it to use catdoc instead.


    3
    find . -iname '*filename*.doc' | { while read line; do antiword "$line"; done; } | grep -C4 search_term;
    Ben · 2009-07-28 15:49:58 1
  • Based on the MrMerry one, just add some visuals to differentiate files and directories


    3
    du -a --max-depth=1 | sort -n | cut -d/ -f2 | sed '$d' | while read i; do if [ -f $i ]; then du -h "$i"; else echo "$(du -h --max-depth=0 "$i")/"; fi; done
    nickwe · 2009-09-03 20:43:43 0
  • Create a text file called domainlist.txt with a domain per line, then run the command above. All registries are a little different, so play around with the command. Should produce a list of domains and their expirations date. I am responsible for my companies domains and have a dozen or so myself, so this is a quick check if I overlooked any.


    3
    cat domainlist.txt | while read line; do echo -ne $line; whois $line | grep Expiration ; done | sed 's:Expiration Date::'
    netsaint · 2010-05-02 06:49:09 1
  • This shows every bit of information that stat can get for any file, dir, fifo, etc. It's great because it also shows the format and explains it for each format option. If you just want stat help, create this handy alias 'stath' to display all format options with explanations. alias stath="stat --h|sed '/Th/,/NO/!d;/%/!d'" To display on 2 lines: ( F=/etc/screenrc N=c IFS=$'\n'; for L in $(sed 's/%Z./%Z\n/'<<<`stat --h|sed -n '/^ *%/s/^ *%\(.\).*$/\1:%\1/p'`); do G=$(echo "stat -$N '$L' \"$F\""); eval $G; N=fc;done; ) For a similarly powerful stat-like function optimized for pretty output (and can sort by any field), check out the "lll" function http://www.commandlinefu.com/commands/view/5815/advanced-ls-output-using-find-for-formattedsortable-file-stat-info From my .bash_profile -> http://www.askapache.com/linux-unix/bash_profile-functions-advanced-shell.html Show Sample Output


    3
    statt(){ C=c;stat --h|sed '/Th/,/NO/!d;/%/!d'|while read l;do p=${l/% */};[ $p == %Z ]&&C=fc&&echo ^FS:^;echo "`stat -$C $p \"$1\"` ^$p^${l#%* }";done|column -ts^; }
    AskApache · 2010-06-11 23:31:03 0
  • Revised approach to and3k's version, using pipes and read rather than command substitution. This does not require fiddling with IFS when paths have whitespace, and does not risk hitting command-line size limits. It's less verbose on the missing files, but it stops iterating at the first file that's missing, so it should be definitely faster. I expanded all the qlist options to be more self-describing.


    3
    emerge -av1 `qlist --installed --nocolor | uniq | while read cp; do qlist --exact $cp | while read file; do test -e $file || { echo $cp; echo "$cp: missing $file (and maybe more)" 1>&2; break; }; done; done`
    Flameeyes · 2010-07-04 19:55:42 2
  • Similar to xargs -i, but works with builtin bash commands (rather than running "bash -c ..." through xargs)


    3
    xargsb() { while read -r cmd; do ${@//'{}'/$cmd}; done; }
    BobbyTables · 2010-09-28 06:35:39 3
  • This version works across on all POSIX compliant shell variants.


    3
    Confirm() { echo -n "$1 [y/n]? " ; read reply; case $reply in Y*|y*) true ;; *) false ;; esac }
    eikenberry · 2010-11-22 16:54:16 0

  • 3
    bargs { while read i; do "$@" "$i"; done }
    wytten · 2011-01-06 19:25:43 1
  • basic find implementation for systems that don't actually have find, like an android console without busybox installed.


    3
    find (); { ls $1 | while read line; do [[ -d $1/$line ]] && find $1/$line $2 || echo $1/$line | grep $2; done; }
    a8ksh4 · 2013-07-28 22:21:39 7
  • Creates an incremental snapshot of individual folders.


    3
    find /mnt/storage/profiles/ -maxdepth 1 -mindepth 1 -type d | while read d; do tarfile=`echo "$d" | cut -d "/" -f5`; destdir="/local/backupdir/"; tar -g "$destdir"/"$tarfile".snar -czf "$destdir"/"$tarfile"_`date +%F`.tgz -P $d; done
    jaimerosario · 2013-12-05 19:20:31 7
  • Creates a temporary ram partition To use: ram 3 to make a 3gb partition (Defaults to 1gb) Show Sample Output


    3
    ram() { mt=/mnt/ram && grep "$mt" < /proc/mts > /dev/null; if [ $? -eq 0 ] ; then read -p"Enter to Remove Ram Partition ";sudo umount "$mt" && echo $mt 0; else sudo mt -t tmpfs tmpfs "$mt" -o size=$(( ${1:-1} * 1024 ))m && echo $mt '-' "${1:-1}"gb; fi; }
    snipertyler · 2013-12-13 05:22:02 1
  • Useful to add a timestamp to every line printed to stdout. You can use `-Ins` instead of `-Iseconds` if you want more precision. Show Sample Output


    3
    any command | while read line; do echo "[`date -Iseconds`] $line"; done
    ayosec · 2014-02-07 22:27:29 2
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Print just line 4 from a textfile
Prints the 4th line and then quits. (Credit goes to flatcap in comments: http://www.commandlinefu.com/commands/view/6031/print-just-line-4-from-a-textfile#comment.)

Use vi commands to edit your command lines
If you spend all day editing in vi then switching your fingers to Emacs mode just for the command line can be difficult. Use set -o vi in your bash shell and enjoy the power of a real editor.

Copy file to a Windows/Samba share without mounting it
This commando copies the file (which must reside in the current directory) to //<server>/<share-name>/<subdirectory>/<file> through the CIFS protocol (Samba share or Windows Share). It doesn't require you to mount the filesystem first. --directory "<subdirectory>" may be omitted in order to copy the file the the root of the share. The "%password" part may also be omitted. If doing so, smbclient will ask for the password interactively. To copy a file from a Windows/Samba share, change "put" for "get". $ smbclient --user=user%password --directory "<subdirectory>" --command "get <file>" //<server>/<share-name>

convert a line to a space

Find broken symlinks and delete them
This command is adapted from http://otomaton.wordpress.com/2012/12/26/find-broken-symbolic-links/ Solutions with $ find -L don't work when the link is a loop, an error message is printed.

Change every instance of OLD to NEW in file FILE
Very quick way to change a word in a file. I use it all the time to change variable names in my PHP scripts (sed -i 's/$oldvar/$newvar/g' index.php)

Change permissions of every directory in current directory
"find . -type d -print0 | xargs -0 chmod 755" thanks masterofdisaster

Print all git repos from a user
in case you could afford installing jq

Automatically find and re-attach to a detached screen session
-RR option is used to resume the first appropriate detached screen session

Shows what processes need to be restarted after system upgrade
emerge,apt-get,yum... all update your system. This will at some point replace either a runtime dependency or a process (which is still running). This oneliner will list what processes need to be restarted


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